847 research outputs found

    Influence of the sample geometry on the vortex matter in superconducting microstructures

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    The dependence of the vortex penetration and expulsion on the geometry of mesoscopic superconductors is reported. Hall magnetometry measurements were performed on a superconducting Al square and triangle. The stability of the vortex patterns imposed by the sample geometry is discussed. The field-temperature HTH-T diagram has been reconstructed showing the transitions between states with different vorticity. We have found that the vortex penetration is only weakly affected by the vortex configuration inside the sample while the expulsion is strongly controlled by the stability of the vortex patterns. A qualitative explanation for this observation is given.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Flux Confinement in Mesoscopic Superconductors

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    We report on flux confinement effects in superconducting submicron line, loop and dot structures. The main idea of our study was to vary the boundary conditions for confinement of the superconducting condensate by taking samples of different topology and, through that, modifying the lowest Landau level E_{LLL}(H). Since the critical temperature versus applied magnetic field T_{c}(H) is, in fact, E_{LLL}(H) measured in temperature units, it is varied as well when the sample topology is changed. We demonstrate that in all studied submicron structures the shape of the T_{c}(H) phase boundary is determined by the confinement topology in a unique way.Comment: 10 pages, 5 EPS figures, uses LaTeX's sup.sty, contribution to a special issue of "Superlattices and Microstructures

    Tunable Field Induced Superconductivity

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    We investigate the transport properties of a thin superconducting Al layer covering a square array of magnetic dots with out-of-plane magnetization. A thorough characterization of the magnetic properties of the dots allowed us to fine-tune their magnetic state at will, hereby changing the influence of the dots on the superconductor in a continuous way. We show that even though the number of vortex-antivortex pairs discretely increases with increasing the magnetization of the dots, no corresponding discontinuity is observed in the resistance of the sample. The evolution of the superconducting phase boundary as the magnetic state of the dots is swept permits one to devise a fully controllable and erasable field induced superconductor

    Magnetic-field dependence of the spin states of the negatively charged exciton in GaAs quantum wells

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    We present high-field (<50 T) photoluminescence measurements of the binding energy of the singlet and triplet states of the negatively charged exciton in a 200-Angstrom quantum well. Comparing our data with those of other groups and with theoretical predictions we clearly show how the singlet, "bright" and "dark" triplet states may be identified according to the high-field dependence of their binding energies. We demonstrate that a very consistent behavior of the binding energy in a magnetic field has been observed in quantum wells of different widths by different groups and conclude that the triplet state found in this, as well as nearly all other experiments, is undoubtedly the bright triplet. By combining our data with that in the literature we are able to present the generic form of the binding energy of the spin states of the charged exciton in a magnetic field, which reveals the predicted singlet to dark triplet ground state transition at about 20 T

    Resistive switching in ultra-thin La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 / SrRuO3 superlattices

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    Superlattices may play an important role in next generation electronic and spintronic devices if the key-challenge of the reading and writing data can be solved. This challenge emerges from the coupling of low dimensional individual layers with macroscopic world. Here we report the study of the resistive switching characteristics of a of hybrid structure made out of a superlattice with ultrathin layers of two ferromagnetic metallic oxides, La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) and SrRuO3 (SRO). Bipolar resistive switching memory effects are measured on these LSMO/SRO superlattices, and the observed switching is explainable by ohmic and space charge-limited conduction laws. It is evident from the endurance characteristics that the on/off memory window of the cell is greater than 14, which indicates that this cell can reliably distinguish the stored information between high and low resistance states. The findings may pave a way to the construction of devices based on nonvolatile resistive memory effects

    Magnetophotoluminescence of negatively charged excitons in narrow quantum wells

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    We present the results of photoluminescence experiments on the negatively charged exciton X- in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum wells (QW) in high magnetic fields (≤50 T). Three different QW widths are used here: 100, 120, and 150 Å. All optically allowed transitions of X- are observed, enabling us to experimentally verify its energy-level diagram. All samples behave consistently with this diagram. We have determined the binding energy Eb of the singlet and triplet state of X- between 23 and 50 T for the 120 and 150 Å QW, while only the triplet Eb is observed for the 100 Å QW. A detailed comparison with recent theoretical calculations shows an agreement for all samples across this entire field range