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    IMPLEMENTATION OF ISBAT NIKAH AT GARUT RELIGIOUS COURT

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    <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p>The applications for cases of marriage validation (isbat nikah) at the Religious Court of Garut have been increasing annually. This phenomenon arises due to a prevailing lack of legal awareness among the Garut community regarding the importance of formal registration in solemnizing marriages. This situation persists because the understanding of the validity of marriage is predominantly based on religious rites, with a noticeable absence of administrative recording. In our society, this practice is commonly referred to as "nikah siri" or unofficial marriages. Other reasons for not registering marriages include instances of out-of-wedlock pregnancies, compelling the parties involved to hasten their union, and underage marriages which render formal marriage requirements unattainable. Additionally, there are other factors such as economic, educational, or cultural considerations. Applications for isbat nikah are submitted to ascertain inheritance rights and to regulate cases of marriage that are not documented in the records of the Office of Religious Affairs. When examined from a juridical perspective, marriages recorded solely in religious ceremonies and without state documentation have notable ramifications, with one of the most prominent being the impact on children. The failure to register such marriages leaves the civil rights of wives and children unprotected by the law. The methodology employed is qualitative, utilizing an empirical juridical approach. This composition seeks to scrutinize the implementation of isbat nikah, along with the efforts and challenges encountered in the Religious Court of Garut. The execution of isbat nikah adheres to the procedures stipulated by legal regulations. However, the existing challenge lies in the difficulty of reaching the Garut community due to the extensive geography of Garut regency. Furthermore, there persists a prevalent understanding that the registration of marriage is not a fundamental principle. The endeavors undertaken to resolve isbat nikah cases in the Religious Court of Garut involve conducting mobile isbat nikah hearings and integrated isbat nikah hearings.</p&gt
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