6,286 research outputs found

    Links, two-handles, and four-manifolds

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    We show that only finitely many links in a closed 3-manifold share the same complement, up to twists along discs and annuli. Using the same techniques, we prove that by adding 2-handles on the same link we get only finitely many smooth cobordisms between two given closed 3-manifolds. As a consequence, there are finitely many smooth closed 4-manifolds constructed from some Kirby diagram with bounded number of crossings, discs, and strands, or from some Turaev special shadow with bounded number of vertices. (These are the 4-dimensional analogues of Heegaard diagrams and special spines for 3-manifolds.) We therefore get two filtrations on the set of all smooth closed 4-manifolds with finite sets. The two filtrations are equivalent after linear rescalings, and their cardinality grows at least as n^{c*n}.Comment: 23 pages, 9 figures. Final versio

    Hyperbolic three-manifolds that embed geodesically

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    We prove that every complete finite-volume hyperbolic 3-manifold MM that is tessellated into right-angled regular polyhedra (dodecahedra or ideal octahedra) embeds geodesically in a complete finite-volume connected orientable hyperbolic 4-manifold WW, which is also tessellated into right-angled regular polytopes (120-cells and ideal 24-cells). If MM is connected, then Vol(WW) < 2492^{49}Vol(MM). This applies for instance to the Whitehead and the Borromean links complements. As a consequence, the Borromean link complement bounds geometrically a hyperbolic 4-manifold.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figures. Minor corrections from the previous version

    Complexity of 3-manifolds

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    We give a summary of known results on Matveev's complexity of compact 3-manifolds. The only relevant new result is the classification of all closed orientable irreducible 3-manifolds of complexity 10.Comment: 26 pages, 7 figures, minor correction

    A finite set of local moves for Kirby calculus

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    We exhibit a finite set of local moves that connect any two surgery presentations of the same 3-manifold via framed links in the three-sphere. The moves are handle-slides and blow-downs/ups of a particular simple kind.Comment: 5 pages, 9 figures, minor changes following referee's suggestion

    Countable groups are mapping class groups of hyperbolic 3-manifolds

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    We prove that for every countable group G there exists a hyperbolic 3-manifold M such that the isometry group of M, the mapping class group of M, and the outer automorphism group of the fundamental group of M are isomorphic to G.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figure

    Dehn filling of the "magic" 3-manifold

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    We classify all the non-hyperbolic Dehn fillings of the complement of the chain-link with 3 components, conjectured to be the smallest hyperbolic 3-manifold with 3 cusps. We deduce the classification of all non-hyperbolic Dehn fillings of infinitely many 1-cusped and 2-cusped hyperbolic manifolds, including most of those with smallest known volume. Among other consequences of this classification, we mention the following: - for every integer n we can prove that there are infinitely many hyperbolic knots in the 3-sphere having exceptional surgeries n, n+1, n+2, n+3, with n+1, n+2 giving small Seifert manifolds and n, n+3 giving toroidal manifolds; - we exhibit a 2-cusped hyperbolic manifold that contains a pair of inequivalent knots having homeomorphic complements; - we exhibit a chiral 3-manifold containing a pair of inequivalent hyperbolic knots with orientation-preservingly homeomorphic complements; - we give explicit lower bounds for the maximal distance between small Seifert fillings and any other kind of exceptional filling.Comment: 56 pages, 10 figures, 16 tables. Some consequences of the classification adde
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