391 research outputs found

    The Past, puzzles, and promise of 6-branes

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    The fact that both the D6-brane and the orientifold 6-plane have smooth, horizon-free descriptions in M-theory makes them especially useful in understanding certain aspects of brane physics. We briefly review how this connection has been used to understand a number of effects, several of which are associated with the Hanany-Witten transition. One particular outcome is a "confinement mod 2" effect for zero-branes in the background of a single D8-brane. We also discuss an interesting puzzle associated with flux-expulsion from D6-branes in this context. Finally, we discuss the promise of using a similar M-theoretic description of the orientifold 6-plane to understand the consistency of stringy negative energy objects with the 2nd law of black hole thermodynamics.Comment: Contribution to the proceedings of the 10th Tohwa International Symposium, Fukuoka, Japan, July 3-7, 2001. 12 pages, 1 figur

    Emergent Gravity requires (kinematic) non-locality

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    This work refines arguments forbidding non-linear dynamical gravity from appearing in the low energy effective description of field theories with local kinematics, even for those with instantaneous long-range interactions. Specifically, we note that gravitational theories with universal coupling to energy -- an intrinsically non-linear phenomenon -- are characterized by Hamiltonians that are pure boundary terms on shell. In order for this to be the low energy effective description of a field theory with local kinematics, all bulk dynamics must be frozen and thus irrelevant to the construction. The result applies to theories defined either on a lattice or in the continuum, and requires neither Lorentz-invariance nor translation-invariance.Comment: 7 pages + title page & reference

    The Black Hole information problem: past, present, and future

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    We give a brief overview of the black hole information problem emphasizing fundamental issues and recent proposals for its resolution. The focus is on broad perspective and providing a guide to current literature rather than presenting full details. We concentrate on resolutions restoring naive unitarity.Comment: Key Issues Review for Reports on Progress of Physics, 20 pages, minor change

    The Spectral Analysis Inner Product for Quantum Gravity

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    This submission to the Proceedings of the Seventh Marcel-Grossman Conference is an advertisement for the use of the ``spectral analysis inner product" for minisuperspace models in quantum gravity.Comment: 5 pages LaTex, UCSBTH-94-38, CGPG-94/9-

    Poisson Bracket on the Space of Histories

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    We extend the Poisson bracket from a Lie bracket of phase space functions to a Lie bracket of functions on the space of canonical histories and investigate the resulting algebras. Typically, such extensions define corresponding Lie algebras on the space of Lagrangian histories via pull back to a space of partial solutions. These are the same spaces of histories studied with regard to path integration and decoherence. Such spaces of histories are familiar from path integration and some studies of decoherence. For gauge systems, we extend both the canonical and reduced Poisson brackets to the full space of histories. We then comment on the use of such algebras in time reparameterization invariant systems and systems with a Gribov ambiguity, though our main goal is to introduce concepts and techniques for use in a companion paper.Comment: 25 pages REVTEX, CGPG-93/8-4 (minor changes made

    An illustration of 2+1 gravity loop transform troubles

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    A nonperturbative approach to quantum gravity that has generated much discussion is the attempt to construct a ``loop representation." Despite it's success in linear quantum theories and a part of 2+1 quantum gravity, it has recently been noticed that difficulties arise with loop representations in a different ``sector" of 2+1 gravity. The problems are related to the use of the ``loop transform" in the construction of the loop representation. We illustrate these difficulties by exploring an analogy based on the Mellin transform which allows us to work in a context that is both mathematically and physically simple and that does not require an understanding either of loop representations or of 2+1 gravity.Comment: 6 pages, latex, SU-GP-93/3-
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