717 research outputs found

    Regional contributions through athletic lessons for elementary school children

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    We have provided athletic lessons for elementary school children for four years. These lessons are at the center of a project that aims to contribute to the local community. Initially, we decided on the following theme: “Have fun, learn to run fast, and stand on the Big Swan track.” To improve children’s competitive abilities, we focused on engaging them in fun activities that would lay the foundation for a life filled with sports; to motivate and engage the children, we gave them a chance to attend track meets as part of the program. This project has great potential, both as a practical approach to Track and Field instruction and as a basis for student volunteer activities in the elementary school teaching course. We believe that faculty members and students of Niigata University of Health and Welfare will be able to connect with many more children in the region through this project

    作業療法におけるクリニカルリーズニングの概念分析

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    Introduction: Acquiring competence in clinical reasoning is regarded as key to meet the challenges of integrating knowledge into one\u27s practice. Learners and educators need a shared understanding of what is clinical reasoning because they need appropriate means for reflection and feedback. However, the clinical reasoning concept needs revisiting in the current context, which is becoming increasingly diverse and complex. The purpose of this study was to analyse the clinical reasoning concept and develop a common framework. Methods: Rodgers\u27 concept analysis was selected for this theoretical study. Accordingly, a systematically search of multiple databases yielded 903 articles and 135 articles that met the inclusion criteria were extracted, and of these 30 articles randomly sampled for analysis. Data analysis was done following Rodgers\u27 method of thematic analysis. Results: The attributes were four ‘therapeutic thinking processes’ and two ‘professional thinking skills.’ The application contexts were ‘clinical and non-clinical practice settings,’ and ‘professional education.’ Moreover, the antecedents were ‘professional factors’ and ‘practice factors,’ and the consequences were ‘professional developments’ and ‘professional attitudes and behaviours.’ Conclusion: The resulting framework of clinical reasoning can be the basis for developing pedagogies and assessment of clinical reasoning competence acquisition.東京都立大学学位論文甲第1163号 副論

    The Japanese Clinical Practice Guideline for acute kidney injury 2016

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    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome which has a broad range of etiologic factors depending on different clinical settings. Because AKI has significant impacts on prognosis in any clinical settings, early detection and intervention are necessary to improve the outcomes of AKI patients. This clinical guideline for AKI was developed by a multidisciplinary approach with nephrology, intensive care medicine, blood purification, and pediatrics. Of note, clinical practice for AKI management which was widely performed in Japan was also evaluated with comprehensive literature search

    DOCK2 is involved in the host genetics and biology of severe COVID-19

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    「コロナ制圧タスクフォース」COVID-19疾患感受性遺伝子DOCK2の重症化機序を解明 --アジア最大のバイオレポジトリーでCOVID-19の治療標的を発見--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2022-08-10.Identifying the host genetic factors underlying severe COVID-19 is an emerging challenge. Here we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) involving 2, 393 cases of COVID-19 in a cohort of Japanese individuals collected during the initial waves of the pandemic, with 3, 289 unaffected controls. We identified a variant on chromosome 5 at 5q35 (rs60200309-A), close to the dedicator of cytokinesis 2 gene (DOCK2), which was associated with severe COVID-19 in patients less than 65 years of age. This risk allele was prevalent in East Asian individuals but rare in Europeans, highlighting the value of genome-wide association studies in non-European populations. RNA-sequencing analysis of 473 bulk peripheral blood samples identified decreased expression of DOCK2 associated with the risk allele in these younger patients. DOCK2 expression was suppressed in patients with severe cases of COVID-19. Single-cell RNA-sequencing analysis (n = 61 individuals) identified cell-type-specific downregulation of DOCK2 and a COVID-19-specific decreasing effect of the risk allele on DOCK2 expression in non-classical monocytes. Immunohistochemistry of lung specimens from patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia showed suppressed DOCK2 expression. Moreover, inhibition of DOCK2 function with CPYPP increased the severity of pneumonia in a Syrian hamster model of SARS-CoV-2 infection, characterized by weight loss, lung oedema, enhanced viral loads, impaired macrophage recruitment and dysregulated type I interferon responses. We conclude that DOCK2 has an important role in the host immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection and the development of severe COVID-19, and could be further explored as a potential biomarker and/or therapeutic target
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