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    小孝袪袗孝袝袚袉效袧袝 袩袥袗袧校袙袗袧袧携 袘袉袟袧袝小-袛袉携袥鞋袧袨小孝袉 小孝袨袦袗孝袨袥袨袚袉效袧袨袚袨 笑袝袧孝袪校, 袨小袧袨袙袗袧袨袚袨 袧袗 袟袗小袗袛袗啸 袛袝袪袞袗袙袧袨-袩袪袠袙袗孝袧袨袚袨 袩袗袪孝袧袝袪小孝袙袗

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    Purpose: to substantiate scientifically the methodology of strategic planning in a dental medical center based on the principles of public-private partnership. Materials and Methods. The method of strategic planning in the dental center was developed on the basis of a systematic approach and system analysis using information-analytical method. The information base for its formation was the scientific works of specialists in the organization and management of health care, as well as the results of their own research. The information base for its formation was the scientific works of specialists in the organization and management of health care, as well as the results of their own research. Results. The article presents the methodology of strategic planning of business 鈥 activities of the dental center on the principles of public-private partnership, which includes a sequence of planning stages, a schedule and monitoring of their implementation. The proposed methodology creates organizational and methodological conditions for conducting strategic management and contributes to the economic efficiency of the center鈥檚 activities. The methodology is especially important for centers on the principles of public-private partnership, since their activities are aimed primarily at meeting the needs of the population in a wide range of services necessary to maintain dental health. Conclusions. The proposed methodology for strategic planning of business processes will be used in the development of an optimized functional and organizational model of the dental center, which operates on the principles of public-private partnership.袦械褌邪: 薪邪褍泻芯胁芯 芯斜覒褉褍薪褌褍胁邪褌懈 屑械褌芯写懈泻褍 蟹写褨泄褋薪械薪薪褟 褋褌褉邪褌械谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 锌谢邪薪褍胁邪薪薪褟 褍 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯屑褍 屑械写懈褔薪芯屑褍 褑械薪褌褉褨, 芯褋薪芯胁邪薪芯屑褍 薪邪 锌褉懈薪褑懈锌邪褏 写械褉卸邪胁薪芯-锌褉懈胁邪褌薪芯谐芯 锌邪褉褌薪械褉褋褌胁邪. 袦邪褌械褉褨邪谢懈 褨 屑械褌芯写懈. 袦械褌芯写懈泻褍 褋褌褉邪褌械谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 锌谢邪薪褍胁邪薪薪褟 褍 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯屑褍 褑械薪褌褉褨 芯斜覒褉褍薪褌芯胁邪薪芯 薪邪 芯褋薪芯胁褨 褋懈褋褌械屑薪芯谐芯 锌褨写褏芯写褍 褨 褋懈褋褌械屑薪芯谐芯 邪薪邪谢褨蟹褍 褨蟹 胁懈泻芯褉懈褋褌邪薪薪褟屑 褨薪褎芯褉屑邪褑褨泄薪芯-邪薪邪谢褨褌懈褔薪芯谐芯 屑械褌芯写褍. 袉薪褎芯褉屑邪褑褨泄薪芯褞 斜邪蟹芯褞 写谢褟 褩褩 褎芯褉屑褍胁邪薪薪褟 褦 薪邪褍泻芯胁褨 锌褉邪褑褨 褎邪褏褨胁褑褨胁 褨蟹 芯褉谐邪薪褨蟹邪褑褨褩 褌邪 褍锌褉邪胁谢褨薪薪褟 芯褏芯褉芯薪芯褞 蟹写芯褉芯胁鈥櫻, 邪 褌邪泻芯卸 褉械蟹褍谢褜褌邪褌懈 胁谢邪褋薪懈褏 写芯褋谢褨写卸械薪褜. 袪械蟹褍谢褜褌邪褌懈. 