5,766 research outputs found

    Band Symmetries and Singularities in Twisted Multilayer Graphene

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    The electronic spectra of rotationally faulted graphene bilayers are calculated using a continuum formulation for small fault angles that identifies two distinct electronic states of the coupled system. The low energy spectra of one state features a Fermi velocity reduction which ultimately leads to pairwise annihilation and regeneration of its low energy Dirac nodes. The physics in the complementary state is controlled by pseudospin selection rules that prevent a Fermi velocity renormalization and produce second generation symmetry-protected Dirac singularities in the spectrum. These results are compared with previous theoretical analyses and with experimental data.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    On the Chinese Exchange Rate Regime: an Attempt to Flexibility during 2015

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    This study will demonstrate, through an econometric and asset allocation approach, if and how the Chinese exchange rate regime was changing during 2015. Particularly, China to improve its exchange rate formation system implemented, during July and August 2015, three depreciation as a step toward a market-oriented exchange rate. This situation, along with the new right of the RMB to be an international currency in SDR should generate a loss of weight about the USD in the Chinese basket peg. For this reason, moving from Frankel-Wei’s basic econometric model - but with some appropriate changes - our objective is to verify if the Chinese monetary policy about the exchange rate has affected the inner balance of the Chinese basket-peg leading it towards a flexible exchange rate regime

    Formation of Subgap States in Carbon Nanotubes Due to a Local Transverse Electric Field

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    We introduce two simple models to study the effect of a spatially localized transverse electric field on the low-energy electronic structure of semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Starting from the Dirac Hamiltonian for the low energy states of a carbon nanotube, we use scattering theory to show that an arbitrarily weak field leads to the formation of localized electronic states inside the free nanotube band gap. We study the binding energy of these subgap states as a function of the range and strength of the electrostatic potential. When the range of the potential is held constant and the strength is varied, the binding energy shows crossover behavior: the states lie close to the free nanotube band edge until the potential exceeds a threshold value, after which the binding energy increases rapidly. When the potential strength is held constant and the range is varied, we find resonant behavior: the binding energy passes through a maximum as the range of the potential is increased. Large electric fields confined to a small region of the nanotube are required to create localized states far from the band edge.Comment: 15 pages + 5 figures, 1 table in RevTe

    A note on the Hamiltonian as a polymerisation parameter

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    In effective models of loop quantum gravity, the onset of quantum effects is controlled by a so-called polymerisation scale. It is sometimes necessary to make this scale phase space dependent in order to obtain sensible physics. A particularly interesting choice recently used to study quantum corrected black hole spacetimes takes the generator of time translations itself to set the scale. We review this idea, point out errors in recent treatments, and show how to fix them in principle.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figures; v2: journal version, minor clarification

    Effective Quantum Extended Spacetime of Polymer Schwarzschild Black Hole

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    The physical interpretation and eventual fate of gravitational singularities in a theory surpassing classical general relativity are puzzling questions that have generated a great deal of interest among various quantum gravity approaches. In the context of loop quantum gravity (LQG), one of the major candidates for a non-perturbative background-independent quantisation of general relativity, considerable effort has been devoted to construct effective models in which these questions can be studied. In these models, classical singularities are replaced by a "bounce" induced by quantum geometry corrections. Undesirable features may arise however depending on the details of the model. In this paper, we focus on Schwarzschild black holes and propose a new effective quantum theory based on polymerisation of new canonical phase space variables inspired by those successful in loop quantum cosmology. The quantum corrected spacetime resulting from the solutions of the effective dynamics is characterised by infinitely many pairs of trapped and anti-trapped regions connected via a space-like transition surface replacing the central singularity. Quantum effects become relevant at a unique mass independent curvature scale, while they become negligible in the low curvature region near the horizon. The effective quantum metric describes also the exterior regions and asymptotically classical Schwarzschild geometry is recovered. We however find that physically acceptable solutions require us to select a certain subset of initial conditions, corresponding to a specific mass (de-)amplification after the bounce. We also sketch the corresponding quantum theory and explicitly compute the kernel of the Hamiltonian constraint operator.Comment: 50 pages, 10 figures; v2: journal version, minor comment and references added; v3: minor corrections in section 5.3 to match journal versio

    Nonradiative Recombination of Excitons in Carbon Nanotubes Mediated by Free Charge Carriers

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    Free electrons or holes can mediate the nonradiative recombination of excitons in carbon nanotubes. Kinematic constraints arising from the quasi one-dimensional nature of excitons and charge carriers lead to a thermal activation barrier for the process. However, a model calculation suggests that the rate for recombination mediated by a free electron is the same order of magnitude as that of two-exciton recombination. Small amounts of doping may contribute to the short exciton lifetimes and low quantum yields observed in carbon nanotubes.Comment: 18 pages, 4 figures. Submitted to Physical Review
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