778 research outputs found

    Phase Diagram for Ultracold Bosons in Optical Lattices and Superlattices

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    We present an analytic description of the finite-temperature phase diagram of the Bose-Hubbard model, successfully describing the physics of cold bosonic atoms trapped in optical lattices and superlattices. Based on a standard statistical mechanics approach, we provide the exact expression for the boundary between the superfluid and the normal fluid by solving the self-consistency equations involved in the mean-field approximation to the Bose-Hubbard model. The zero-temperature limit of such result supplies an analytic expression for the Mott lobes of superlattices, characterized by a critical fractional filling.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Influence of copper on the electronic properties of amorphous chalcogenides

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    We have studied the influence of alloying copper with amorphous arsenic sulfide on the electronic properties of this material. In our computer-generated models, copper is found in two-fold near-linear and four-fold square-planar configurations, which apparently correspond to Cu(I) and Cu(II) oxidation states. The number of overcoordinated atoms, both arsenic and sulfur, grows with increasing concentration of copper. Overcoordinated sulfur is found in trigonal planar configuration, and overcoordinated (four-fold) arsenic is in tetrahedral configuration. Addition of copper suppresses the localization of lone-pair electrons on chalcogen atoms, and localized states at the top of the valence band are due to Cu 3d orbitals. Evidently, these additional Cu states, which are positioned at the same energies as the states due to ([As4]-)-([S_3]+) pairs, are responsible for masking photodarkening in Cu chalcogenides

    Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the square lattice for S>=1

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    Theoretical predictions of a semiclassical method - the pure-quantum self-consistent harmonic approximation - for the correlation length and staggered susceptibility of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the square lattice (2DQHAF) agree very well with recent quantum Monte Carlo data for S=1, as well as with experimental data for the S=5/2 compounds Rb2MnF4 and KFeF4. The theory is parameter-free and can be used to estimate the exchange coupling: for KFeF4 we find J=2.33 +- 0.33 meV, matching with previous determinations. On this basis, the adequacy of the quantum nonlinear sigma model approach in describing the 2DQHAF when S>=1 is discussed.Comment: 4 pages RevTeX file with 5 figures included by psfi

    Finite temperature strong-coupling expansions for the Kondo lattice model

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    Strong-coupling expansions, to order (t/J)8(t/J)^8, are derived for the Kondo lattice model of strongly correlated electrons, in 1-, 2- and 3- dimensions at arbitrary temperature. Results are presented for the specific heat, and spin and charge susceptibilities.Comment: revtex

    Spin correlations in an isotropic spin-5/2 two-dimensional antiferromagnet

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    We report a neutron scattering study of the spin correlations for the spin 5/2, two-dimensional antiferromagnet Rb_2MnF_4 in an external magnetic field. Choosing fields near the system's bicritical point, we tune the effective anisotropy in the spin interaction to zero, constructing an ideal S=5/2 Heisenberg system. The correlation length and structure factor amplitude are closely described by the semiclassical theory of Cuccoli et al. over a broad temperature range but show no indication of approaching the low-temperature renormalized classical regime of the quantum non-linear sigma model.Comment: 4 pages, 3 EPS figure

    Quantum phase transitions in the Triangular-lattice Bilayer Heisenberg Model

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    We study the triangular lattice bilayer Heisenberg model with antiferromagnetic interplane coupling JJ_\perp and nearest neighbour intraplane coupling J=λJJ= \lambda J_\perp, which can be ferro- or antiferromagnetic, by expansions in λ\lambda. For negative λ\lambda a phase transition is found to an ordered phase at a critical λc=0.2636±0.0001\lambda_c=-0.2636 \pm 0.0001 which is in the 3D classical Heisenberg universality class. For λ>0\lambda>0, we find a transition at a rather large λc1.2\lambda_c\approx 1.2. The universality class of the transition is consistent with that of Kawamura's 3D antiferromagnetic stacked triangular lattice. The spectral weight for the triplet excitations, at the ordering wavevector, remains finite at the transition, suggesting that a phase with free spinons does not exist in this model.Comment: revtex, 4 pages, 3 figure

    Ground State and Elementary Excitations of the S=1 Kagome Heisenberg Antiferromagnet

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    Low energy spectrum of the S=1 kagom\'e Heisenberg antiferromagnet (KHAF) is studied by means of exact diagonalization and the cluster expansion. The magnitude of the energy gap of the magnetic excitation is consistent with the recent experimental observation for \mpynn. In contrast to the S=1/2S=1/2 KHAF, the non-magnetic excitations have finite energy gap comparable to the magnetic excitation. As a physical picture of the ground state, the hexagon singlet solid state is proposed and verified by variational analysis.Comment: 5 pages, 7 eps figures, 2 tables, Fig. 4 correcte

    Various series expansions for a Heisenberg antiferromagnet model for SrCu2_2(BO3_3)2_2

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    We use a variety of series expansion methods at both zero and finite temperature to study an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin model proposed recently by Miyahara and Ueda for the quasi two-dimensional material SrCu2_2(BO3_3)2_2. We confirm that this model exhibits a first-order quantum phase transition at T=0 between a gapped dimer phase and a gapless N\'eel phase when the ratio x=J/Jx=J'/J of nearest and next-nearest neighbour interactions is varied, and locate the transition at xc=0.691(6)x_c=0.691(6). Using longer series we are able to give more accurate estimates of the model parameters by fitting to the high temperature susceptibility data.Comment: RevTeX, 13 figure

    Spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Antiferromagnet on the Kagome Lattice: High Temperature Expansion and Exact Diagonalisation Studies

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    For the spin-12\frac{1}{2} Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the Kagom\'e lattice we calculate the high temperature series for the specific heat and the structure factor. A comparison of the series with exact diagonalisation studies shows that the specific heat has further structure at lower temperature in addition to a high temperature peak at T2/3T\approx 2/3. At T=0.25T=0.25 the structure factor agrees quite well with results for the ground state of a finite cluster with 36 sites. At this temperature the structure factor is less than two times its T=T=\infty value and depends only weakly on the wavevector q\bf q, indicating the absence of magnetic order and a correlation length of less than one lattice spacing. The uniform susceptibility has a maximum at T1/6T\approx 1/6 and vanishes exponentially for lower temperatures.Comment: 15 pages + 5 figures, revtex, 26.04.9