校 褋褌邪褌褌褨 锌褉械写褋褌邪胁谢械薪芯 屑械褌芯写懈泻褍 褋褌褉邪褌械谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 锌谢邪薪褍胁邪薪薪褟 斜褨蟹薪械褋-写褨褟谢褜薪芯褋褌褨 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 褑械薪褌褉褍 薪邪 锌褉懈薪褑懈锌邪褏 写械褉卸邪胁薪芯-锌褉懈胁邪褌薪芯谐芯 锌邪褉褌薪械褉褋褌胁邪, 褟泻邪 胁泻谢褞褔邪褦 锌芯褋谢褨写芯胁薪褨褋褌褜 械褌邪锌褨胁 锌谢邪薪褍胁邪薪薪褟, 谐褉邪褎褨泻 褨 屑芯薪褨褌芯褉懈薪谐 褩褏 锌褉芯胁械写械薪薪褟. 袟邪锌褉芯锌芯薪芯胁邪薪邪 屑械褌芯写懈泻邪 褋褌胁芯褉褞褦 芯褉谐邪薪褨蟹邪褑褨泄薪芯-屑械褌芯写懈褔薪褨 褍屑芯胁懈 写谢褟 锌褉芯胁械写械薪薪褟 褋褌褉邪褌械谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 屑械薪械写卸屑械薪褌褍 褌邪 褋锌褉懈褟褦 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔械薪薪褞 械泻芯薪芯屑褨褔薪芯褩 械褎械泻褌懈胁薪芯褋褌褨 写褨褟谢褜薪芯褋褌褨 褑械薪褌褉褍. 袦械褌芯写懈泻邪 褦 芯褋芯斜谢懈胁芯 胁邪卸谢懈胁芯褞 写谢褟 褑械薪褌褉褨胁, 芯褋薪芯胁邪薪懈褏 薪邪 锌褉懈薪褑懈锌邪褏 写械褉卸邪胁薪芯-锌褉懈胁邪褌薪芯谐芯 锌邪褉褌薪械褉褋褌胁邪, 芯褋泻褨谢褜泻懈 褩褏 写褨褟谢褜薪褨褋褌褜 薪邪褑褨谢械薪邪 薪邪褋邪屑锌械褉械写 薪邪 蟹邪写芯胁芯谢械薪薪褟 锌芯褌褉械斜 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 褍 褕懈褉芯泻芯屑褍 褋锌械泻褌褉褨 锌芯褋谢褍谐, 薪械芯斜褏褨写薪懈褏 写谢褟 蟹斜械褉械卸械薪薪褟 褨 蟹屑褨褑薪械薪薪褟 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 蟹写芯褉芯胁鈥櫻. 袙懈褋薪芯胁泻懈. 袟邪锌褉芯锌芯薪芯胁邪薪褍 屑械褌芯写懈泻褍 锌褉芯胁械写械薪薪褟 褋褌褉邪褌械谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 锌谢邪薪褍胁邪薪薪褟 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁 斜褍写械 胁懈泻芯褉懈褋褌邪薪芯 锌褉懈 褉芯蟹褉芯斜褑褨 芯锌褌懈屑褨蟹芯胁邪薪芯褩 褎褍薪泻褑褨芯薪邪谢褜薪芯-芯褉谐邪薪褨蟹邪褑褨泄薪芯褩 屑芯写械谢褨 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 褑械薪褌褉褍, 褟泻懈泄 锌褉邪褑褞褦 薪邪 锌褉懈薪褑懈锌邪褏 写械褉卸邪胁薪芯-锌褉懈胁邪褌薪芯谐芯 锌邪褉褌薪械褉褋褌胁邪

    Modern onkoepidemiological situation and timeliness of diagnosis of malignant neoplasms in Kiev

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    Background The urgency of the problem of malignant neoplasms (MN) is due to the increase in morbidity and a major role in the formation of premature mortality and disability of the population. Objective: to determine the oncoepidemiological situation and to evaluate the timeliness of the diagnosis of malignant neoplasms in Kyiv in 2007-2016. Materials and methods. Analysis of epidemiology of MN and timeliness of diagnosis of oncological diseases in Kiev was carried out on the basis of materials of the statistical reporting. Results During 2007-2016 the incidence of MN in Kiev grew by 10% (from 334.2 to 367.7 per 100 thousand population). The leading localizations of MN among the men are prostate gland (13.8%), skin (except melanoma) (11.8%), trachea, bronchi, lungs (10.3%), colon (8.5%), stomach (7.5%), rectum (5.7%), bladder (5.3%). Among the women: breast (22.7%), body of the uterus, cervix and ovary (18.4%), skin (except melanoma) (10.6%), colon (7.5%), thyroid glands (5.8%). During 2007-2016 the incidence of gastric and lung cancer decreased, and the incidence of breast cancer, cervix, uterus, skin, thyroid gland, prostate, colon increased. There is a problem of untimely diagnosis of malignant neoplasms