32 research outputs found

    Neutrino oscillation physics at neutrino factories and beta beams

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    Optimization of a neutrino factory oscillation experiment

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    We discuss the optimization of a neutrino factory experiment for neutrino oscillation physics in terms of muon energy, baselines, and oscillation channels (gold, silver, platinum). In addition, we study the impact and requirements for detector technology improvements, and we compare the results to beta beams. We find that the optimized neutrino factory has two baselines, one at about 3000 to 5000km, the other at about 7500km (``magic'' baseline). The threshold and energy resolution of the golden channel detector have the most promising optimization potential. This, in turn, could be used to lower the muon energy from about 50GeV to about 20GeV. Furthermore, the inclusion of electron neutrino appearance with charge identification (platinum channel) could help for large values of \sin^2 2 \theta_{13}. Though tau neutrino appearance with charge identification (silver channel) helps, in principle, to resolve degeneracies for intermediate \sin^2 2 \theta_{13}, we find that alternative strategies may be more feasible in this parameter range. As far as matter density uncertainties are concerned, we demonstrate that their impact can be reduced by the combination of different baselines and channels. Finally, in comparison to beta beams and other alternative technologies, we clearly can establish a superior performance for a neutrino factory in the case \sin^2 2 \theta_{13} < 0.01.Comment: 51 pages, 25 figures, 6 tables, references corrected, final version to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Physics and optimization of beta-beams: From low to very high gamma

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    The physics potential of beta beams is investigated from low to very high gamma values and it is compared to superbeams and neutrino factories. The gamma factor and the baseline are treated as continuous variables in the optimization of the beta beam, while a fixed mass water Cherenkov detector or a totally active scintillator detector is assumed. We include in our discussion also the gamma dependence of the number of ion decays per year. For low gamma, we find that a beta beam could be a very interesting alternative to a superbeam upgrade, especially if it is operated at the second oscillation maximum to reduce correlations and degeneracies. For high gamma, we find that a beta beam could have a potential similar to a neutrino factory. In all cases, the sensitivity of the beta beams to CP violation is very impressive if similar neutrino and anti-neutrino event rates can be achieved.Comment: 34 pages, 16 figures, Fig. 2 modified, discussion improved, refs. added, version to appear in PR

    Prospects of accelerator and reactor neutrino oscillation experiments for the coming ten years

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    We analyze the physics potential of long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments planned for the coming ten years, where the main focus is the sensitivity limit to the small mixing angle θ13\theta_{13}. The discussed experiments include the conventional beam experiments MINOS, ICARUS, and OPERA, which are under construction, the planned superbeam experiments J-PARC to Super-Kamiokande and NuMI off-axis, as well as new reactor experiments with near and far detectors, represented by the Double-Chooz project. We perform a complete numerical simulation including systematics, correlations, and degeneracies on an equal footing for all experiments using the GLoBES software. After discussing the improvement of our knowledge on the atmospheric parameters θ23\theta_{23} and Δm312\Delta m^2_{31} by these experiments, we investigate the potential to determine θ13\theta_{13} within the next ten years in detail. Furthermore, we show that under optimistic assumptions and for θ13\theta_{13} close to the current bound, even the next generation of experiments might provide some information on the Dirac CP phase and the type of the neutrino mass hierarchy.Comment: 38 pages, 13 figures, Eqs. (1) and (5) corrected, small corrections in Figs. 8, 9, and Tab. 4, discussion improved, ref. added, version to appear in PRD, high resolution figures are available at http://www.sns.ias.edu/~winter/figs0403068.htm

    Combined potential of future long-baseline and reactor experiments

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    We investigate the determination of neutrino oscillation parameters by experiments within the next ten years. The potential of conventional beam experiments (MINOS, ICARUS, OPERA), superbeam experiments (T2K, NOvA), and reactor experiments (D-CHOOZ) to improve the precision on the ``atmospheric'' parameters Δm312\Delta m^2_{31}, θ23\theta_{23}, as well as the sensitivity to θ13\theta_{13} are discussed. Further, we comment on the possibility to determine the leptonic CP-phase and the neutrino mass hierarchy if θ13\theta_{13} turns out to be large.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Talk given by T.S. at the NOW2004 workshop, Conca Specchiulla (Otranto, Italy), 11--17 Sept. 200

