20 research outputs found

    Variable Modified Chaplygin Gas and Accelerating Universe

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    In this letter, I have proposed a model of variable modified Chaplygin gas and shown its role in accelerating phase of the universe. I have shown that the equation of state of this model is valid from the radiation era to quiessence model. The graphical representations of statefinder parameters characterize different phase of evolution of the universe. All results presented in the letter concerns the case k=0k=0.Comment: 7 Latex pages, 5 figures, revtex styl

    Can the Chaplygin gas be a plausible model for dark energy?

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    In this note two cosmological models representing the flat Friedmann Universe filled with a Chaplygin fluid, with or without dust, are analyzed in terms of the recently proposed "statefinder" parameters. Trajectories of both models in the parameter plane are shown to be significantly different w.r.t. "quiessence" and "tracker" models. The generalized Chaplygin gas model with an equation of state of the form p=A/ραp = -A/\rho^{\alpha} is also analyzed in terms of the statefinder parameters.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figure

    Dynamics of Logamediate and Intermediate Scenarios in the Dark Energy Filled Universe

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    We have considered a model of two component mixture i.e., mixture of Chaplygin gas and barotropic fluid with tachyonic field. In the case, when they have no interaction then both of them retain their own properties. Let us consider an energy flow between barotropic and tachyonic fluids. In both the cases we find the exact solutions for the tachyonic field and the tachyonic potential and show that the tachyonic potential follows the asymptotic behavior. We have considered an interaction between these two fluids by introducing a coupling term. Finally, we have considered a model of three component mixture i.e., mixture of tachyonic field, Chaplygin gas and barotropic fluid with or without interaction. The coupling functions decays with time indicating a strong energy flow at the initial period and weak stable interaction at later stage. To keep the observational support of recent acceleration we have considered two particular forms (i) Logamediate Scenario and (ii) Intermediate Scenario, of evolution of the Universe. We have examined the natures of the recent developed statefinder parameters and slow-roll parameters in both scenarios with and without interactions in whole evolution of the universe.Comment: 28 pages, 20 figure

    Dilatonic Interpretation of the Quintessence?

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    We discuss the possibility that "quintessential effects", recently displayed by large scale observations, may be consistently described in the context of the low-energy string effective action, and we suggest a possible approach to the problem of the cosmic coincidence based on the link between the strength of the dilaton couplings and the cosmological state of our Universe.Comment: 6 pages, Revtex, four figures included using epsfig. To appear in Phys. Rev.

    Observational Constraints of Modified Chaplygin Gas in Loop Quantum Cosmology

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    We have considered the FRW universe in loop quantum cosmology (LQC) model filled with the dark matter (perfect fluid with negligible pressure) and the modified Chaplygin gas (MCG) type dark energy. We present the Hubble parameter in terms of the observable parameters Ωm0\Omega_{m0}, Ωx0\Omega_{x0} and H0H_{0} with the redshift zz and the other parameters like AA, BB, CC and α\alpha. From Stern data set (12 points), we have obtained the bounds of the arbitrary parameters by minimizing the χ2\chi^{2} test. The best-fit values of the parameters are obtained by 66%, 90% and 99% confidence levels. Next due to joint analysis with BAO and CMB observations, we have also obtained the bounds of the parameters (B,CB,C) by fixing some other parameters α\alpha and AA. From the best fit of distance modulus μ(z)\mu(z) for our theoretical MCG model in LQC, we concluded that our model is in agreement with the union2 sample data.Comment: 14 pages, 10 figures, Accepted in EPJC. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:astro-ph/0311622 by other author