even of visual localization. In 2016 25.2% cases of oral cavity cancer, 15.5%t 鈥 breast cancer and 12.7% - rectal cancer were detected in III - IV stages of the disease. Conclusions: The main directions of increasing the timeliness of the detection of cancer diseases among the residents of the capital should be the introduction of targeted screening programs, increasing of oncological alertness among primary health care physicians, and improving of organisation and equipment of diagnostic centers

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    Purpose: to scientifically substantiate the methodology of standardization of medical business-processes at the dental center, on the principles of public-private partnership. Materials and Methods. The methodology standardization of medical business-processes at the dental center was developed on the basis of a systematic approach and system analysis using information-analytical method. The information base for its formulations were scientific works of specialists in the organization and management of health care, and the results of own research. Results. The main objective of the radical change of medical business processes in the dental center on the principles of public-private partnership is the introduction of completely new ways of carrying out the work, restructuring of the production of services, which will increase the efficiency of management, financial and business activities and the quality of services. The research substantiates the methodology of structuring the activities of the dental center. The main medical business processes are identified with a list of key factors that shape them; defined events at the input and output of each group of business processes, as well as the necessary resources, functions and management impacts for their implementation. All this provides orientation of the dental center to the patient, increases the efficiency of resource use, improves control over the activities of medical personnel and improves the quality of medical care, which ultimately helps to improve the dental health of the population. Conclusions. The methodology of standardization of medical business processes, which ensures the formation of groups of business processes in the provision of dental care, provides a patient-oriented organization of the work of the dental center, increases the efficiency of the use of available resources, improves control over the activities of medical personnel, and improves the quality of medical care.