2,775 research outputs found

    CP-odd Phases in Slepton Pair Production

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    The effects of CP-odd supersymmetric phases on slepton pair production are considered. It is shown that CP-even observables in e+ee^+ e^- and eee^- e^- collisions, such as the total selectron cross section, can depend on CP-odd supersymmetric phases through interference between different tree level amplitudes. Left handed selectron pair production in eee^- e^- collisions is particularly sensitive to the relative phase between the bino and wino masses. This sensitivity is not limited to any kinematic regime and extends over all of neutralino parameter space. The relative phase between the bino and wino masses is a renormalization group invariant at one-loop, and as such provides a clean probe for operators which violate gaugino universality at the messenger scale.Comment: Latex, 12 pages, 3 figures, to appear in the proceedings of the the Second International Workshop on Electron-Electron Interactions at TeV Energie

    Vacuum Stability of the PT\mathcal{PT}-Symmetric (ϕ4)\left( -\phi^{4}\right) Scalar Field Theory

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    In this work, we study the vacuum stability of the classical unstable (ϕ4)\left( -\phi^{4}\right) scalar field potential. Regarding this, we obtained the effective potential, up to second order in the coupling, for the theory in 1+11+1 and 2+12+1 space-time dimensions. We found that the obtained effective potential is bounded from below, which proves the vacuum stability of the theory in space-time dimensions higher than the previously studied 0+10+1 case. In our calculations, we used the canonical quantization regime in which one deals with operators rather than classical functions used in the path integral formulation. Therefore, the non-Hermiticity of the effective field theory is obvious. Moreover, the method we employ implements the canonical equal-time commutation relations and the Heisenberg picture for the operators. Thus, the metric operator is implemented in the calculations of the transition amplitudes. Accordingly, the method avoids the very complicated calculations needed in other methods for the metric operator. To test the accuracy of our results, we obtained the exponential behavior of the vacuum condensate for small coupling values, which has been obtained in the literature using other methods. We assert that this work is interesting, as all the studies in the literature advocate the stability of the (ϕ4)\left( -\phi^{4}\right) theory at the quantum mechanical level while our work extends the argument to the level of field quantization.Comment: 20 pages, 4 figures, appendix added and more details have been added to

    A Field Theory Model With a New Lorentz-Invariant Energy Scale

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    A framework is proposed that allows to write down field theories with a new energy scale while explicitly preserving Lorentz invariance and without spoiling the features of standard quantum field theory which allow quick calculations of scattering amplitudes. If the invariant energy is set to the Planck scale, these deformed field theories could serve to model quantum gravity phenomenology. The proposal is based on the idea, appearing for example in Deformed Special Relativity, that momentum space could be curved rather than flat. This idea is implemented by introducing a fifth dimension and imposing an extra constraint on physical field configurations in addition to the mass shell constraint. It is shown that a deformed interacting scalar field theory is unitary. Also, a deformed version of QED is argued to give scattering amplitudes that reproduce the usual ones in the leading order. Possibilities for experimental signatures are discussed, but more work on the framework's consistency and interpretation is necessary to make concrete predictions.Comment: 20 page

    Two-photon exchange model for production of neutral meson pairs in e+e- annihilation

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    A vector-dominance two-photon exchange model is proposed to explain the recently observed production of ρ0ρ0\rho^0\rho^0 and ρ0ϕ\rho^0\phi pairs in e+ee^+e^- annihilation at 10.58 GeV with the BaBar detector. All the observed features of the data --angular and decay distributions, rates-- are in agreement with the model. Predictions are made for yet-unobserved final states.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figures, 1 tabl

    Dominant 2πγ2\pi\gamma-exchange nucleon-nucleon interaction: Spin-spin and tensor potentials

