21,419 research outputs found

### Chaos in an Exact Relativistic 3-body Self-Gravitating System

We consider the problem of three body motion for a relativistic
one-dimensional self-gravitating system. After describing the canonical
decomposition of the action, we find an exact expression for the 3-body
Hamiltonian, implicitly determined in terms of the four coordinate and momentum
degrees of freedom in the system. Non-relativistically these degrees of freedom
can be rewritten in terms of a single particle moving in a two-dimensional
hexagonal well. We find the exact relativistic generalization of this
potential, along with its post-Newtonian approximation. We then specialize to
the equal mass case and numerically solve the equations of motion that follow
from the Hamiltonian. Working in hexagonal-well coordinates, we obtaining
orbits in both the hexagonal and 3-body representations of the system, and plot
the Poincare sections as a function of the relativistic energy parameter $\eta$. We find two broad categories of periodic and quasi-periodic motions that we
refer to as the annulus and pretzel patterns, as well as a set of chaotic
motions that appear in the region of phase-space between these two types.
Despite the high degree of non-linearity in the relativistic system, we find
that the the global structure of its phase space remains qualitatively the same
as its non-relativisitic counterpart for all values of $\eta$ that we could
study. However the relativistic system has a weaker symmetry and so its
Poincare section develops an asymmetric distortion that increases with
increasing $\eta$. For the post-Newtonian system we find that it experiences a
KAM breakdown for $\eta \simeq 0.26$: above which the near integrable regions
degenerate into chaos.Comment: latex, 65 pages, 36 figures, high-resolution figures available upon
reques

### 3-Body Dynamics in a (1+1) Dimensional Relativistic Self-Gravitating System

The results of our study of the motion of a three particle, self-gravitating
system in general relativistic lineal gravity is presented for an arbitrary
ratio of the particle masses. We derive a canonical expression for the
Hamiltonian of the system and discuss the numerical solution of the resulting
equations of motion. This solution is compared to the corresponding
non-relativistic and post-Newtonian approximation solutions so that the
dynamics of the fully relativistic system can be interpretted as a correction
to the one-dimensional Newtonian self-gravitating system. We find that the
structure of the phase space of each of these systems yields a large variety of
interesting dynamics that can be divided into three distinct regions: annulus,
pretzel, and chaotic; the first two being regions of quasi-periodicity while
the latter is a region of chaos. By changing the relative masses of the three
particles we find that the relative sizes of these three phase space regions
changes and that this deformation can be interpreted physically in terms of the
gravitational interactions of the particles. Furthermore, we find that many of
the interesting characteristics found in the case where all of the particles
share the same mass also appears in our more general study. We find that there
are additional regions of chaos in the unequal mass system which are not
present in the equal mass case. We compare these results to those found in
similar systems.Comment: latex, 26 pages, 17 figures, high quality figures available upon
request; typos and grammar correcte

### Dynamical N-body Equlibrium in Circular Dilaton Gravity

We obtain a new exact equilibrium solution to the N-body problem in a
one-dimensional relativistic self-gravitating system. It corresponds to an
expanding/contracting spacetime of a circle with N bodies at equal proper
separations from one another around the circle. Our methods are
straightforwardly generalizable to other dilatonic theories of gravity, and
provide a new class of solutions to further the study of (relativistic)
one-dimensional self-gravitating systems.Comment: 4 pages, latex, reference added, minor changes in wordin

### Higher Gauge Theory and Gravity in (2+1) Dimensions

Non-abelian higher gauge theory has recently emerged as a generalization of
standard gauge theory to higher dimensional (2-dimensional in the present
context) connection forms, and as such, it has been successfully applied to the
non-abelian generalizations of the Yang-Mills theory and 2-form
electrodynamics. (2+1)-dimensional gravity, on the other hand, has been a
fertile testing ground for many concepts related to classical and quantum
gravity, and it is therefore only natural to investigate whether we can find an
application of higher gauge theory in this latter context. In the present paper
we investigate the possibility of applying the formalism of higher gauge theory
to gravity in (2+1) dimensions, and we show that a nontrivial model of
(2+1)-dimensional gravity coupled to scalar and tensorial matter fields - the
$\Sigma\Phi EA$ model - can be formulated both as a standard gauge theory and
as a higher gauge theory. Since the model has a very rich structure - it admits
as solutions black-hole BTZ-like geometries, particle-like geometries as well
as Robertson-Friedman-Walker cosmological-like expanding geometries - this
opens a wide perspective for higher gauge theory to be tested and understood in
a relevant gravitational context. Additionally, it offers the possibility of
studying gravity in (2+1) dimensions coupled to matter in an entirely new
framework.Comment: 22 page

### Charged Lifshitz Black Holes

We investigate modifications of the Lifshitz black hole solutions due to the
presence of Maxwell charge in higher dimensions for arbitrary $z$ and any
topology. We find that the behaviour of large black holes is insensitive to the
topology of the solutions, whereas for small black holes significant
differences emerge. We generalize a relation previously obtained for neutral
Lifshitz black branes, and study more generally the thermodynamic relationship
between energy, entropy, and chemical potential. We also consider the effect of
Maxwell charge on the effective potential between objects in the dual theory.Comment: Latex, 28 pages, 14 figures, some references adde

### N-body Gravity and the Schroedinger Equation

We consider the problem of the motion of $N$ bodies in a self-gravitating
system in two spacetime dimensions. We point out that this system can be mapped
onto the quantum-mechanical problem of an N-body generalization of the problem
of the H$_{2}^{+}$ molecular ion in one dimension. The canonical gravitational
N-body formalism can be extended to include electromagnetic charges. We derive
a general algorithm for solving this problem, and show how it reduces to known
results for the 2-body and 3-body systems.Comment: 15 pages, Latex, references added, typos corrected, final version
that appears in CQ

### Chaos in a Relativistic 3-body Self-Gravitating System

We consider the 3-body problem in relativistic lineal gravity and obtain an
exact expression for its Hamiltonian and equations of motion. While
general-relativistic effects yield more tightly-bound orbits of higher
frequency compared to their non-relativistic counterparts, as energy increases
we find in the equal-mass case no evidence for either global chaos or a
breakdown from regular to chaotic motion, despite the high degree of
non-linearity in the system. We find numerical evidence for a countably
infinite class of non-chaotic orbits, yielding a fractal structure in the outer
regions of the Poincare plot.Comment: 9 pages, LaTex, 3 figures, final version to appear in Phys. Rev. Let

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