22 research outputs found

    Q-phonon description of low lying 1^- two-phonon states in spherical nuclei

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    The properties of 1^-_1 two-phonon states and the characteristics of E1 transition probabilities between low-lying collective states in spherical nuclei are analysed within the Q-phonon approach to the description of collective states. Several relations between observables are obtained. Microscopic calculations of the E1 0^+_1 -> 1^-_1 transition matrix elements are performed on the basis of the RPA. A satisfactory description of the experimental data is obtained.Comment: 16 pages, 2 figures, 9 table

    On neutron number dependence of B(E1;0+ --> 1-) reduced transition probability

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    A neutron number dependence of the E1 0+ --> 1- reduced transition probability in spherical even--even nuclei is analysed within the Q--phonon approach in the fermionic space to describe the structure of collective states. Microscopic calculations of the E1 0+ --> 1- transition matrix elements are carried out for the Xe isotopes based on the RPA for the ground state wave function. A satisfactory description of the experimental data is obtained.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

    High-resolution study of 0+ and 2+ excitations in 168Er with the (p,t) reaction

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    Excited states in the deformed nucleus 168Er have been studied with high-energy resolution, in the (p, t ) reaction, with the Munich Q3D spectrograph. A number of 25 excited 0+ states (four tentative) and 63 2+ states have been assigned up to 4.0 MeV excitation energy. This unusually rich characterization of the 0+ and 2+ states in a deformed nucleus, close to a complete level scheme, offers a unique opportunity to check, in detail, models of nuclear structure that incorporate many excitation modes. A comparison of the experimental data is made with two such models: the quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM), and the projected shell model (PSM). The PSM wave functions appear to contain fewer correlations than those of the QPM and than required by the data

    Spectroscopy of 230Th in the (p,t) reaction

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    The excitation spectra in the deformed nucleus 230Th were studied by means of the (p,t) reaction, using the Q3D spectrograph facility at the Munich Tandem accelerator. The angular distributions of tritons are measured for about 200 excitations seen in the triton spectra up to 3.3 MeV. Firm 0+ assignments are made for 16 excited states by comparison of experimental angular distributions with the calculated ones using the CHUCK code. Additional assignments are possible: relatively firm for 4 states and tentative also for 4 states. Assignments up to spin 6+6^+ are made for other states. Sequences of the states are selected which can be treated as rotational bands and as multiplets of excitations. Experimental data are compared with interacting boson model IBM) and quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM) calculations.Comment: 35 pages in PDF, 14 figures in text and 8 figures in appendix Extended version of the paper published in Phys.Re

    Coriolis mixing of the K=1 and K=0 mixed symmetry states in the well deformed even-even nuclei

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    The Coriolis matrix elements responsible for mixing of the 1+K=11^+ K=1 and 1+K=01^+ K=0 states are calculated in the framework of the Quasiparticle Phonon Model for several Gd and Dy isotopes. In many considered cases these matrix elements are equal to several tens of keV and are comparable with energy distances between the mixed levels. The results obtained indicates that Gd isotopes could be more suitable for finding deviations from Alaga rules in M1 transitions from 1+1^+ state to the states of the ground band.Comment: 8 page