2,351 research outputs found

### Measuring CP violation by low-energy medium-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments

In this talk we discuss the possibility to measure CP violation in neutrino
oscillation experiments using the neutrino beam with energy which is lower
(E_\nu \gsim 100 MeV) than the one usually considered (typically > 1 GeV) in
accelerator experiments. The advantage of using such lower energy neutrino beam
is that despite the smaller detection cross sections, the effect of CP
violation is larger and the optimal length of baseline can be rather short,
30-50 km, being free from matter effect contamination.Comment: 5 pages with 2 postscript figures, uses espcrc2.sty, Talk presented
by H. Nunokawa at ``NuFact'00'' workshop, Monterey, CA, USA, May 22-26, 200

### CP Trajectory Diagram; A tool for pictorial representation of CP and matter effects in neutrino oscillations

We introduce "CP trajectory diagram in bi-probability space" as a powerful
tool for pictorial representation of the genuine CP and the matter effects in
neutrino oscillations. Existence of the correlated ambiguity in a determination
of CP violating phase \delta and the sign of \Delta m^2_{13} is uncovered.
Principles of tuning beam energy for a given baseline distance are proposed to
resolve the ambiguity and to maximize the CP-odd effect. We finally point out,
quite contrary to what is usually believed, that the ambiguity may be resolved
with 50 % chance in the super-JHF experiment despite its relatively short
baseline of 300 km.Comment: 6 pages with 2 postscript figures. Talk presented at The 3rd
International Workshop on Neutrino Factories Based on Muon Storage Rings
(NuFACT01), Tsukuba, Japan, May 24-30, 200

### How to Measure CP Violation in Neutrino Oscillation Experiments?

We propose a new method for measuring CP violation in neutrino oscillation
experiments. The idea is to isolate the term due to the CP-violating phase out
of the oscillation probability by taking difference between yields of two (or
three) detectors at path-lengths $L = 250 (\frac{E}{1.35 {GeV}}) (\frac{\Delta
m^2}{10^{-2}{eV}^2})^{-1} {km}$ and at $L/3$ (and also at $2L/3$ in the case of
three detectors). We use possible hierarchies in neutrino masses suggested by
the astrophysical and the cosmological observations to motivate the idea and to
examine how the method works.Comment: RevTex, 17 pages including 4 ps figure

### Method for Determination of $|U_{e3}|$ in Neutrino Oscillation Appearance Experiments

We point out that determination of the MNS matrix element |U_{e3}| = s_{13}
in long-baseline \nu_{\mu} \to \nu_e neutrino oscillation experiments suffers
from large intrinsic uncertainty due to the unknown CP violating phase \delta
and sign of \Delta m^2_{13}. We propose a new strategy for accurate
determination of $\theta_{13}$; tune the beam energy at the oscillation maximum
and do the measurement both in neutrino and antineutrino channels. We show that
it automatically resolves the problem of parameter ambiguities which involves
\delta, \theta_{13}, and the sign of \Delta m^2_{13}.Comment: 15 pages, 3 figures, minor corrections, final version to appear in
PL

### An Effective Two-Flavor Approximation for Neutrino Survival Probabilities in Matter

It is known in vacuum that the three-flavor neutrino survival probability can
be approximated by the effective two-flavor form to first orders in $\epsilon
\equiv \Delta m^2_{21} / \Delta m^2_{31}$, with introduction of the effective
$\Delta m^2_{\alpha \alpha}$ ($\alpha = e, \mu, \tau$), in regions of neutrino
energy $E$ and baseline $L$ such that $\Delta m^2_{31} L / 2E \sim \pi$. Here,
we investigate the question of whether the similar effective two-flavor
approximation can be formulated for the survival probability in matter. Using a
perturbative framework with the expansion parameters $\epsilon$ and $s_{13}
\propto \sqrt{\epsilon}$, we give an affirmative answer to this question and
the resultant two-flavor form of the probability is valid to order $\epsilon$.
However, we observe a contrived feature of the effective $\Delta m^2_{\alpha
\alpha} (a)$ in matter. It ceases to be a combination of the fundamental
parameters and has energy dependence, which may be legitimate because it comes
from the matter potential. But, it turned out that $\Delta m^2_{\mu \mu} (a)$
becomes $L$-dependent, though $\Delta m^2_{ee} (a)$ is not, which casts doubt
on adequacy of the concept of effective $\Delta m^2$ in matter. We also find
that the appearance probability in vacuum admits, to order $\epsilon$, the
similar effective two-flavor form with a slightly different effective $\Delta
m^2_{\beta \alpha}$ from the disappearance channel. A general result is derived
to describe suppression of the matter effect in the oscillation probability.Comment: Discussion on appearance effective $\Delta m^2$ added. Version to
appear in JHEP. 26 pages, 3 figure

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