907 research outputs found

    Hitting properties of a random string

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    We consider Funaki's model of a random string taking values in R^d. It is specified by the following stochastic PDE, du = u_{xx} + W, where W=W(x,t) is two-parameter white noise, also taking values in R^d. We study hitting properties, double points, and recurrence. The main difficulty is that the process has the Markov property in time, but not in space. We find: (1) The string hits points if d<6. (2) For fixed t, there are points x,y such that u(t,x)=u(t,y) iff d < 4. (3) There exist points t,x,y such that u(t,x)=u(t,y) iff d < 8. (4) There exist points s,t,x,y such that u(t,x)=u(s,y) iff d < 12. (5) The string is recurrent iff d < 7

    Solutions of semilinear wave equation via stochastic cascades

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    We introduce a probabilistic representation for solutions of quasilinear wave equation with analytic nonlinearities. We use stochastic cascades to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution

    Super-Brownian motion with extra birth at one point

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    A super-Brownian motion in two and three dimensions is constructed where "particles" give birth at a higher rate, if they approach the origin. Via a log-Laplace approach, the construction is based on Albeverio et al. (1995) who calculated the fundamental solutions of the heat equation with one-point potential in dimensions less than four

    Regularity of the density for the stochastic heat equation

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    We study the smoothness of the density of a semilinear heat equation with multiplicative spacetime white noise. Using Malliavin calculus, we reduce the problem to a question of negative moments of solutions of a linear heat equation with multiplicative white noise. Then we settle this question by proving that solutions to the linear equation have negative moments of all orders

    Some non-linear s.p.d.e.'s that are second order in time

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    We extend Walsh's theory of martingale measures in order to deal with hyperbolic stochastic partial differential equations that are second order in time, such as the wave equation and the beam equation, and driven by spatially homogeneous Gaussian noise. For such equations, the fundamental solution can be a distribution in the sense of Schwartz, which appears as an integrand in the reformulation of the s.p.d.e. as a stochastic integral equation. Our approach provides an alternative to the Hilbert space integrals of Hilbert-Schmidt operators. We give several examples, including the beam equation and the wave equation, with nonlinear multiplicative noise terms

    Multiple points of the Brownian sheet in critical dimensions

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    It is well known that an NN-parameter dd-dimensional Brownian sheet has no kk-multiple points when (k1)d>2kN(k-1)d>2kN, and does have such points when (k1)d<2kN(k-1)d<2kN. We complete the study of the existence of kk-multiple points by showing that in the critical cases where (k1)d=2kN(k-1)d=2kN, there are a.s. no kk-multiple points.Comment: Published at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/14-AOP912 in the Annals of Probability (http://www.imstat.org/aop/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

    Some properties for superprocess under a stochastic flow

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    For a superprocess under a stochastic flow, we prove that it has a density with respect to the Lebesgue measure for d=1 and is singular for d>1. For d=1, a stochastic partial differential equation is derived for the density. The regularity of the solution is then proved by using Krylov's L_p-theory for linear SPDE. A snake representation for this superprocess is established. As applications of this representation, we prove the compact support property for general d and singularity of the process when d>1
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