315 research outputs found

    Differential Dyson-Schwinger equations for quantum chromodynamics

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    Using a technique devised by Bender, Milton and Savage, we derive the Dyson-Schwinger equations for quantum chromodynamics in differential form. We stop our analysis to the two-point functions. The 't~Hooft limit of color number going to infinity is derived showing how these equations can be cast into a treatable even if approximate form. It is seen how this limit gives a sound description of the low-energy behavior of quantum chromodynamics by discussing the dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry and confinement, providing a condition for the latter. This approach exploits a background field technique in quantum field theory.Comment: 20 pages, 2 figures. Version accepted for publication in European Physical Journal

    Infrared Gluon and Ghost Propagators

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    We derive the form of the infrared gluon propagator by proving a mapping in the infrared of the quantum Yang-Mills and λϕ4\lambda\phi^4 theories. The equivalence is complete at a classical level. But while at a quantum level, the correspondence is spoiled by quantum fluctuations in the ultraviolet limit, we prove that it holds in the infrared where the coupling constant happens to be very large. The infrared propagator is then obtained from the quantum field theory of the scalar field producing a full spectrum. The results are in fully agreement with recent lattice computations. We get a finite propagator at zero momentum, the ghost propagator going to infinity as 1/p2+2κ1/p^{2+2\kappa} with κ=0\kappa=0.Comment: 7 pages, no figure. After proofs correction. To appear in Physics Letters

    A strongly perturbed quantum system is a semiclassical system

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    We show that a strongly perturbed quantum system, being a semiclassical system characterized by the Wigner-Kirkwood expansion for the propagator, has the same expansion for the eigenvalues as for the WKB series. The perturbation series is rederived by the duality principle in perturbation theory.Comment: 4 pages, no figures. Accepted for publication in Proceedings of the Royal Society
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