3 research outputs found

    From the bush to the brain : preclinical stages of ethnobotanical anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective drug discovery : an Australian example

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    The Australian rainforest is a rich source of medicinal plants that have evolved in the face of dramatic environmental challenges over a million years due to its prolonged geographical isolation from other continents. The rainforest consists of an inherent richness of plant secondary metabolites that are the most intense in the rainforest. The search for more potent and more bioavailable compounds from other plant sources is ongoing, and our short review will outline the pathways from the discovery of bioactive plants to the structural identification of active compounds, testing for potency, and then neuroprotection in a triculture system, and finally, the validation in an appropriate neuro-inflammatory mouse model, using some examples from our current research. We will focus on neuroinflammation as a potential treatment target for neurodegenerative diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s (PD), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) for these plant-derived, anti-inflammatory molecules and highlight cytokine suppressive anti-inflammatory drugs (CSAIDs) as a better alternative to conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat neuroinflammatory disorders

    [In Press] Ternstroenol F : a new pentacyclic triterpenoid saponin isolated from the Australian rainforest plant Ternstroemia cherryi

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    A detailed close phytochemical investigation of the fruits of Ternstroemia cherryi led to the isolation and identification of the minor metabolite, ternstroenol F, which possessed the usual barrigenol-like terpenoid backbone. The notable difference was that this minor metabolite had the 2(E)-4(Z)-6(E)-decatrienoic acid forming an ester bond at C-22 of the oleanane backbone. Ternstroenol F was evaluated for its inhibitory effects on NO inhibition, cell viability and TNF- α release in RAW 264.7 macrophages, displaying an IC50 values of 0.23, 0.81 and 1.84 µM respectively

    [In Press] Acronyols A and B, new anti-inflammatory prenylated phloroglucinols from the fruits of Acronychia crassipetala

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    Two new phloroglucinols, acronyols A (1) and B (2) along with the four known (3–6) pholoroglucinols were identified following anti-inflammatory activity guided fractionation from the fruits of Acronychia crassipetala (family Rutaceae). The pholoroglucinols (1–6) were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on NO production and downregulation of TNF-a in RAW 264.7 macrophage cell lines