1,754 research outputs found

    Scaling and diffusion of Dirac composite fermions

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    We study the effects of quenched disorder and a dissipative Coulomb interaction on an anyon gas in a periodic potential undergoing a quantum phase transition. We use a (2+1)−dimensional low-energy effective description that involves Nf=1 Dirac fermion coupled to a U(1) Chern-Simons gauge field at level (θ−1/2). When θ=1/2 the anyons are free Dirac fermions that exhibit an integer quantum Hall transition; when θ=1 the anyons are bosons undergoing a superconductor-insulator transition in the universality class of the three-dimensional XY model. Using the large Nf approximation we perform a renormalization-group analysis. We find the Coulomb interaction to be an irrelevant perturbation of the clean fixed point for any θ. The dissipative Coulomb interaction allows for two classes of IR stable fixed points in the presence of disorder: those with a finite nonzero Coulomb coupling and dynamical critical exponent z=1 and those with an effectively infinite Coulomb coupling and 1<z<2. At θ=1/2 the clean fixed point is stable to charge-conjugation preserving (random mass) disorder, while a line of diffusive fixed points is obtained when the product of charge-conjugation and time-reversal symmetries is preserved. At θ=1 we find a finite disorder fixed point with unbroken charge-conjugation symmetry whether or not the Coulomb interaction is present. Other cases result in runaway flows. We comment on the relation of our results to other theoretical studies and the relevancy to experiment

    The Partially-Split Hall Bar: Tunneling in the Bosonic Integer Quantum Hall Effect

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    We study point-contact tunneling in the integer quantum Hall state of bosons. This symmetry-protected topological state has electrical Hall conductivity equal to 2e2/h2 e^2/h and vanishing thermal Hall conductivity. In contrast to the integer quantum Hall state of fermions, a point contact can have a dramatic effect on the low energy physics. In the absence of disorder, a point contact generically leads to a partially-split Hall bar geometry. We describe the resulting intermediate fixed point via the two-terminal electrical (Hall) conductance of the edge modes. Disorder along the edge, however, both restores the universality of the two-terminal conductance and helps preserve the integrity of the Hall bar within the relevant parameter regime.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures; v.2: typos fixed and clarified some argument

    An Isotropic to Anisotropic Transition in a Fractional Quantum Hall State

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    We study a novel abelian gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions which has surprising theoretical and phenomenological features. The theory has a vanishing coefficient for the square of the electric field ei2e_i^2, characteristic of a quantum critical point with dynamical critical exponent z=2z=2, and a level-kk Chern-Simons coupling, which is {\it marginal} at this critical point. For k=0k=0, this theory is dual to a free z=2z=2 scalar field theory describing a quantum Lifshitz transition, but k0k \neq 0 renders the scalar description non-local. The k0k \neq 0 theory exhibits properties intermediate between the (topological) pure Chern-Simons theory and the scalar theory. For instance, the Chern-Simons term does not make the gauge field massive. Nevertheless, there are chiral edge modes when the theory is placed on a space with boundary, and a non-trivial ground state degeneracy kgk^g when it is placed on a finite-size Riemann surface of genus gg. The coefficient of ei2e_i^2 is the only relevant coupling; it tunes the system through a quantum phase transition between an isotropic fractional quantum Hall state and an anisotropic fractional quantum Hall state. We compute zero-temperature transport coefficients in both phases and at the critical point, and comment briefly on the relevance of our results to recent experiments.Comment: 29 pages, 1 figur

    Interactions and the Theta Term in One-Dimensional Gapped Systems

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    We study how the \theta -term is affected by interactions in certain one-dimensional gapped systems that preserve charge-conjugation, parity, and time-reversal invariance. We exploit the relation between the chiral anomaly of a fermionic system and the classical shift symmetry of its bosonized dual. The vacuum expectation value of the dual boson is identified with the value of the \theta -term for the corresponding fermionic system. Two (related) examples illustrate the identification. We first consider the massive Luttinger liquid and find the \theta -term to be insensitive to the strength of the interaction. Next, we study the continuum limit of the Heisenberg XXZ spin-1/2 chain, perturbed by a second nearest-neighbor spin interaction. For a certain range of the XXZ anisotropy, we find that we can tune between two distinct sets of topological phases by varying the second nearest-neighbor coupling. In the first, we find the standard vacua at \theta = 0, \pi, while the second contains vacua that spontaneously break charge-conjugation and parity with fractional \theta / \pi = 1/ 2, 3/2. We also study quantized pumping in both examples following recent work.Comment: 17 pages, harvmac; v.2 typo corrected and slight re-wording