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    We calculate at two-loop order in chiral perturbation theory the electromagnetic corrections to the two-pion exchange nucleon-nucleon interaction that is generated by the isovector spin-flip ππNN\pi\pi NN contact-vertex proportional to the large low-energy constant c43.4c_4\simeq 3.4 GeV1^{-1}. We find that the respective 2πγ2\pi\gamma-exchange potentials contain sizeable isospin-breaking components which reach up to -4% of corresponding isovector 2π2\pi-exchange potentials. The typical values of these novel charge-independence breaking spin-spin and tensor potentials are 0.11-0.11 MeV and 0.090.09 MeV, at a nucleon distance of r=mπ1=1.4r=m_\pi^{-1}=1.4 fm. The charge-symmetry breaking spin-spin and tensor potentials come out a factor of 2.4 smaller. Our analytical results for these presumably dominant isospin-violating spin-spin and tensor NN-forces are in a form such that they can be easily implemented into phase-shift analyses and few-body calculations.Comment: 7 pages, 1 figure, 2 tables, to be published in Physical Review C: Brief report

    Electromagnetic corrections to the dominant two-pion exchange nucleon-nucleon potential

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    We calculate at two-loop order in chiral perturbation theory the electromagnetic corrections to the dominant two-pion exchange nucleon-nucleon interaction that is generated by the isoscalar πN\pi N contact-vertex proportional to the large low-energy constant c3c_3. We find that the respective 2πγ2\pi\gamma-exchange potential contains sizeable isospin-breaking components which amount to about -1% of the strongly attractive isoscalar central 2π2\pi-exchange potential. The typical value of these novel charge-independence and charge-symmetry breaking central potentials is 0.30.3 MeV at a nucleon distance of r=mπ1=1.4r= m_\pi^{-1} = 1.4 fm. Our analytical result for this presumably dominant 2πγ2\pi\gamma-exchange interaction is in a form such that it can be easily implemented into phase-shift analyses and few-body calculations.Comment: 7 pages, 1 figure, to be published in Physical Review C (2006): Brief Report

    About flavor, spin and color

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    Chiral symmetry breaking (restoration) for SU(N) gauge theories is a topic of great interest and not yet fully explained. We consider the phenomenon as a collective spin effect and determine its behavior in terms of the number of flavors, N_f.Comment: version to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Theory of quasiparticle interference on the surface of a strong topological insulator

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    Electrons on the surface of a strong topological insulator, such as Bi2Te3 or Bi1-xSnx, form a topologically protected helical liquid whose excitation spectrum contains an odd number of massless Dirac fermions. A theoretical survey and classification is given of the universal features, observable by the ordinary and spin-polarized scanning tunneling spectroscopy, in the interference patterns resulting from the quasiparticle scattering by magnetic and non-magnetic impurities in such a helical liquid. Our results confirm the absence of backscattering from non-magnetic impurities observed in recent experiments and predict new interference features, uniquely characteristic of the helical liquid, when the scatterers are magnetic.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, 1 table. Version to appear in PRB/RC; Typos correcte

    Effective Field calculations of the Energy Spectrum of the PT\mathcal{PT}% -Symmetric (x4-x^{4}) Potential

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    In this work, we show that the traditional effective field approach can be applied to the PT\mathcal{PT}-symmetric wrong sign (x4-x^{4}) quartic potential. The importance of this work lies in the possibility of its extension to the more important PT\mathcal{PT}-symmetric quantum field theory while the other approaches which use complex contours are not willing to be applicable. We calculated the effective potential of the massless x4-x^{4} theory as well as the full spectrum of the theory. Although the calculations are carried out up to first order in the coupling, the predicted spectrum is very close to the exact one taken from other works. The most important result of this work is that the effective potential obtained, which is equivalent to the Gaussian effective potential, is bounded from below while the classical potential is bounded from above. This explains the stability of the vacuum of the theory. The obtained quasi-particle Hamiltonian is non-Hermitian but PT\mathcal{PT}-symmetric and we showed that the calculation of the metric operator can go perturbatively. In fact, the calculation of the metric operator can be done even for higher dimensions (quantum field theory) which, up till now, can not be calculated in the other approaches either perturbatively or in a closed form due to the possible appearance of field radicals. Moreover, we argued that the effective theory is perturbative for the whole range of the coupling constant and the perturbation series is expected to converge rapidly (the effective coupling geff=1/6g_{eff}={1/6}).Comment: 14 pages, 5 figure
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