703 research outputs found

    Viscous dark energy and generalized second law of thermodynamics

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    We examine the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics in a non-flat universe in the presence of viscous dark energy. At first we assume that the universe filled only with viscous dark energy. Then, we extend our study to the case where there is an interaction between viscous dark energy and pressureless dark matter. We examine the time evolution of the total entropy, including the entropy associated with the apparent horizon and the entropy of the viscous dark energy inside the apparent horizon. Our study show that the generalized second law of thermodynamics is always protected in a universe filled with interacting viscous dark energy and dark matter in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon. Finally, we show that the the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled for a universe filled with interacting viscous dark energy and dark matter in the sense that we take into account the Casimir effect.Comment: 12 page

    The Self-Gravitational Corrections as the Source for Stiff Matter on the Brane in SAdS5SAdS_5 Bulk

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    A D3D3- brane with non-zero energy density is considered as the boundary of a five dimensional Schwarzschild anti de Sitter bulk background. Taking into account the semi-classical corrections to the black hole entropy that arise as a result of the self-gravitational effect, and employing the AdS/CFT correspondence, we obtain the self-gravitational correction to the first Friedmann-like equation. The additional term in the Hubble equation due to the self-gravitational effect goes as a6a^{-6}. Thus, the self-gravitational corrections act as a source of stiff matter contrary to standard FRW cosmology where the charge of the black hole plays this role.Comment: 7 pages, no figur
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