11,258 research outputs found

    Relic abundance of dark matter particles: new formulation and new result of abundance calculation

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    A new theoretical framework for computation of the relic abundance of cold dark matter particles such as LSP is presented and some generic features of new results are discussed. The most important is a generalization of the Boltzmann equation to include off-shell effects and its thermal average over cosmic medium. It is shown that at very low temperatures, much below the mass of annihilating particles, equilibrium abundance is suppressed only by powers of temperature instead of the exponential Boltzmann factor. This change gives a larger relic abundance when heavy particles freeze out at these low temperatures.Comment: 7 pages, LATEX file. Talk given at COSMO9

    Catastrophic Particle Production under Periodic Perturbation

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    We develop a formalism to investigate the behavior of quantum field and quantum ground state when the field is coupled to perturbation that periodically oscillates. Working in the Schroedinger picture of quantum field theory, we confirm that the phenomenon of parametric resonance in the classical theory implies an instability of quantum vacuum, and correspondingly it gives rise to catastrophic particle production if the oscillation lasts indefinitely; the produced number of particles exponentially increases without bound as time proceeds. The density matrix describing the limiting stage of the quantum state is determined by a small set of parameters. Moreover, the energy spectrum and the intensity of produced particles are worked out in greatest detail in the limit of weak coupling or small amplitude perturbation. In the case of strong coupling or large amplitude perturbation the leading adiabatic formula is derived. Application to cosmological fate of weakly interacting spinless fields (WISF) such as the invisible axion, the Polonyi, and the modular fields is discussed. Although very little effect is expected on the invisible axion, the Polonyi type field has a chance that it catastrophically decays at an early epoch without much production of entropy, provided that an intrinsic coupling is large enough.Comment: 33 page

    End Point of Hawking Evaporation -- Case of Integrable Model

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    Quantum back reaction due to NN massless fields may be worked out to a considerable detail in a variant of integrable dilaton gravity model in two dimensions. It is shown that there exists a critical mass of collapsing object of order â„ŹNĂ—\hbar N \times (cosmological constant)1/2^{1/2}, above which the end point of Hawking evaporation is two disconnected remnants of infinite extent, each separated by a mouth from the outside region. Deep inside the mouth there is a universal flux of radiation in all directions, in a form different from Hawking radiation. Below the critical mass no remnant is left behind, implying complete Hawking evaporation or even showing no sign of Hawking radiation. Existence of infinitely many static states of quantum nature is also demonstrated in this model.Comment: 11pages, TU/93/44

    Wormhole and Hawking Radiation

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    It is shown in a variant of two dimensional dilaton gravity theories that an arbitrary, localized massive source put in an initially regular spacetime gives rise to formation of the wormhole classically, without accompanying the curvature singularity. The semiclassical quantum correction under this wormhole spacetime yields Hawking radiation. It is expected, with the quantum back reaction added to the classical equation, that the information loss paradox may be resolved in this model.Comment: 9 pages, TU-93-44
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