    Interaction between Tachyon and Hessence (or Hantom) dark energies

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    In this paper, we have considered that the universe is filled with tachyon, hessence (or hantom) dark energies. Subsequently we have investigated the interactions between tachyon and hessence (hantom) dark energies and calculated the potentials considering the power law form of the scale factor. It has been revealed that the tachyonic potential always decreases and hessence (or hantom) potential increases with corresponding fields. Furthermore, we have considered a correspondence between the hessence (or hantom) dark energy density and new variable modified Chaplygin gas energy density. From this, we have found the expressions of the arbitrary positive constants B0 and C of new variable modified Chaplygin gas

    Expanding Universe: Thermodynamical Aspects From Different Models

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    The pivotal point of the paper is to discuss the behavior of temperature, pressure, energy density as a function of volume along with determination of caloric EoS from following two model: w(z)=w0+w1ln(1+z)w(z)=w_{0}+w_{1}\ln(1+z) & w(z)=1+(1+z)3A1+2A2(1+z)A0+2A1(1+z)+A2(1+z)2 w(z)=-1+\frac{(1+z)}{3}\frac{A_{1}+2A_{2}(1+z)}{A_{0}+2A_{1}(1+z)+A_{2}(1+z)^{2}}. The time scale of instability for this two models is discussed. In the paper we then generalize our result and arrive at general expression for energy density irrespective of the model. The thermodynamical stability for both of the model and the general case is discussed from this viewpoint. We also arrive at a condition on the limiting behavior of thermodynamic parameter to validate the third law of thermodynamics and interpret the general mathematical expression of integration constant U0U_{0} (what we get while integrating energy conservation equation) physically relating it to number of micro states. The constraint on the allowed values of the parameters of the models is discussed which ascertains stability of universe. The validity of thermodynamical laws within apparent and event horizon is discussed.Comment: 16 pages, 3 figures(Accepted for publication in "Astrophysics and Space Science"

    Bianchi Type V Viscous Fluid Cosmological Models in Presence of Decaying Vacuum Energy

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    Bianchi type V viscous fluid cosmological model for barotropic fluid distribution with varying cosmological term Λ\Lambda is investigated. We have examined a cosmological scenario proposing a variation law for Hubble parameter HH in the background of homogeneous, anisotropic Bianchi type V space-time. The model isotropizes asymptotically and the presence of shear viscosity accelerates the isotropization. The model describes a unified expansion history of the universe indicating initial decelerating expansion and late time accelerating phase. Cosmological consequences of the model are also discussed.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

    Variable Modified Chaplygin Gas in Anisotropic Universe with Kaluza-Klein Metric

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    In this work, we have consider Kaluza-Klein Cosmology for anisotropic universe where the universe is filled with variable modified chaplygin gas (VMCG). Here we find normal scalar field ϕ\phi and the self interacting potential V(ϕ)V(\phi) to describe the VMCG Cosmology. Also we graphically analyzed the geometrical parameters named {\it statefinder parameters} in anisotropic Kaluza-Klein model. Next, we consider a Kaluza-Klein model of interacting VMCG with dark matter in the Einstein gravity framework. Here we construct the three dimensional autonomous dynamical system of equations for this interacting model with the assumption that the dark energy and the dark matter are interact between them and for that we also choose the interaction term. We convert that interaction terms to its dimensionless form and perform stability analysis and solve them numerically. We obtain a stable scaling solution of the equations in Kaluza-Klein model and graphically represent solutions.Comment: 11 pages, 13 figure

    Statefinder Description in Generalized Holographic and Ricci Dark Energy Models

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    We have considered the generalized holographic and generalized Ricci dark energy models for acceleration of the universe. If the universe filled with only GHDE/GRDE the corresponding decel- eration parameter, EOS parameter and statefinder parameters have been calculated. Next we have considered that the mixture of GHDE/GRDE and dark matter in interacting and non-interacting situations. Also the mixture of GHDE/GRDE and generalized Chaplygin gas have been analyzed during evolution of the universe. The natures of above mentioned parameters have been investigated for interacting and non-interacting situations. Finally, it follows that the prescribed models derive the acceleration of the universe.Comment: 18 pages and 19 figure