9,009 research outputs found

### High performance millimeter-wave microstrip circulators and isolators

Millimeter wave systems, phased array antennas, and high performance components all require wideband circulators (and isolators) to perform diplexing and switching, to improve isolation and Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR), and to construct IMPATT diode reflection amplifiers. Presently, most of the millimeter-wave circulators and isolators are available in the configurations of waveguide or stripline, both of which suffer from the shortcomings of bulky size/weight, narrow bandwidth, and poor compatibility with monolithic millimeter-wave integrated circuits (MMIC). MMW microstrip circulators/isolators can eliminate or improve these shortcomings. Stub-tuned microstrip circulator configuration were developed utilizing the electromagnetic fields perturbation technique, the adhesion problems of microstrip metallization on new ferrite substrate were overcome, the fabrication, assembly, packaging techniques were improved, and then successfully designed, fabricated a Ka band circulator which has isolation and return loss of greater than 16dB, insertion loss less than 0.7dB. To assess the steady and reliable performance of the circulator, a temperature cycling test was done over the range of -20 to +50 C for 3 continuous cycles and found no significant impact or variation of circulator performance

### Asymptotic distributions of the signal-to-interference ratios of LMMSE detection in multiuser communications

Let ${\mathbf{s}}_k=\frac{1}{\sqrt{N}}(v_{1k},...,v_{Nk})^T,$ $k=1,...,K$,
where $\{v_{ik},i,k$ $=1,...\}$ are independent and identically distributed
random variables with $Ev_{11}=0$ and $Ev_{11}^2=1$. Let
${\mathbf{S}}_k=({\mathbf{s}}_1,...,{\mathbf{s}}_{k-1},$
${\mathbf{s}}_{k+1},...,{\mathbf{s}}_K)$, ${\mathbf{P}}_k=\operatorname
{diag}(p_1,...,$ $p_{k-1},p_{k+1},...,p_K)$ and
\beta_k=p_k{\mathbf{s}}_k^T({\mathb
f{S}}_k{\mathbf{P}}_k{\mathbf{S}}_k^T+\sigma^2{\mathbf{I}})^{-1}{\math
bf{s}}_k, where $p_k\geq 0$ and the $\beta_k$ is referred to as the
signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) of user $k$ with linear minimum mean-square
error (LMMSE) detection in wireless communications. The joint distribution of
the SIRs for a finite number of users and the empirical distribution of all
users' SIRs are both investigated in this paper when $K$ and $N$ tend to
infinity with the limit of their ratio being positive constant. Moreover, the
sum of the SIRs of all users, after subtracting a proper value, is shown to
have a Gaussian limit.Comment: Published at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/105051606000000718 in the
Annals of Applied Probability (http://www.imstat.org/aap/) by the Institute
of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

### The Harbin Jewish Community and the Regional Conflicts of Northeast China, 1903-1963

This study examines the historical development of the Harbin Jewish community in Northeast China from its beginning in the early 1900s to its end in the 1960s. Scholars seldom pay enough attention to the Harbin Jewish community, the largest and most influential Jewish community in Asia. This study aims to fill this significant geopolitical gap of the history of Jews in the East.
I develop two major narrative strategies in locating the Harbin Jewish Community in its historical map: (1) chronologically intertwining the development of the Harbin Jewish community within the local history of Harbin, by examining the relations between the Harbin Jewish community and its changing governors, namely, the Russian, Chinese, and Japanese policies towards the Jews; (2) investigating in parallel the contacts between the Harbin Jewish community with its contemporary Jewish communities in Shanghai, Europe and the United States, especially during the globally influential World War I and World War II period.
This study challenges the argument that the Chinese and the Jews did not cross paths in these important historical events mentioned above. By tracing the history of the Harbin Jewish community, this study demonstrates that Jewish experience in China must be perceived as a whole and the survival of the Jewish refugees in Shanghai during the Holocaust in WWII should be put into its historical context rather than a single historical accident. The Harbin Jewish community thereby has an enduring legacy in the reconstruction of postmodern historiography and international relationships

### Demailly-Lelong numbers on complex spaces

We establish a pointwise comparison of two notions of Lelong numbers of
plurisubharmonic functions defined on singular complex spaces. This shows a
conjecture proposed by Berman-Boucksom-Eyssidieux-Guedj-Zeriahi, affirming that
the Demailly-Lelong number can be determined through a combination of
intersection numbers given by the divisorial part of the potential and the SNC
divisors over a log resolution of the maximal ideal of a given point. We also
provide an estimate for quotient singularities and sharp estimates for
two-dimensional ADE singularities.Comment: 15 page

### Ks, Lambda and Xi production at intermediate to high pT from Au+Au collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 39, 11.5 and 7.7 GeV

We report on the pT dependence of nuclear modification factors ($R_{CP}$) for
Ks, Lambda, Xi and the Anti-Lambda/Ks ratios at mid-rapidity from Au+Au
collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 39, 11.5 and 7.7 GeV. At \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 39 GeV,
the $R_{CP}$ data shows a baryon/meson separation at intermediate pT and a
suppression for Ks for pT up to 4.5 GeV/$c$; the Anti-Lambda/Ks shows baryon
enhancement in the most central collisions. However, at \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 11.5
and 7.7 GeV, $R_{CP}$ shows much less baryon/meson separation and
Anti-Lambda/Ks shows almost no baryon enhancement. These observations indicate
that the matter created in Au+Au collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 11.5 or 7.7 GeV
might be distinct from that created at \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 39 GeV.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, to appear in the proceedings of 7th International
Workshop on Critical Point and Onset of Deconfinement (CPOD2011), Wuhan,
China, Nov. 7-11, 201

- …