袦械褌邪: 薪邪褍泻芯胁芯 芯斜覒褉褍薪褌褍胁邪褌懈 屑械褌芯写芯谢芯谐褨褞 褋褌邪薪写邪褉褌懈蟹邪褑褨褩 屑械写懈褔薪懈褏 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁 褍 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯屑褍 褑械薪褌褉褨 薪邪 锌褉懈薪褑懈锌邪褏 写械褉卸邪胁薪芯-锌褉懈胁邪褌薪芯谐芯 锌邪褉褌薪械褉褋褌胁邪. 袦邪褌械褉褨邪谢懈 褨 屑械褌芯写懈. 袦械褌芯写芯谢芯谐褨褞 褋褌邪薪写邪褉褌懈蟹邪褑褨褩 屑械写懈褔薪懈褏 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁 褍 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯屑褍 褑械薪褌褉褨 芯斜覒褉褍薪褌芯胁邪薪芯 薪邪 芯褋薪芯胁褨 褋懈褋褌械屑薪芯谐芯 锌褨写褏芯写褍 褨 褋懈褋褌械屑薪芯谐芯 邪薪邪谢褨蟹褍 褨蟹 胁懈泻芯褉懈褋褌邪薪薪褟屑 褨薪褎芯褉屑邪褑褨泄薪芯-邪薪邪谢褨褌懈褔薪芯谐芯 屑械褌芯写褍. 袉薪褎芯褉屑邪褑褨泄薪芯褞 斜邪蟹芯褞 写谢褟 褩褩 褎芯褉屑褍胁邪薪薪褟 褦 薪邪褍泻芯胁褨 锌褉邪褑褨 褎邪褏褨胁褑褨胁 褨蟹 芯褉谐邪薪褨蟹邪褑褨褩 褌邪 褍锌褉邪胁谢褨薪薪褟 芯褏芯褉芯薪芯褞 蟹写芯褉芯胁鈥櫻, 邪 褌邪泻芯卸 褉械蟹褍谢褜褌邪褌懈 胁谢邪褋薪懈褏 写芯褋谢褨写卸械薪褜. 袪械蟹褍谢褜褌邪褌懈. 袨褋薪芯胁薪邪 屑械褌邪 褉邪写懈泻邪谢褜薪芯褩 蟹屑褨薪懈 屑械写懈褔薪懈褏 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁 褍 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯屑褍 褑械薪褌褉褨 薪邪 锌褉懈薪褑懈锌邪褏 写械褉卸邪胁薪芯-锌褉懈胁邪褌薪芯谐芯 锌邪褉褌薪械褉褋褌胁邪 鈥 蟹邪锌褉芯胁邪写卸械薪薪褟 邪斜褋芯谢褞褌薪芯 薪芯胁懈褏 褋锌芯褋芯斜褨胁 胁懈泻芯薪邪薪薪褟 褉芯斜褨褌, 褉械褋褌褉褍泻褌褍褉懈蟹邪褑褨褟 胁懈褉芯斜薪懈褑褌胁邪 锌芯褋谢褍谐, 褖芯 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔懈褌褜 锌褨写胁懈褖械薪薪褟 械褎械泻褌懈胁薪芯褋褌褨 褍锌褉邪胁谢褨薪薪褟, 褎褨薪邪薪褋芯胁芯-谐芯褋锌芯写邪褉褋褜泻芯褩 写褨褟谢褜薪芯褋褌褨 褌邪 褟泻芯褋褌褨 锌芯褋谢褍谐. 校 写芯褋谢褨写卸械薪薪褨 蟹写褨泄褋薪械薪芯 芯斜覒褉褍薪褌褍胁邪薪薪褟 屑械褌芯写芯谢芯谐褨褩 褋褌褉褍泻褌褍褉懈蟹邪褑褨褩 写褨褟谢褜薪芯褋褌褨 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 褑械薪褌褉褍; 胁懈写褨谢械薪芯 芯褋薪芯胁薪褨 屑械写懈褔薪褨 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋懈 褨蟹 胁泻邪蟹邪薪薪褟屑 泻谢褞褔芯胁懈褏 褔懈薪薪懈泻褨胁, 褟泻褨 褩褏 褎芯褉屑褍褞褌褜; 胁懈蟹薪邪褔械薪芯 胁褏褨写薪褨 褌邪 胁懈褏褨写薪褨 锌芯写褨褩 泻芯卸薪芯褩 谐褉褍锌懈 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁, 邪 褌邪泻芯卸 薪械芯斜褏褨写薪褨 褉械褋褍褉褋懈, 褎褍薪泻褑褨褩 褨 泻械褉褍褞褔褨 胁锌谢懈胁懈 写谢褟 褩褏 褉械邪谢褨蟹邪褑褨褩. 袙褋械 褑械 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔褍褦 芯褉褨褦薪褌邪褑褨褞 褉芯斜芯褌懈 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 褑械薪褌褉褍 薪邪 锌邪褑褨褦薪褌邪, 锌褨写胁懈褖褍褦 械褎械泻褌懈胁薪褨褋褌褜 胁懈泻芯褉懈褋褌邪薪薪褟 薪邪褟胁薪懈褏 褉械褋褍褉褋褨胁, 锌芯泻褉邪褖褍褦 泻芯薪褌褉芯谢褜 薪邪写 写褨褟谢褜薪褨褋褌褞 屑械写懈褔薪芯谐芯 锌械褉褋芯薪邪谢褍 褨 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔褍褦 锌褨写胁懈褖械薪薪褟 褟泻芯褋褌褨 屑械写懈褔薪芯褩 写芯锌芯屑芯谐懈, 褖芯 胁 泻褨薪褑械胁芯屑褍 褉械蟹褍谢褜褌邪褌褨 褋锌褉懈褟褦 蟹斜械褉械卸械薪薪褞 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 蟹写芯褉芯胁鈥櫻 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟. 袙懈褋薪芯胁泻懈. 袟邪锌褉芯锌芯薪芯胁邪薪邪 褍 褋褌邪褌褌褨 屑械褌芯写芯谢芯谐褨褟 褋褌邪薪写邪褉褌懈蟹邪褑褨褩 屑械写懈褔薪懈褏 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁, 褟泻邪 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔褍褦 褎芯褉屑褍胁邪薪薪褟 谐褉褍锌 斜褨蟹薪械褋-锌褉芯褑械褋褨胁 锌褉懈 薪邪写邪薪薪褨 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯褩 写芯锌芯屑芯谐懈, 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔褍褦 锌邪褑褨褦薪褌芯褉褨褦薪褌芯胁邪薪褍 芯褉谐邪薪褨蟹邪褑褨褞 褉芯斜芯褌懈 褋褌芯屑邪褌芯谢芯谐褨褔薪芯谐芯 褑械薪褌褉褍, 锌褨写胁懈褖褍褦 械褎械泻褌懈胁薪褨褋褌褜 胁懈泻芯褉懈褋褌邪薪薪褟 薪邪褟胁薪懈褏 褉械褋褍褉褋褨胁, 锌芯泻褉邪褖褍褦 泻芯薪褌褉芯谢褜 蟹邪 写褨褟谢褜薪褨褋褌褞 屑械写懈褔薪芯谐芯 锌械褉褋芯薪邪谢褍, 蟹邪斜械蟹锌械褔褍褦 锌褨写胁懈褖械薪薪褟 褟泻芯褋褌褨 屑械写懈褔薪芯褩 写芯锌芯屑芯谐懈

