4,664 research outputs found

    Towards deterministic equations for Levy walks: the fractional material derivative

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    Levy walks are random processes with an underlying spatiotemporal coupling. This coupling penalizes long jumps, and therefore Levy walks give a proper stochastic description for a particle's motion with broad jump length distribution. We derive a generalized dynamical formulation for Levy walks in which the fractional equivalent of the material derivative occurs. Our approach will be useful for the dynamical formulation of Levy walks in an external force field or in phase space for which the description in terms of the continuous time random walk or its corresponding generalized master equation are less well suited

    Anomalous diffusion in correlated continuous time random walks

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    We demonstrate that continuous time random walks in which successive waiting times are correlated by Gaussian statistics lead to anomalous diffusion with mean squared displacement ~t^{2/3}. Long-ranged correlations of the waiting times with power-law exponent alpha (0<alpha<=2) give rise to subdiffusion of the form ~t^{alpha/(1+alpha)}. In contrast correlations in the jump lengths are shown to produce superdiffusion. We show that in both cases weak ergodicity breaking occurs. Our results are in excellent agreement with simulations.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figures. Slightly revised version, accepted to J Phys A as a Fast Track Communicatio

    On solutions of a class of non-Markovian Fokker-Planck equations

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    We show that a formal solution of a rather general non-Markovian Fokker-Planck equation can be represented in a form of an integral decomposition and thus can be expressed through the solution of the Markovian equation with the same Fokker-Planck operator. This allows us to classify memory kernels into safe ones, for which the solution is always a probability density, and dangerous ones, when this is not guaranteed. The first situation describes random processes subordinated to a Wiener process, while the second one typically corresponds to random processes showing a strong ballistic component. In this case the non-Markovian Fokker-Planck equation is only valid in a restricted range of parameters, initial and boundary conditions.Comment: A new ref.12 is added and discusse

    Matched pair conical spiral antennas

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    A matched pair of VHF (220-260 MHz) conical spiral antennas for use in a rocket-tracking interferometer array was designed and tested. While gain, bandwidth, impedance, and pattern measurements met specifications, the phase match between antennas at low elevations was not equal to the design goal

    L\'{e}vy flights as subordination process: first passage times

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    We obtain the first passage time density for a L\'{e}vy flight random process from a subordination scheme. By this method, we infer the asymptotic behavior directly from the Brownian solution and the Sparre Andersen theorem, avoiding explicit reference to the fractional diffusion equation. Our results corroborate recent findings for Markovian L\'{e}vy flights and generalize to broad waiting times.Comment: 4 pages, RevTe

    Black-body furnace Patent

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    Development of black-body source calibration furnac

    Thermodynamics and Fractional Fokker-Planck Equations

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    The relaxation to equilibrium in many systems which show strange kinetics is described by fractional Fokker-Planck equations (FFPEs). These can be considered as phenomenological equations of linear nonequilibrium theory. We show that the FFPEs describe the system whose noise in equilibrium funfills the Nyquist theorem. Moreover, we show that for subdiffusive dynamics the solutions of the corresponding FFPEs are probability densities for all cases where the solutions of normal Fokker-Planck equation (with the same Fokker-Planck operator and with the same initial and boundary conditions) exist. The solutions of the FFPEs for superdiffusive dynamics are not always probability densities. This fact means only that the corresponding kinetic coefficients are incompatible with each other and with the initial conditions

    Optimal target search on a fast folding polymer chain with volume exchange

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    We study the search process of a target on a rapidly folding polymer (`DNA') by an ensemble of particles (`proteins'), whose search combines 1D diffusion along the chain, Levy type diffusion mediated by chain looping, and volume exchange. A rich behavior of the search process is obtained with respect to the physical parameters, in particular, for the optimal search.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, REVTe

    Dynamics of Interacting Neural Networks

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    The dynamics of interacting perceptrons is solved analytically. For a directed flow of information the system runs into a state which has a higher symmetry than the topology of the model. A symmetry breaking phase transition is found with increasing learning rate. In addition it is shown that a system of interacting perceptrons which is trained on the history of its minority decisions develops a good strategy for the problem of adaptive competition known as the Bar Problem or Minority Game.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures; typos corrected, content reorganize
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