95 research outputs found

    Leveraging Personal Navigation Assistant Systems Using Automated Social Media Traffic Reporting

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    Modern urbanization is demanding smarter technologies to improve a variety of applications in intelligent transportation systems to relieve the increasing amount of vehicular traffic congestion and incidents. Existing incident detection techniques are limited to the use of sensors in the transportation network and hang on human-inputs. Despite of its data abundance, social media is not well-exploited in such context. In this paper, we develop an automated traffic alert system based on Natural Language Processing (NLP) that filters this flood of information and extract important traffic-related bullets. To this end, we employ the fine-tuning Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) language embedding model to filter the related traffic information from social media. Then, we apply a question-answering model to extract necessary information characterizing the report event such as its exact location, occurrence time, and nature of the events. We demonstrate the adopted NLP approaches outperform other existing approach and, after effectively training them, we focus on real-world situation and show how the developed approach can, in real-time, extract traffic-related information and automatically convert them into alerts for navigation assistance applications such as navigation apps.Comment: This paper is accepted for publication in IEEE Technology Engineering Management Society International Conference (TEMSCON'20), Metro Detroit, Michigan (USA

    A Stochastic Team Formation Approach for Collaborative Mobile Crowdsourcing

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    Mobile Crowdsourcing (MCS) is the generalized act of outsourcing sensing tasks, traditionally performed by employees or contractors, to a large group of smart-phone users by means of an open call. With the increasing complexity of the crowdsourcing applications, requesters find it essential to harness the power of collaboration among the workers by forming teams of skilled workers satisfying their complex tasks' requirements. This type of MCS is called Collaborative MCS (CMCS). Previous CMCS approaches have mainly focused only on the aspect of team skills maximization. Other team formation studies on social networks (SNs) have only focused on social relationship maximization. In this paper, we present a hybrid approach where requesters are able to hire a team that, not only has the required expertise, but also is socially connected and can accomplish tasks collaboratively. Because team formation in CMCS is proven to be NP-hard, we develop a stochastic algorithm that exploit workers knowledge about their SN neighbors and asks a designated leader to recruit a suitable team. The proposed algorithm is inspired from the optimal stopping strategies and uses the odds-algorithm to compute its output. Experimental results show that, compared to the benchmark exponential optimal solution, the proposed approach reduces computation time and produces reasonable performance results.Comment: This paper is accepted for publication in 2019 31st International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM

    Best Memory Architecture Exploration under Parameters Variations accelerated with Machine Learning

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    The design of effective memory architecture is of utmost importance in modern computing systems. However, the design of memory subsystems is even more difficult today because process variation and modern design techniques like dynamic voltage scaling make performance metrics for memory assessment be treated as random variables instead of scalars at design time. Most of the previous works have studied the design of memory design from the yield analysis perspective leaving the question of the best memory organization on average open. Because examining all possible combinations of design parameter values of a memory chip would require prohibitively much time, in this work, we propose Best Arm Identification (BAI) algorithms to accelerate the exploration for the best memory architecture on average under parameter variations. Our experimental results demonstrate that we can arrive at the best memory organization 99% of the time in x5 faster than an exhaustive search of all possible conditions
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