8,094 research outputs found

    Length and time scale divergences at the magnetization-reversal transition in the Ising model

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    The divergences of both the length and time scales, at the magnetization- reversal transition in Ising model under a pulsed field, have been studied in the linearized limit of the mean field theory. Both length and time scales are shown to diverge at the transition point and it has been checked that the nature of the time scale divergence agrees well with the result obtained from the numerical solution of the mean field equation of motion. Similar growths in length and time scales are also observed, as one approaches the transition point, using Monte Carlo simulations. However, these are not of the same nature as the mean field case. Nucleation theory provides a qualitative argument which explains the nature of the time scale growth. To study the nature of growth of the characteristic length scale, we have looked at the cluster size distribution of the reversed spin domains and defined a pseudo-correlation length which has been observed to grow at the phase boundary of the transition.Comment: 9 pages Latex, 3 postscript figure

    An Efficient Analytical Solution to Thwart DDoS Attacks in Public Domain

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    In this paper, an analytical model for DDoS attacks detection is proposed, in which propagation of abrupt traffic changes inside public domain is monitored to detect a wide range of DDoS attacks. Although, various statistical measures can be used to construct profile of the traffic normally seen in the network to identify anomalies whenever traffic goes out of profile, we have selected volume and flow measure. Consideration of varying tolerance factors make proposed detection system scalable to the varying network conditions and attack loads in real time. NS-2 network simulator on Linux platform is used as simulation testbed. Simulation results show that our proposed solution gives a drastic improvement in terms of detection rate and false positive rate. However, the mammoth volume generated by DDoS attacks pose the biggest challenge in terms of memory and computational overheads as far as monitoring and analysis of traffic at single point connecting victim is concerned. To address this problem, a distributed cooperative technique is proposed that distributes memory and computational overheads to all edge routers for detecting a wide range of DDoS attacks at early stage.Comment: arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1203.240

    Updates in metabolomics tools and resources: 2014-2015

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    Data processing and interpretation represent the most challenging and time-consuming steps in high-throughput metabolomic experiments, regardless of the analytical platforms (MS or NMR spectroscopy based) used for data acquisition. Improved machinery in metabolomics generates increasingly complex datasets that create the need for more and better processing and analysis software and in silico approaches to understand the resulting data. However, a comprehensive source of information describing the utility of the most recently developed and released metabolomics resources—in the form of tools, software, and databases—is currently lacking. Thus, here we provide an overview of freely-available, and open-source, tools, algorithms, and frameworks to make both upcoming and established metabolomics researchers aware of the recent developments in an attempt to advance and facilitate data processing workflows in their metabolomics research. The major topics include tools and researches for data processing, data annotation, and data visualization in MS and NMR-based metabolomics. Most in this review described tools are dedicated to untargeted metabolomics workflows; however, some more specialist tools are described as well. All tools and resources described including their analytical and computational platform dependencies are summarized in an overview Table

    A Possible Nanometer-scale Computing Device Based on an Adding Cellular Automaton

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    We present a simple one-dimensional Cellular Automaton (CA) which has the property that an initial state composed of two binary numbers evolves quickly into a final state which is their sum. We call this CA the Adding Cellular Automaton (ACA). The ACA requires only 2N two-state cells in order to add any two N-1 bit binary numbers. The ACA could be directly realized as a wireless nanometer-scale computing device - a possible implementation using coupled quantum dots is outlined.Comment: 8 pages, RevTex, 3 Postscript figures. This version to appear in App. Phys. Let

    Nucleation theory and the phase diagram of the magnetization-reversal transition

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    The phase diagram of the dynamic magnetization-reversal transition in pure Ising systems under a pulsed field competing with the existing order can be explained satisfactorily using the classical nucleation theory. Indications of single-domain and multi-domain nucleation and of the corresponding changes in the nucleation rates are clearly observed. The nature of the second time scale of relaxation, apart from the field driven nucleation time, and the origin of its unusual large values at the phase boundary are explained from the disappearing tendency of kinks on the domain wall surfaces after the withdrawal of the pulse. The possibility of scaling behaviour in the multi-domain regime is identified and compared with the earlier observations.Comment: 10 pages Latex, 4 Postscript figure

    Invisibly decaying Higgs boson in the Littlest Higgs model with T-parity

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    We show that there are regions in the parameter space of the Littlest Higgs model with T-parity, allowed by electroweak precision data, where the Higgs boson can decay invisibly into a pair of heavy photons A_H with a substantial branching ratio. For a symmetry breaking scale f in the range 450-600 GeV, the BR(H -> A_H A_H) can be up to 95% for an intermediate mass Higgs, and from 20% down to a few percents for a Higgs boson of mass 200 GeV or above. The total decay width of the Higgs boson can thereby be enhanced by an order of magnitude compared to the Standard Model for Higgs masses around 130 GeV.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, Latex (stylefiles included); Talk presented by A.N. at the International Workshop on Theoretical High Energy Physics (IWTHEP 2007), Roorkee, India, 15-20 March 2007, to appear in the proceeding
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