36 research outputs found

    The Living Wage: In the Public Interest? Increasing the Quality of Life for Families and Communities

    Get PDF
    This report explores the relationship among minimum wage income, government subsidies, and workers' tax contributions. The report provides a snapshot of current minimum wage income relative to basic need household expenses and includes relevant income-tested government entitlement subsidies. A companion snapshot for a living wage1 provides a point of comparison

    Without a Net: A Study of Early Impacts of Supplemental Security Income Benefits Elimination for Persons with Disabilities due to Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Cook County, Illinois

    Get PDF
    This is the first published study of its kind attempting to track the impact of the cuts in SSI/DI on the drug and alcohol addicted. Many of the findings in this study confirm the predictions of advocates. Ironically, much of what we learned flies in the face of stated goals of welfare reform - moving people into work and promoting self-sufficiency. In addition to the loss of cash benefits, beneficiaries also lost eligibility for both Medicaid and Medicare because their primary disability was substance abuse

    Finding the Fit: A Review of Three Intervention Models for Working with HIV/AIDS Impacted Substance Users who are Homeless

    Get PDF
    This report reflects research on three different models of services for people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) who are also low-income, substance users and are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. This review of intervention modalities is intended to document what is being done in Chicago to serve this population, illuminate what is known about outcomes for those receiving services and suggest areas for further investigation

    Stokesville, Virginia: An enduring depot for an ephemeral town

    Get PDF
    This thesis project attempts to establish the significance of both the town of Stokesville, Virginia as well as the town’s historic Passenger Depot. The written component of the project contains a Historic Structures Report, which documents the history of the passenger depot within the larger historic context of local and national history. The Historic Structures Report utilizes National Register Criteria to argue for the depots significance due to its association with transportation of the historic Chesapeake Western Railway and as a regionally unique example of railway architecture. The second component of the thesis is a digital exhibit that asserts the significance of the town’s history. As a town with little physically remaining, this digital exhibit seeks to bring the town of Stokesville back to life by providing public access to a history that is currently hidden away in archives and private collections

    Evaluation Report on Chicago Connection's El Centro de Educacion y Cultura Even Start Program

    Get PDF
    This report examines the accomplishments of El Centro de Educacion y Cultura (hereafter referred to as El Centro) Even Start program in light of the three program objectives stated in the national Even Start evaluation. The objectives are as follows: The literacy of participating families will improve; Even Start projects will reach their target population of families that are most in need of services; and Local Even Start projects will provide comprehensive, instructional and support services of high quality to all families in a cost-effective measure

    The genetic architecture of the human cerebral cortex

    Get PDF
    The cerebral cortex underlies our complex cognitive capabilities, yet little is known about the specific genetic loci that influence human cortical structure. To identify genetic variants that affect cortical structure, we conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of brain magnetic resonance imaging data from 51,665 individuals. We analyzed the surface area and average thickness of the whole cortex and 34 regions with known functional specializations. We identified 199 significant loci and found significant enrichment for loci influencing total surface area within regulatory elements that are active during prenatal cortical development, supporting the radial unit hypothesis. Loci that affect regional surface area cluster near genes in Wnt signaling pathways, which influence progenitor expansion and areal identity. Variation in cortical structure is genetically correlated with cognitive function, Parkinson's disease, insomnia, depression, neuroticism, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    Conversion Discriminative Analysis on Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Multiple Cortical Features from MR Images

    Get PDF
    Neuroimaging measurements derived from magnetic resonance imaging provide important information required for detecting changes related to the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Cortical features and changes play a crucial role in revealing unique anatomical patterns of brain regions, and further differentiate MCI patients from normal states. Four cortical features, namely, gray matter volume, cortical thickness, surface area, and mean curvature, were explored for discriminative analysis among three groups including the stable MCI (sMCI), the converted MCI (cMCI), and the normal control (NC) groups. In this study, 158 subjects (72 NC, 46 sMCI, and 40 cMCI) were selected from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. A sparse-constrained regression model based on the l2-1-norm was introduced to reduce the feature dimensionality and retrieve essential features for the discrimination of the three groups by using a support vector machine (SVM). An optimized strategy of feature addition based on the weight of each feature was adopted for the SVM classifier in order to achieve the best classification performance. The baseline cortical features combined with the longitudinal measurements for 2 years of follow-up data yielded prominent classification results. In particular, the cortical thickness produced a classification with 98.84% accuracy, 97.5% sensitivity, and 100% specificity for the sMCI‚ÄďcMCI comparison; 92.37% accuracy, 84.78% sensitivity, and 97.22% specificity for the cMCI‚ÄďNC comparison; and 93.75% accuracy, 92.5% sensitivity, and 94.44% specificity for the sMCI‚ÄďNC comparison. The best performances obtained by the SVM classifier using the essential features were 5‚Äď40% more than those using all of the retained features. The feasibility of the cortical features for the recognition of anatomical patterns was certified; thus, the proposed method has the potential to improve the clinical diagnosis of sub-types of MCI and predict the risk of its conversion to Alzheimer's disease
    corecore