5 research outputs found

    Novel anthraquinone based chalcone analogues containing an imine fragment: Synthesis, cytotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity

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    A new class of imine derivatives of hybrid chalcone analogues containing anthraquinone scaffold was synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against HeLa, LS174, and A549 cancer cells. The compound 5n with furan ring linked to imino group showed potent activity against all target cells with IC50 values ranging from 1.76 to 6.11 mu M. A mode of action study suggested that compounds induced changes typical for apoptosis in HeLa cells. The most active compounds inhibited tubulogenesis and 5h was found to exhibit a strong anti-angiogenic effect

    Transition metal complexes with pyrazole based ligands, part 27: Structural and thermal characterization of cobalt(II) halide and pseudohalide complexes with 4-acetyl-3-amino-5-methylpyrazole

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    The crystal and molecular structures of four tetrahedral structurally similar [Co(aamp)(2)X-2] complexes (aamp = 4-acetyl-3-amino-5-methylpyrazole, X = Cl, Br, I and NCS) were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis and are discussed in detail. It was found that the different capacity of the ligand X (NCS vs. Cl, Br, I) for the formation of non-bonding contacts influence the mode of molecular association in the solid state. The complexes were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy. The first step of the thermal decomposition of the compounds was checked and is discussed in the view of the IR spectrum of the intermediate isolated from [Co(aamp)(2)Br-2] by the quasi-isothermal technique

    Novel 1,3,4-thiadiazole-chalcone hybrids containing catechol moiety: synthesis, antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity and DNA interaction studies

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    Hybrid compounds that combine the 1,3,4-thiadiazole-containing catechol moiety with a chalcone motif were synthesized and examined for their antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity, and DNA-binding activity. A series of thirteen compounds showed strong antioxidant and cytotoxic effects on human acute promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Several compounds exerted good cytotoxic activities on cervical adenocarcinoma HeLa cells. The treatment of HeLa cells with IC50 and double IC50 concentrations of the compounds 5a, 5c, 5f, and 5m induced a statistically significant increase in the percentage of cells within a subG1 cell cycle phase. The examined compounds caused G2/M cell cycle arrest in HeLa cells. Each of these compounds triggered apoptosis in HeLa cells through activation of caspase-3, the main effector caspase, caspase-8, which is involved in the extrinsic apoptotic pathway, and caspase-9, which is involved in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. All of the examined compounds decreased the expression levels of MMP2 in HeLa cells and levels of protumorigenic miR-133b. Compounds 5a and 5m lowered the expression level of oncogenic miR-21 in HeLa cells. In addition, compounds 5a, 5f, and 5m decreased the expression levels of oncogenic miR-155 while the treatment of HeLa cells with compounds 5a, 5c, and 5f increased expression of tumor-suppressive miR-206. Observed effects of these compounds on expression levels of four examined miRNAs suggest their prominent cancer-suppressive activity. An investigation by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy showed more efficient calf thymus DNA binding activity of the compound 5m in comparison to other tested compounds. Results of a pUC19 plasmid cleavage study and comet assay showed DNA damaging activities of compounds 5a and 5c.The peer-reviewed version: [http://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3136]Supplementary information: [https://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/4534

    Anthraquinone-chalcone hybrids: Synthesis, preliminary antiproliferative evaluation and DNA-interaction studies

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    Novel anthraquinone based chalcone compounds were synthesized starting from 1-acetylanthraquinone in a Claisen-Schmidt reaction and evaluated for their anticancer potential against three human cancer cell lines. Compounds 4a, 4b and 4j showed promising activity in inhibition of HeLa cells with IC50 values ranging from 2.36 to 2.73 mu M and low cytotoxicity against healthy MRC-5 cell lines. The effects that compounds produces on the cell cycle were investigated by flow cytometry. It was found that 4a, 4b and 4j cause the accumulation of cells in the S and G2/M phases in a dose-dependent manner and induce caspase-dependent apoptosis. All of three compounds exhibit calf thymus DNA-binding activity. The determined binding constants by absorption titrations (2.65 x 10(3) M-1, 1.36 x 10(3) M(-1)and 2.51 x 10(3) M-1 of 4a/CT-DNA, 4b/CT-DNA and 4j/CT-DNA, respectively) together with fluorescence displacement analysis designate 4a, 4b and 4j as strong minor groove binders, but no cleavage of plasmid DNA was observed