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    Purpose: to determine the modern features of mortality, disability and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among the working age population (WAP) of Kyiv region, in comparison with Ukraine. Materials and Methods Analysis of mortality, disability and prevalence of CVD among WAP was carried out in dynamics for 2010鈥2019 and in comparison with Ukraine. Statistical data of the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, the Center of Medical Statistics of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, and Kyiv Regional Center of Medical Statistics were analyzed using the medical-statistical method. Results. CVD are the cause of significant losses of labor potential in Kyiv region. They account every third (36.2 %) case of death and every fifth (19.8 %) case of primary disability among the working-age population, and also account 24.1 % in the structure of the prevalence of diseases among this age group of population. Unfavorable trends in mortality, prevalence and primary morbidity of CVD among WAP in Kyiv region were revealed. The mortality rate from CVD in Kyiv region increased in 2019, compared to 2010, by 6.6 % (from 189.3 to 201.8 cases per 100 thousand of WAP). The prevalence of CVD increased during 2010鈥2018 by 15.7 % (from 3.858.0 to 4.462.4 per 10 thousand of WAP), and the primary incidence rate by 5.2 % (from 368.3 to 387.3 per 10 thousand of WAP). Regional levels of mortality from CVD exceed similar indicators in Ukraine by 1.2鈥1.3 times, and from ischemic heart disease (IHD) 鈥 by 1.5鈥1.7 times. The prevalence of ischemic heart disease in the region is 1.8 times higher than in Ukraine, cerebrovascular diseases 鈥 1.2 times, the incidence of strokes 鈥 1.7 times, myocardial infarction 鈥 1.5 times, respectively. Conclusions. Unfavorable dynamic trends in mortality and prevalence of CVD among WAP in Kyiv region and a significant excess of regional indicators of averages in Ukraine indicate the need to improve the system of prevention and medical care for patients with CVD in Kyiv region.袦械褌邪: 胁懈蟹薪邪褔懈褌懈 褋褍褔邪褋薪褨 芯褋芯斜谢懈胁芯褋褌褨 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨, 褨薪胁邪谢褨写薪芯褋褌褨 褌邪 锌芯褕懈褉械薪芯褋褌褨 褏胁芯褉芯斜 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 褋械褉械写 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 胁褨泻褍 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻芯褩 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨 锌芯褉褨胁薪褟薪芯 蟹 校泻褉邪褩薪芯褞. 袦邪褌械褉褨邪谢懈 褨 屑械褌芯写懈. 袗薪邪谢褨蟹 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨, 褨薪胁邪谢褨写薪芯褋褌褨 褌邪 锌芯褕懈褉械薪芯褋褌褨 褏胁芯褉芯斜 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 褋械褉械写 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 胁褨泻褍 蟹写褨泄褋薪械薪芯 褍 写懈薪邪屑褨褑褨 蟹邪 2010鈥2019 褉褉. 