19 research outputs found

    The neutrino ground state in a neutron star

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    We address a recent claim that the stability of neutron stars implies a lower bound on the mass of the neutrino. We argue that the result obtained by some previous authors is due to an improper summation of an infrared-sensitive series and that a non-perturbative "resummation" of the series yields a finite and well-behaved result. The stability of neutron stars thus gives no lower bound on the mass of the neutrino.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, Latex (uses espcrc2.sty); contribution to the proceedings of Neutrino 98, Takayama, Japan, 4-9 June, 199

    Sum Rules in the CFL Phase of QCD at finite density

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    We study the asymmetry between the vector current and axial-vector current correlators in the colour-flavour locking (CFL) phase of QCD at finite density. Using Weinberg's sum rules, we compute the decay constant fπf_\pi of the Goldstone modes and find agreement with previous derivations. Using Das's sum rule, we also estimate the contribution of electromagnetic interactions to the mass of the charged modes. Finally, we comment on low temperature corrections to the effective field theory describing the Goldstone bosons.Comment: 13 pages, revtex, using epsfig. Typo in reference correcte

    Electroweak Symmetry Breaking induced by Dark Matter

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    The mechanism behind Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB) and the nature of dark matter (DM) are currently among the most important issues in high energy physics. Since a natural dark matter candidate is a weakly interacting massive particle or WIMP, with mass around the electroweak scale, it is clearly of interest to investigate the possibility that DM and EWSB are closely related. In the context of a very simple extension of the Standard Model, the Inert Doublet Model, we show that dark matter could play a crucial role in the breaking of the electroweak symmetry. In this model, dark matter is the lightest component of an inert scalar doublet. The coupling of the latter with the Standard Model Higgs doublet breaks the electroweak symmetry at one-loop, "a la Coleman-Weinberg". The abundance of dark matter, the breaking of the electroweak symmetry and the constraints from electroweak precision measurements can all be accommodated by imposing an (exact or approximate) custodial symmetry.Comment: 4 pages, no figure, one tabl

    Varying alpha and black hole entropy

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    Recently it has been suggested that an increase in the fine structure constant alpha with time would decrease the entropy of a Reissner-Nordstrom black hole, thereby violating the second law of thermodynamics. In this note we point out that, at least for a certain class of charged dilaton black holes related to string theory, the entropy does not change under adiabatic variations of alpha and one might expect it to increase for non-adiabatic changes.Comment: 5 pages, matches version accepted in JHE

    The Inert Doublet Model and Inelastic Dark Matter

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    The annual modulation observed by DAMA/NaI and DAMA/Libra may be interpreted in terms of elastic or inelastic scattering of dark matter particles. In this paper we confront these two scenarios within the framework of a very simple extension of the Standard Model, the Inert Doublet Model (IDM). In this model the dark matter candidate is a scalar, the lightest component of an extra Higgs doublet. We first revisit the case for the elastic scattering of a light scalar WIMP, M_DM~10 GeV, a scenario which requires that a fraction of events in DAMA are channelled. Second we consider the possibility of inelastic Dark Matter (iDM). This option is technically natural in the IDM, in the sense that the mass splitting between the lightest and next-to-lightest neutral scalars may be protected by a Peccei-Quinn (PQ) symmetry. We show that candidates with a mass M_DM between ~535 GeV and ~50 TeV may reproduce the DAMA data and have a cosmic abundance in agreement with WMAP. This range may be extended to candidates as light as ~50 GeV if we exploit the possibility that the approximate PQ symmetry is effectively conserved and that a primordial asymmetry in the dark sector may survive until freeze-out.Comment: 16 pages, 7 figures. v2: minor changes and discussion on the embedding in SO(10) added. v3: matches the published version in JCA

    Inflation from a Tachyon Fluid?

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    Motivated by recent works of Sen and Gibbons, we study the evolution of a flat and homogeneous universe dominated by tachyon matter. In particular, we analyse the necessary conditions for inflation in the early roll of a single tachyon field.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figures, minor corrections and comments on reheating adde

    Complementarity of Galactic radio and collider data in constraining WIMP dark matter models

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    In this work we confront dark matter models to constraints that may be derived from radio synchrotron radiation from the Galaxy, taking into account the astrophysical uncertainties and we compare these to bounds set by accelerator and complementary indirect dark matter searches. Specifically we apply our analysis to three popular particle physics models. First, a generic effective operator approach, in which case we set bounds on the corresponding mass scale, and then, two specific UV completions, the Z' and Higgs portals. We show that for many candidates, the radio synchrotron limits are competitive with the other searches, and could even give the strongest constraints (as of today) with some reasonable assumptions regarding the astrophysical uncertainties.Comment: 22 pages, 12 figure

    Positrons and antiprotons from inert doublet model dark matter

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    In the framework of the Inert Doublet Model, a very simple extension of the Standard Model, we study the production and propagation of antimatter in cosmic rays coming from annihilation of a scalar dark matter particle. We consider three benchmark candidates, all consistent with the WMAP cosmic abundance and existing direct detection experiments, and confront the predictions of the model with the recent PAMELA, ATIC and HESS data. For a light candidate, M_{DM} = 10 GeV, we argue that the positron and anti-proton fluxes may be large, but still consistent with expected backgrounds, unless there is an enhancement (boost factor) in the local density of dark matter. There is also a substantial anti-deuteron flux which might be observable by future experiments. For a candidate with M_{DM} = 70 GeV, the contribution to positron and anti-proton fluxes is much smaller than the expected backgrounds. Even if a boost factor is invoked to enhance the signals, the candidate is unable to explain the observed positron and anti-proton excesses. Finally, for a heavy candidate, M_{DM} = 10 TeV, it is possible to fit the PAMELA excess (but, unfortunately, not the ATIC one) provided there is a large enhancement, either in the local density of dark matter or through the Sommerfeld effect.Comment: 17 pages ; v2: matches JCAP published versio

    Forays into the dark side of the swamp

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    International audienceMotivated by the swampland conjectures, we study the cosmological signatures of a quintessence potential which induces time variation in the low-energy effective field theory. After deriving the evolution of the quintessence field, we illustrate its possible ramifications by exploring putative imprints in a number of directions of particle phenomenology. We first show that a dark matter self-interaction rate increasing with time gives a novel way of reconciling the large self-interactions required to address small-scale structure issues with the constraint coming from clusters. Next, we study the effects of kinetic mixing variation during the radiation-dominated era on freeze-in dark matter production. Last, we elucidate quintessence effects on the restoration of the electroweak symmetry at finite temperature and the lifetime of the electroweak vacuum through a modification of the effective Higgs mass and quartic coupling