1,068 research outputs found

    Deficits and financial change in the Pacific Basin

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    Pacific Area ; Deficit financing ; Budget deficits ; Financial institutions - Pacific Basin

    Ominous trade winds

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    International trade ; Free trade ; Balance of payments ; General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Organization)

    Coordinating policies with Japan

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    Japan ; Fiscal policy ; International economic relations

    U.S. intervention policy

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    Foreign exchange - Law and legislation ; Dollar, American

    A cure worse than the disease? currency crises and the output costs of IMF-supported stabilization programs

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    This paper investigates the output effects of IMF-supported stabilization programs, especially those introduced at the time of a severe balance of payments/currency crisis. Using a panel data set over the 1975–1997 period and covering 67 developing and emerging market economies (with 461 IMF stabilization programs and 160 currency crises), we find that currency crises—even after controlling for macroeconomic developments and political and regional factors—significantly reduce output growth for one to two years. Output growth is also lower (0.7 percentage point annually) during IMF stabilization programs, but it appears that growth generally slows prior to implementation of the program. Moreover, programs coinciding with recent balance of payments or currency crises do not appear to further damage short-run growth prospects. Countries participating in IMF programs significantly reduce domestic credit growth, but no effect is found on budget policy. Applying this model to the collapse of output in East Asia following the 1997 crisis, we find that the unexpected (forecast error) collapse of output in Malaysia—where an IMF program was not followed—was similar in magnitude to those countries adopting IMF programs (Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand).International Monetary Fund ; Money ; Financial crises

    Monetary policy and LDC debt

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    Developing countries ; Debts, External ; Monetary policy - United States

    Financing current account deficits

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    Balance of payments ; Capital movements ; International trade ; Investments, Foreign - United States

    Export promoting development strategies

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    Foreign trade promotion ; International trade ; Developing countries ; Economic development

    Divine intervention?

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    Foreign exchange - Law and legislation ; Dollar, American
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