180 research outputs found

    Dark Matter in Gauge Mediation from Emergent Supersymmetry

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    We investigated the viability of neutralino dark matter in the gauge mediation from emergent supersymmetry proposal. In this proposal, supersymmetry is broken at Planck scale and consequently, the gravitino is superheavy and completely decouples from the low energy theory. Squarks and sleptons obtain their soft masses dominantly through gauge mediation with other mechanisms highly suppressed. The lightest supersymmetric partner, in contrast to traditional gauge mediation, is a neutralino which is also a dark matter candidate. By explicit calculation of the low energy spectra, the parameter space was constrained using the WMAP observed relic density of dark matter, LEP2 Higgs mass bounds, collider bounds on supersymmetric partners and exotic B-meson decays. We found that the model has intriguing hybrid features such as a nearly gauge-mediated spectrum (the exception being the superheavy gravitino) but with a dominant mSUGRA-like bino-stau coannihilation channel and at large tanβ\tan \beta, A-resonance-like annihilation.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figure

    Baryon masses at second order in large-NN chiral perturbation theory

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    We consider flavor breaking in the the octet and decuplet baryon masses at second order in large-NN chiral perturbation theory, where NN is the number of QCD colors. We assume that 1/N1/NFms/Λmu,d/Λ,αEM1/N \sim 1/N_F \sim m_s / \Lambda \gg m_{u,d}/\Lambda, \alpha_{EM}, where NFN_F is the number of light quark flavors, and mu,d,s/Λm_{u,d,s} / \Lambda are the parameters controlling SU(NF)SU(N_F) flavor breaking in chiral perturbation theory. We consistently include non-analytic contributions to the baryon masses at orders mq3/2m_q^{3/2}, mq2lnmqm_q^2 \ln m_q, and (mqlnmq)/N(m_q \ln m_q) / N. The mq3/2m_q^{3/2} corrections are small for the relations that follow from SU(NF)SU(N_F) symmetry alone, but the corrections to the large-NN relations are large and have the wrong sign. Chiral power-counting and large-NN consistency allow a 2-loop contribution at order mq2lnmqm_q^2 \ln m_q, and a non-trivial explicit calculation is required to show that this contribution vanishes. At second order in the expansion, there are eight relations that are non-trivial consequences of the 1/N1/N expansion, all of which are well satisfied within the experimental errors. The average deviation at this order is 7 \MeV for the \De I = 0 mass differences and 0.35 \MeV for the \De I \ne 0 mass differences, consistent with the expectation that the error is of order 1/N210%1/N^2 \sim 10\%.Comment: 19 pages, 2 uuencoded ps figs, uses revte

    Boundary Terms and Junction Conditions for the DGP Pi-Lagrangian and Galileon

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    In the decoupling limit of DGP, Pi describes the brane-bending degree of freedom. It obeys second order equations of motion, yet it is governed by a higher derivative Lagrangian. We show that, analogously to the Einstein-Hilbert action for GR, the Pi-Lagrangian requires Gibbons-Hawking-York type boundary terms to render the variational principle well-posed. These terms are important if there are other boundaries present besides the DGP brane, such as in higher dimensional cascading DGP models. We derive the necessary boundary terms in two ways. First, we derive them directly from the brane-localized Pi-Lagrangian by demanding well-posedness of the action. Second, we calculate them directly from the bulk, taking into account the Gibbons-Hawking-York terms in the bulk Einstein-Hilbert action. As an application, we use the new boundary terms to derive Israel junction conditions for Pi across a sheet-like source. In addition, we calculate boundary terms and junction conditions for the galileons which generalize the DGP Pi-lagrangian, showing that the boundary term for the n-th order galileon is the (n-1)-th order galileon.Comment: 23 pages, 1 figure. Extended the analysis to the general galileon field. Version to appear in JHE

    Strong Conformal Dynamics at the LHC and on the Lattice

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    Conformal technicolor is a paradigm for new physics at LHC that may solve the problems of strong electroweak symmetry breaking for quark masses and precision electroweak data. We give explicit examples of conformal technicolor theories based on a QCD-like sector. We suggest a practical method to test the conformal dynamics of these theories on the lattice.Comment: v2: Generalized discussion of lattice measurement of hadron masses, references added, minor clarifications v3: references added, minor change

    Effective Action and Holography in 5D Gauge Theories

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    We apply the holographic method to 5D gauge theories on the warped interval. Our treatment includes the scalars associated with the fifth gauge field component, which appear as 4D Goldstone bosons in the holographic effective action. Applications are considered to two classes of models in which these scalars play an important role. In the Composite-Higgs (and/or Gauge-Higgs Unification) scenario, the scalars are interpreted as the Higgs field and we use the holographic recipe to compute its one-loop potential. In AdS/QCD models, the scalars are identified with the mesons and we compute holographically the Chiral Perturbation Theory Lagrangian up to p^4 order. We also discuss, using the holographic perspective, the effect of including a Chern-Simons term in the 5D gauge Lagrangian. We show that it makes a Wess-Zumino-Witten term to appear in the holographic effective action. This is immediately applied to AdS/QCD, where a Chern-Simons term is needed in order to mimic the Adler-Bardeen chiral anomaly.Comment: 37 pages; v2, minor changes, one reference added; v3, minor corrections, version published in JHE

    The Minimal Supersymmetric Fat Higgs Model

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    We present a calculable supersymmetric theory of a composite ``fat'' Higgs boson. Electroweak symmetry is broken dynamically through a new gauge interaction that becomes strong at an intermediate scale. The Higgs mass can easily be 200-450 GeV along with the superpartner masses, solving the supersymmetric little hierarchy problem. We explicitly verify that the model is consistent with precision electroweak data without fine-tuning. Gauge coupling unification can be maintained despite the inherently strong dynamics involved in electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetrizing the Standard Model therefore does not imply a light Higgs mass, contrary to the lore in the literature. The Higgs sector of the minimal Fat Higgs model has a mass spectrum that is distinctly different from the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures, REVTe

    Leptogenesis, neutrino masses and gauge unification

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    Leptogenesis is considered in its natural context where Majorana neutrinos fit in a gauge unification scheme and therefore couple to some extra gauge bosons. The masses of some of these gauge bosons are expected to be similar to those of the heavy Majorana particles, and this can have important consequences for leptogenesis. In fact, the effect can go both ways. Stricter bounds are obtained on one hand due to the dilution of the CP-violating effect by new decay and scattering channels, while, in a re-heating scheme, the presence of gauge couplings facilitates the re-population of the Majorana states. The latter effect allows in particular for smaller Dirac couplings.Comment: 11pages, 7 figures. v2: definition of the lepton asymmetry corrected, small numerical changes for the baryon number, conclusion does not change; typos corrected and references adde

    The Gaugephobic Higgs

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    We present a class of models that contains Randall-Sundrum and Higgsless models as limiting cases. Over a wide range of the parameter space WW scattering is mainly unitarized by Kaluza-Klein partners of the W and Z, and the Higgs particle has suppressed couplings to the gauge bosons. Such a gaugephobic Higgs can be significantly lighter than the 114 GeV LEP bound for a standard Higgs, or heavier than the theoretical upper bound. These models predict a suppressed single top production rate and unconventional Higgs phenomenology at the LHC: the Higgs production rates will be suppressed and the Higgs branching fractions modified. However, the more difficult the Higgs search at the LHC is, the easier the search for other light resonances (like Z', W', t', exotic fermions) will be.Comment: 20 pages, 3 figure
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