94 research outputs found

    Interacting Dark Matter as an Alternative to Dark Energy

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    We investigate the global dynamics of the universe within the framework of the Interacting Dark Matter (IDM) scenario. Considering that the dark matter obeys the collisional Boltzmann equation, we can obtain analytical solutions of the global density evolution, which can accommodate an accelerated expansion, equivalent to either the {\em quintessence} or the standard Λ\Lambda models. This is possible if there is a disequilibrium between the DM particle creation and annihilation processes with the former process dominating, which creates an effective source term with negative pressure. Comparing the predicted Hubble expansion of one of the IDM models (the simplest) with observational data, we find that the effective annihilation term is quite small, as suggested by various experiments.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures, Proceedings of 'Invisible Universe International Conference', Paris, June 29- July 3, 200

    Environmental Influences on the Morphology and Dynamics of Group Size Haloes

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    We use group size haloes identified with a ``friends of friends'' (FOF) algorithm in a concordance ΛCDM\Lambda \rm{CDM} GADGET2 (dark matter only) simulation to investigate the dependence of halo properties on the environment at z=0z=0. The study is carried out using samples of haloes at different distances from their nearest massive {\em cluster} halo. We find that the fraction of haloes with substructure typically increases in high density regions. The halo mean axial ratio also increases in overdense regions, a fact which is true for the whole range of halo mass studied. This can be explained as a reflection of an earlier halo formation time in high-density regions, which gives haloes more time to evolve and become more spherical. Moreover, this interpretation is supported by the fact that, at a given halo-cluster distance, haloes with substructure are more elongated than their equal mass counterparts with no substructure, reflecting that the virialization (and thus sphericalization) process is interrupted by merger events. The velocity dispersion of low mass haloes with strong substructure shows a significant increase near massive clusters with respect to equal mass haloes with low-levels of substructure or with haloes found in low-density environments. The alignment signal between the shape and the velocity ellipsoid principal axes decreases going from lower to higher density regions, while such an alignment is stronger for haloes without substructure. We also find, in agreement with other studies, a tendency of halo major axes to be aligned and of minor axes to lie roughly perpendicular with the orientation of the filament within which the halo is embedded, an effect which is stronger in the proximity of the massive clusters.Comment: 11 pages, 12 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Reconstructing Positions \& Peculiar Velocities of Galaxy Clusters within 25000 km/sec: The Bulk Velocity

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    Using a dynamical 3-D reconstruction procedure we estimate the peculiar velocities of R≥0R\ge0 Abell/ACO galaxy clusters from their measured redshift within 25000 km/sec. The reconstruction algorithm relies on the linear gravitational instability hypothesis, assumes linear biasing and requires an input value of the cluster β\beta-parameter (βc≡Ω∘0.6/bc\beta_c \equiv \Omega_{\circ}^{0.6}/b_c), which we estimated in Branchini \& Plionis (1995) to be βc≃0.21\beta_c\simeq 0.21. The resulting cluster velocity field is dominated by a large scale streaming motion along the Perseus Pisces--Great Attractor base-line directed towards the Shapley concentration, in qualitative agreement with the galaxy velocity field on smaller scales. Fitting the predicted cluster peculiar velocities to a dipole term, in the local group frame and within a distance of ∼18000\sim 18000 km/sec, we recover extremely well both the local group velocity and direction, in disagreement with the Lauer \& Postman (1994) observation. However, we find a ∼6%\sim 6\% probability that their observed velocity field could be a realization of our corresponding one, if the latter is convolved with their large distance dependent errors. Our predicted cluster bulk velocity amplitude agrees well with that deduced by the POTENT and the da Costa et al. (1995) analyses of observed galaxy motions at ∼5000−6000\sim 5000 - 6000 km/sec; it decreases thereafter while at the Lauer \& Postman limiting depth (∼15000\sim 15000 km/sec) its amplitude is ∼150\sim 150 km/sec, in comfortable agreement with most cosmological models.Comment: 8 pages, uuencoded compressed tarred postscript file uncluding text and 3 figures. Accepted in ApJ Letter

    Searching for cluster substructure using APM and ROSAT data

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    We present a detailed study of the morphological features of 22 rich galaxy clusters. Our sample is constructed from a cross-correlation of optical (Abell+APM) data with X-ray (0.1 - 2.4) keV ROSAT pointed observations. We systematically compare cluster images and morphological parameters in an attempt to reliably identify possible substructure in both optical and the X-ray images. To this end, we compute various moments of the optical and X-ray surface-brightness distribution such as the ellipticities, center-of-mass shifts and ellipsoidal orientations. We assess the significance of our results using Monte Carlo simulations. We find significant correlations between the optical and X-ray morphological parameters, indicating that in both parts of the spectrum it is possible to identify correctly the dynamical state of a cluster. Most of our clusters (17/22) have a good 1-to-1 correspondence between the optical and the X-ray images and about 10 appear to have strong indications of substructure. This corresponds to a minimum percentage of order 45 per cent which is in very good accordance with other similar analyses. Finally, 5 out of 22 systems seem to have distinct subclumps in the optical which are not verified in the X-ray images, and thus are suspect of being due to optical projection effects. These results will serve as a useful guide in interpreting subsequent analyses of large optical cluster catalogues.Comment: 15 pages, including 9 figures, MNRAS in press, revised versio
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