448 research outputs found

    Regional macroeconomic determinants of Mexican migration

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    This article estimates the macroeconomic determinants of Mexican migration to the U.S.A., using information on the regional economic characteristics of the Mexican states, in a context of economic integration with the U.S. economy. A cross sectional database at the regional level is used to estimate a weighted least squares regression. The results show that the ratio of the U.S.A.鈥檚 PIB to Mexico鈥檚 states PIB showed a positive effect on migration,suggesting regional economic determinants for migration. In this case, the PIB per c谩pita had a negative effect, which implies that the poorest states experienced incentives for migration. Additionally, state unemployment rates and permanent migrant stocks exhibited a positive effect on the rates of migration growth at the state level in Mexico, supporting the approaches that consider those variables as factors for migration. The variables reflecting the impact of economic liberalization were not conclusive, although foreign direct investment exhibited a positive coefficient with respect to migration growth.1. international migration; 2. macroeconomics; 3. regional economics; 4. labor mobility; 5. employment

    Labor productivity in the export maquiladora industry of Mexico: a convergence analysis

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    Abstract: The present study analyses the labor productivity performance in the export maquiladora industry of Mexico (EMI), by sectors and states, comparing the northern border region to the rest of Mexican states during the period 1990-1999. The study is based on conditional convergence analysis applied to labor productivity. The results showed that the states with higher labor productivity were Morelos, Jalisco and the state of Mexico. The pooled least squares showed the existence of absolute divergence in labor productivity for all sectors. Finally, the econometric estimates of conditional convergence did not show any impact of the qualified labor force variable. When including the rate of growth of capital formation and real wages the results exhibit a weak conditional convergence trend. The fixed effect panel model estimates suggest favorable state conditions for labor productivity growth in the states of Nuevo Leon, Baja California and Chihuahua.JEL Code: R; R11; LS

    Schooling, experience and manufacturing specialization along the northern border of Mexico

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    With the establishment of the North American Free Trade Agreement (TLCAN) the northern region manufacturing sector of Mexico exhibited a fast growth during the nineties. This paper seeks to estimate the effects of schooling, labor experience and specialization on labor maquiladora income in the cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez. A weighted LS model was established, using labor earning as the dependent variable, and experience schooling and specialization as the explanatory variables. The results showed that in the northern cities both schooling and experience resulted in higher labor income, particularly in intensive capital and technological industries. The coefficient of specialization was higher in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez than in the rest of the cities included.Manufacturing sector; maquiladora industry; labor returns to schooling

    Manufacturing specialization and urban aglommeration in the largest cities of Mexico

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    The paper investigates the effect of agglomeration economies on the manufacturing sector of the larger cities of Mexico. It is assumed that economic globalization is determining a trend toward the re-localization of manufacturing activities towards the northern border region. As a result, an increase in manufacturing and urban agglomeration is occuring in that region. The present research is based on the hypothesis that agglomeration has had a positive impact on the urban manufacturing growth in the northern cities studied. An econometric model was established to relate agglomeration with manufacturing growth. LTYhe result showed thta industry-related specialization had a positive effect in the manufacturing growth. For the larger cities (DF, Monterrey y Guadalajara), industry specialization was an important determinant of manufacturing growth.Regional economy; industry studies; development and growth analysis

    Migraci贸n de retorno, niveles educativos y desarrollo socioecon贸mico regional de M茅xico

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    El trabajo analiza el impacto de los migrantes de retorno en la actividad econ贸mica regional, as铆 como su impacto en los indicadores sociales regionales en M茅xico. Se estableci贸 un modelo de regresi贸n multivariada para estimar el efecto del flujo de migrantes de retorno en el desarrollo social y econ贸mico de M茅xico. A nivel nacional, el promedio anual de crecimiento de la poblaci贸n con estudios de secundaria, para aquellos con estudios t茅cnicos, fue baja. Sin embargo, los estados con alta migraci贸n de retorno, tales como Michoac谩n, Guanajuato y Zacatecas experimentaron un r谩pido crecimiento de poblaci贸n con estudios de secundaria y carreras t茅cnicas. Los resultados econom茅tricos sugieren un efecto positivo de los migrantes con mayores niveles de educaci贸n y de las remesas en el desarrollo econ贸mico y social, as铆 como tambi茅n un efecto negativo de la migraci贸n de retorno que ejerce presi贸n sobre mercado laboral formal e informal, al incrementar las tasas de desempleo y la poblaci贸n econ贸micamente activa

    Has Mexican Trade in Manufactured Goods Reached Its Limits under nafta? Perspectives after 20 Years

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    Ingresos, integraci贸n econ贸mica y empleo en las ciudades fronterizas de M茅xico y Estados Unidos

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    This paper estimates the impact of per capita income levels of Mexican border cities on labor employment of the US border city pairs. During the 90鈥檚, the northern border cities of Mexico experienced rapid growth in their population and in their manufacturing and services sectors. A generalized least squares econometric model was constructed in order to estimate the impact of the Mexican cities per capita income on the employment of services and manufacturing sectors of the US border cities. The results showed that the coefficients of the variables of income and border crossings positively affected the employment of the manufacturing and services sectors of the US border cities.regional economy, growth and development analysis, industry studies, industrialization

    Efectos de la aglomeraci贸n y los encadenamientos industriales en el patr贸n de crecimiento manufacturero en M茅xico

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    La econom铆a mexicana experiment贸 un cambio regional de la localizaci贸n manufacturera en el periodo de 1980 a 2003, lo que modific贸 el patr贸n de concentraci贸n regional industrial. En este contexto, la frontera norte y los estados alrededor de la Ciudad de M茅xico y el Estado de M茅xico presentaron mayor crecimiento. Mediante un modelo econom茅trico, basado en la t茅cnica del m茅todo generalizado de momentos, se eval煤a el impacto de los encadenamientos industriales, la aglomeraci贸n y la distancia en la localizaci贸n de las empresas manufactureras. Las estimaciones econom茅tricas muestran evidencia de dispersi贸n de la industria y debilitamiento de las relaciones intra-industriales, las econom铆as de escala y los encadenamientos

    Regional determinants of the export maquiladora industry in the Northern Border states of Mexico

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    The article focuses on the analysis of pooled labor markets in the maquiladora industry. It studies the regional factors affecting the assymetric distribution of maquiladoras in the Mexican economy. It also estimates the impact of concentration and agglommeration on the employment growth of the maquiladora industry.Localization; external economies; maquiladora

    Regional impacts of remittances on the economic growth of Mexico

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    The study relates the economic liberalization of the Mexican economy and the expansion of remittances inflows with regional economic growth in Mexico. A convergence non-linear econometric model was specified using the degree of economic openness and remittances as the conditional variables. The results showed that some regions have experienced a rapid growth of per capita remittances. However this variable does not presented a statistically significant coefficient. On the other hand, variables reflecting economic liberalization exhibited a positive effect on regional growth.International Migration; remittances; regional economic growth
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