    Neutrino Beams From Electron Capture at High Gamma

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    We investigate the potential of a flavor pure high gamma electron capture electron neutrino beam directed towards a large water cherenkov detector with 500 kt fiducial mass. The energy of the neutrinos is reconstructed by the position measurement within the detector and superb energy resolution capabilities could be achieved. We estimate the requirements for such a scenario to be competitive to a neutrino/anti-neutrino running at a neutrino factory with less accurate energy resolution. Although the requirements turn out to be extreme, in principle such a scenario could achieve as good abilities to resolve correlations and degeneracies in the search for sin^2(2 theta_13) and delta_CP as a standard neutrino factory experiment.Comment: 21 pages, 7 figures, revised version, to appear in JHEP, Fig.7 extended, minnor changes, results unchange

    From Double Chooz to Triple Chooz - Neutrino Physics at the Chooz Reactor Complex

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    We discuss the potential of the proposed Double Chooz reactor experiment to measure the neutrino mixing angle sin22θ13\sin^2 2\theta_{13}. We especially consider systematical uncertainties and their partial cancellation in a near and far detector operation, and we discuss implications of a delayed near detector startup. Furthermore, we introduce Triple Chooz, which is a possible upgrade scenario assuming a second, larger far detector, which could start data taking in an existing cavern five years after the first far detector. We review the role of the Chooz reactor experiments in the global context of future neutrino beam experiments. We find that both Double Chooz and Triple Chooz can play a leading role in the search for a finite value of sin22θ13\sin^2 2\theta_{13}. Double Chooz could achieve a sensitivity limit of 2102\sim 2 \cdot 10^{-2} at the 90%~confidence level after 5~years while the Triple Chooz setup could give a sensitivity below 10210^{-2}.Comment: 18 pages, 6 figure

    Reactor Neutrino Experiments with a Large Liquid Scintillator Detector

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    We discuss several new ideas for reactor neutrino oscillation experiments with a Large Liquid Scintillator Detector. We consider two different scenarios for a measurement of the small mixing angle θ13\theta_{13} with a mobile νˉe\bar{\nu}_e source: a nuclear-powered ship, such as a submarine or an icebreaker, and a land-based scenario with a mobile reactor. The former setup can achieve a sensitivity to sin22θ130.003\sin^2 2\theta_{13} \lesssim 0.003 at the 90% confidence level, while the latter performs only slightly better than Double Chooz. Furthermore, we study the precision that can be achieved for the solar parameters, sin22θ12\sin^2 2\theta_{12} and Δm212\Delta m_{21}^2, with a mobile reactor and with a conventional power station. With the mobile reactor, a precision slightly better than from current global fit data is possible, while with a power reactor, the accuracy can be reduced to less than 1%. Such a precision is crucial for testing theoretical models, e.g. quark-lepton complementarity.Comment: 18 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables, revised version, to appear in JHEP, Fig. 1 extended, Formula added, minor changes, results unchange

    On a model with two zeros in the neutrino mass matrix

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    We consider a Majorana neutrino mass matrix Mν\mathcal{M}_\nu with (Mν)μμ=(Mν)ττ=0(\mathcal{M}_\nu)_{\mu\mu} = (\mathcal{M}_\nu)_{\tau\tau} = 0, in the basis where the charged-lepton mass matrix is diagonal. We show that this pattern for the lepton mass matrices can be enforced by extending the Standard Model with three scalar SU(2) triplets and by using a horizontal symmetry group \mathbbm{Z}_4. The Ma--Sarkar (type-II seesaw) mechanism leads to very small vacuum expectation values for the triplets, thus explaining the smallness of the neutrino masses; at the same time, that mechanism renders the physical scalars originating in the triplets very heavy. We show that the conditions (Mν)μμ=(Mν)ττ=0(\mathcal{M}_\nu)_{\mu\mu} = (\mathcal{M}_\nu)_{\tau\tau} = 0 allow both for a normal neutrino mass spectrum and for an inverted one. In the first case, the neutrino masses must be larger than 0.1eV0.1 {eV} and the atmospheric mixing angle θ23\theta_{23} must be practically equal to 4545^\circ. In the second case, the product sinθ13tan2θ23\sin{\theta_{13}} | \tan{2 \theta_{23}} | must be of order one or larger, thus correlating the large or maximal atmospheric neutrino mixing with the smallness of the mixing angle θ13\theta_{13}.Comment: 13 pages, no figures, plain LaTeX; one equation added, published references updated, final version for J. Phys.