87 research outputs found

    On the space of elliptic genera

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    Invariance under modular transformations and spectral flow restrict the possible spectra of superconformal field theories (SCFT). This paper presents a technique to calculate the number of constraints on the polar spectra of N=(2,2) and N=(4,0) SCFT's by analyzing the elliptic genus. The polar spectrum corresponds to the principal part of a Laurent expansion derived from the elliptic genus. From the point of view of the AdS_3/CFT_2 correspondence, these are the states which lie below the cosmic censorship bound in classical gravity. The dimension of the space of elliptic genera is obtained as the number of coefficients of the principal part minus the number of constraints. As an additional illustration of the technique, the constraints on the spectrum of N=4 topologically twisted Yang-Mills on CP^2 are discussed.Comment: 31 pages, published versio

    BPS invariants of semi-stable sheaves on rational surfaces

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    BPS invariants are computed, capturing topological invariants of moduli spaces of semi-stable sheaves on rational surfaces. For a suitable stability condition, it is proposed that the generating function of BPS invariants of a Hirzebruch surface takes the form of a product formula. BPS invariants for other stability conditions and other rational surfaces are obtained using Harder-Narasimhan filtrations and the blow-up formula. Explicit expressions are given for rank <4 sheaves on a Hirzebruch surface or the projective plane. The applied techniques can be applied iteratively to compute invariants for higher rank.Comment: 26 pages, version submitted to journa

    The Betti numbers of the moduli space of stable sheaves of rank 3 on P2

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    This article computes the generating functions of the Betti numbers of the moduli space of stable sheaves of rank 3 on the projective plane P2 and its blow-up. Wall-crossing is used to obtain the Betti numbers on the blow-up. These can be derived equivalently using flow trees, which appear in the physics of BPS-states. The Betti numbers for P2 follow from those for the blow-up by the blow-up formula. The generating functions are expressed in terms of modular functions and indefinite theta functions.Comment: 15 pages, final versio

    Identities for generalized Appell functions and the blow-up formula

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    In this paper, we prove identities for a class of generalized Appell functions which are based on the A⁡2\operatorname{A}_2 root lattice. The identities are reminiscent of periodicity relations for the classical Appell function, and are proven using only analytic properties of the functions. Moreover they are a consequence of the blow-up formula for generating functions of invariants of moduli spaces of semi-stable sheaves of rank 3 on rational surfaces. Our proof confirms that in the latter context, different routes to compute the generating function (using the blow-up formula and wall-crossing) do arrive at identical qq-series. The proof also gives a clear procedure for how to prove analogous identities for generalized Appell functions appearing in generating functions for sheaves with rank r>3r>3

    A 5d/2d/4d correspondence

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    We propose a correspondence between two-dimensional (0,4) sigma models with target space the moduli spaces of r monopoles, and four-dimensional N=4, U(r) Yang-Mills theory on del Pezzo surfaces. In particular, the two- and four-dimensional BPS partition functions are argued to be equal. The correspondence relies on insights from five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theory and its geometric engineering in M-theory, hence the name "5d/2d/4d correspondence". We provide various tests of our proposal. The most stringent ones are for r=1, for which we prove the equality of partition functions.Comment: 39 pages, final versio

    The Coulomb Branch Formula for Quiver Moduli Spaces

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    In recent series of works, by translating properties of multi-centered supersymmetric black holes into the language of quiver representations, we proposed a formula that expresses the Hodge numbers of the moduli space of semi-stable representations of quivers with generic superpotential in terms of a set of invariants associated to `single-centered' or `pure-Higgs' states. The distinguishing feature of these invariants is that they are independent of the choice of stability condition. Furthermore they are uniquely determined by the χy\chi_y-genus of the moduli space. Here, we provide a self-contained summary of the Coulomb branch formula, spelling out mathematical details but leaving out proofs and physical motivations.Comment: 24 pages. v2: final version; minor changes, including a new diagra
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