8,570 research outputs found

### Analytic Solutions to the RG Equations of the Neutrino Physical Parameters

In the case of two generation neutrinos, the energy-scale dependence of the
lepton-flavor mixing matrix with Majorana phase can be governed by only one
parameter r, which is the ratio between the diagonal elements of neutrino mass
matrix. By using this parameter r, we derive the analytic solutions to the
renormalization group equations of the physical parameters, which are the
mixing angle, Majorana phase, and the ratio of the mass-squared difference to
the mass squared of the heaviest neutrino. The energy-scale dependence of the
Majorana phase is clarified by using these analytic solutions. The instability
of the Majorana phase causes in the same parameter region in which the mixing
angle is unstable against quantum corrections.Comment: LaTeX2e, 9 pages, 6 figure

### The effects of Majorana phases in three-generation neutrinos

Neutrino-oscillation solutions for the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the
solar neutrino deficit can determine the texture of the neutrino mass matrix
according to three types of neutrino mass hierarchies as Type A: $m_1^{} \ll
m_2^{} \ll m_3^{}$,
Type B: $m_1^{} \sim m_2^{} \gg m_3^{}$, and Type C: $m_1^{} \sim m_2^{} \sim
m_3^{}$, where $m_i$ is the $i$-th generation neutrino absolute mass. The
relative sign assignments of neutrino masses in each type of mass hierarchies
play the crucial roles for the stability against quantum corrections. Actually,
two physical Majorana phases in the lepton flavor mixing matrix connect among
the relative sign assignments of neutrino masses. Therefore, in this paper we
analyze the stability of mixing angles against quantum corrections according to
three types of neutrino mass hierarchies (Type A, B, C) and two Majorana
phases. Two phases play the crucial roles for the stability of the mixing
angles against the quantum corrections.Comment: LaTeX2e, 15 pages, 8 figure

### Energy-Scale Dependence of the Lepton-Flavor-Mixing Matrix

We study an energy-scale dependence of the lepton-flavor-mixing matrix in the
minimal supersymmetric standard model with the effective dimension-five
operators which give the masses of neutrinos. We analyze the renormalization
group equations of kappa_{ij}s which are coefficients of these effective
operators under the approximation to neglect the corrections of O(\kappa^2). As
a consequence, we find that all phases in $\kappa$ do not depend on the
energy-scale, and that only n_g-1 (n_g: generation number) real independent
parameters in the lepton-flavor-mixing matrix depend on the energy-scale.Comment: 6 pages, no figur

### The effect of Majorana phase in degenerate neutrinos

There are physical Majorana phases in the lepton flavor mixing matrix when
neutrinos are Majorana fermions. In the case of two degenerate neutrinos, the
physical Majorana phase plays the crucial role for the stability of the maximal
flavor mixing between the second and the third generations against quantum
corrections. The physical Majorana phase of $\pi$ guarantees the maximal mixing
to be stable against quantum corrections, while the Majorana phase of zero lets
the maximal mixing be spoiled by quantum corrections when neutrino masses are
of O(eV). The continuous change of the Majorana phase from $\pi$ to 0 makes the
maximal mixing be spoiled by quantum corrections with O(eV) degenerate neutrino
masses. On the other hand, when there is the large mass hierarchy between
neutrinos, the maximal flavor mixing is not spoiled by quantum corrections
independently of the Majorana phase.Comment: 7 pages, 1 figures, LaTe

### Near-Solar-Circle Method for Determination of the Galactic Constants

We propose a method to determine the galactic constants R_0 (distance to the
Galactic Center) and V_0 (rotation velocity of the Sun) from measurements of
distances, radial velocities and proper motions of objects near the solar
circle. This is a modification of the solar-circle method to a more practical
observational method. We apply the method to determine R_0 using data from the
literature with known distances and radial velocities, and obtain R_0 = 7.54
+/- 0.77 kpc.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, accepted for PASJ (Vol. 63 No. 5

### Space charge and charge trapping characteristics of cross-linked polyethylene subjected to ac electric stresses

This paper reports on the result of space charge evolution in cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) planar samples of approximately 220 ?m thick. The space charge measurement technique used in this study is the PEA method. There are two phases to this experiment. In the first phase, the samples were subjected to dc 30 kVdc/mm and ac (sinusoidal) electric stress level of 30 kVpk/mm at frequencies of 1 Hz, 10 Hz and 50 Hz ac. In addition, ac space charge under 30 kVrms/mm and 60 kVpk/mm electric stress at 50 Hz was also investigated. The volts off results showed that the amount of charge trapped in XLPE sample under dc electric stress is significantly bigger than samples under ac stress even when the applied ac stresses are substantially higher. The second phase of the experiment involves studying the dc space charge evolution in samples that were tested under ac stress during the first phase of the experiment. Ac ageing causes positive charge to become more dominant over negative charge. It was also discovered that ac ageing creates deeper traps, particularly for negative charge. This paper also gave a brief overview of the data processing methods used to analyse space charge under ac electric stress

### Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy studies of graphite edges

We studied experimentally and theoretically the electronic local density of
states (LDOS) near single step edges at the surface of exfoliated graphite. In
scanning tunneling microscopy measurements, we observed the $(\sqrt{3} \times
\sqrt{3}) R 30^{\circ}$ and honeycomb superstructures extending over 3$-$4 nm
both from the zigzag and armchair edges. Calculations based on a
density-functional derived non-orthogonal tight-binding model show that these
superstructures can coexist if the two types of edges admix each other in real
graphite step edges. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements near the
zigzag edge reveal a clear peak in the LDOS at an energy below the Fermi energy
by 20 meV. No such a peak was observed near the armchair edge. We concluded
that this peak corresponds to the "edge state" theoretically predicted for
graphene ribbons, since a similar prominent LDOS peak due to the edge state is
obtained by the first principles calculations.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures, APF9, Appl. Surf. Sci. \bf{241}, 43 (2005

- …