5,123 research outputs found

    Reductions of integrable equations on A.III-type symmetric spaces

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    We study a class of integrable non-linear differential equations related to the A.III-type symmetric spaces. These spaces are realized as factor groups of the form SU(N)/S(U(N-k) x U(k)). We use the Cartan involution corresponding to this symmetric space as an element of the reduction group and restrict generic Lax operators to this symmetric space. The symmetries of the Lax operator are inherited by the fundamental analytic solutions and give a characterization of the corresponding Riemann-Hilbert data.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure, LaTeX iopart styl

    Darboux transformation with dihedral reduction group

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    We construct the Darboux transformation with Dihedral reduction group for the 2-dimensional generalisation of the periodic Volterra lattice. The resulting Bäcklund transformation can be viewed as a nonevolutionary integrable differential difference equation. We also find its generalised symmetry and the Lax representation for this symmetry. Using formal diagonalisation of the Darboux matrix, we obtain local conservation laws of the system

    Endpoint behavior of the pion distribution amplitude in QCD sum rules with nonlocal condensates

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    Starting from the QCD sum rules with nonlocal condensates for the pion distribution amplitude, we derive another sum rule for its derivative and its "integral" derivatives---defined in this work. We use this new sum rule to analyze the fine details of the pion distribution amplitude in the endpoint region x0x\sim 0. The results for endpoint-suppressed and flat-top (or flat-like) pion distribution amplitudes are compared with those we obtained with differential sum rules by employing two different models for the distribution of vacuum-quark virtualities. We determine the range of values of the derivatives of the pion distribution amplitude and show that endpoint-suppressed distribution amplitudes lie within this range, while those with endpoint enhancement---flat-type or CZ-like---yield values outside this range.Comment: 20 pages, 10 figures, 1 table, conclusions update

    Perturbative Symmetry Approach

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    Perturbative Symmetry Approach is formulated in symbolic representation. Easily verifiable integrability conditions of a given equation are constructed in the frame of the approach. Generalisation for the case of non-local and non-evolution equations is disscused. Application of the theory to the Benjamin-Ono and Camassa-Holm type equations is considered.Comment: 16 page

    Nonabelian strings in a dense matter

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    We consider gauge theories with scalar matter with and without supersymmetry at nonzero chemical potential. It is argued that a chemical potential plays a role similar to the FI term. We analyze theory at weak coupling regime at large chemical potential and argue that it supports nonabelian non-BPS strings. Worldsheet theory on the nonabelian string in a dense matter is briefly discussed.Comment: 14 page

    Integrable ODEs on Associative Algebras

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    In this paper we give definitions of basic concepts such as symmetries, first integrals, Hamiltonian and recursion operators suitable for ordinary differential equations on associative algebras, and in particular for matrix differential equations. We choose existence of hierarchies of first integrals and/or symmetries as a criterion for integrability and justify it by examples. Using our componentless approach we have solved a number of classification problems for integrable equations on free associative algebras. Also, in the simplest case, we have listed all possible Hamiltonian operators of low order.Comment: 19 pages, LaTe

    On complete integrability of the Mikhailov-Novikov-Wang system

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    We obtain compatible Hamiltonian and symplectic structure for a new two-component fifth-order integrable system recently found by Mikhailov, Novikov and Wang (arXiv:0712.1972), and show that this system possesses a hereditary recursion operator and infinitely many commuting symmetries and conservation laws, as well as infinitely many compatible Hamiltonian and symplectic structures, and is therefore completely integrable. The system in question admits a reduction to the Kaup--Kupershmidt equation.Comment: 5 pages, no figure

    Raman Solitons and Raman spikes

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    Stimulated Raman scattering of a laser pump pulse seeded by a Stokes pulse generically leaves a two-level medium initially at rest in an excited state constituted of static solitons and radiation. The soliton birth manifests as sudden very large variations of the phase of the output pump pulse. This is proved by building the IST solution of SRS on the semi-line, which shows moreover that initial Stokes phase flips induce Raman spikes in the pump output also for short pulse experiments.Comment: RevTex file, 4 page

    Zero curvature representation for a new fifth-order integrable system

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    In this brief note we present a zero-curvature representation for one of the new integrable system found by Mikhailov, Novikov and Wang in nlin.SI/0601046.Comment: 2 pages, LaTeX 2e, no figure