褌邪 锌芯褉褨胁薪褟薪芯 蟹 校泻褉邪褩薪芯褞. 袟邪 写芯锌芯屑芯谐芯褞 屑械写懈泻芯-褋褌邪褌懈褋褌懈褔薪芯谐芯 屑械褌芯写褍 锌褉芯邪薪邪谢褨蟹芯胁邪薪芯 褋褌邪褌懈褋褌懈褔薪褨 写邪薪褨 袛械褉卸泻芯屑褋褌邪褌褍 校泻褉邪褩薪懈, 笑械薪褌褉褍 屑械写懈褔薪芯褩 褋褌邪褌懈褋褌懈泻懈 袦褨薪褨褋褌械褉褋褌胁邪 芯褏芯褉芯薪懈 蟹写芯褉芯胁始褟 校泻褉邪褩薪懈, 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻芯谐芯 芯斜谢邪褋薪芯谐芯 褑械薪褌褉褍 屑械写懈褔薪芯褩 褋褌邪褌懈褋褌懈泻懈. 袪械蟹褍谢褜褌邪褌懈. 啸胁芯褉芯斜懈 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 锌褉懈蟹胁芯写褟褌褜 写芯 胁邪谐芯屑懈褏 胁褌褉邪褌 褌褉褍写芯胁芯谐芯 锌芯褌械薪褑褨邪谢褍 胁 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻褨泄 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨. 袙芯薪懈 蟹褍屑芯胁谢褞褞褌褜 泻芯卸薪懈泄 褌褉械褌褨泄 (36,2 %) 胁懈锌邪写芯泻 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨 褌邪 泻芯卸薪懈泄 锌鈥櫻徰傂感 (19,8 %) 胁懈锌邪写芯泻 锌械褉胁懈薪薪芯褩 褨薪胁邪谢褨写薪芯褋褌褨 褋械褉械写 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 胁褨泻褍, 邪 褌邪泻芯卸 褋泻谢邪写邪褞褌褜 24,1 % 褍 褋褌褉褍泻褌褍褉褨 锌芯褕懈褉械薪芯褋褌褨 褏胁芯褉芯斜 褋械褉械写 写邪薪芯褩 胁褨泻芯胁芯褩 谐褉褍锌懈 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻芯褩 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨. 袙懈褟胁谢械薪芯 薪械褋锌褉懈褟褌谢懈胁褨 褌械薪写械薪褑褨褩 褍 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨, 锌芯褕懈褉械薪芯褋褌褨 褌邪 锌械褉胁懈薪薪褨泄 蟹邪褏胁芯褉褞胁邪薪芯褋褌褨 薪邪 褏胁芯褉芯斜懈 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 褋械褉械写 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻芯褩 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨. 袪褨胁械薪褜 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨 胁褨写 褑褨褦褩 薪械写褍谐懈 褋械褉械写 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 胁褨泻褍 蟹褉褨褋 褍 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻褨泄 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨 胁 2019 褉., 锌芯褉褨胁薪褟薪芯 褨蟹 2010 褉., 薪邪 6,6 % (蟹 189,3 写芯 201,8 胁懈锌邪写泻褍 薪邪 100 000 胁褨写锌芯胁褨写薪芯谐芯 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟). 袩芯褕懈褉械薪褨褋褌褜 褏胁芯褉芯斜 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 蟹褉芯褋谢邪 胁锌褉芯写芯胁卸 2010鈥2018 褉褉. 薪邪 15,7 % (蟹 3858,0 写芯 4462,4 薪邪 10 000 胁褨写锌芯胁褨写薪芯谐芯 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟), 邪 锌械褉胁懈薪薪邪 蟹邪褏胁芯褉褞胁邪薪褨褋褌褜 薪邪 5,2 % (蟹 368,3 写芯 387,3 薪邪 10 000 胁褨写锌芯胁褨写薪芯谐芯 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟). 袨斜谢邪褋薪褨 褉褨胁薪褨 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 胁褨泻褍 胁褨写 褏胁芯褉芯斜 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 锌械褉械胁懈褖褍褞褌褜 邪薪邪谢芯谐褨褔薪褨 锌芯泻邪蟹薪懈泻懈 胁 校泻褉邪褩薪褨 胁 1,2鈥1,3 褉邪蟹邪, 邪 胁褨写 褨褕械屑褨褔薪芯褩 褏胁芯褉芯斜懈 褋械褉褑褟 鈥 褍 1,5鈥1,7 褉邪蟹邪. 袩芯褕懈褉械薪褨褋褌褜 褨褕械屑褨褔薪芯褩 褏胁芯褉芯斜懈 褋械褉褑褟 褋械褉械写 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨 褦 褍 1,8 褉邪蟹邪, 邪 褑械褉械斜褉芯胁邪褋泻褍谢褟褉薪懈褏 褏胁芯褉芯斜 鈥 褍 1,2 褉邪蟹邪 胁懈褖芯褞, 薪褨卸 胁 校泻褉邪褩薪褨, 蟹邪褏胁芯褉褞胁邪薪褨褋褌褜 薪邪 褨薪褋褍谢褜褌懈 鈥 胁 1,7 褉邪蟹邪, 薪邪 褨薪褎邪褉泻褌 屑褨芯泻邪褉写邪 鈥 褍 1,5 褉邪蟹邪 胁懈褖芯褞, 薪褨卸 胁 校泻褉邪褩薪褨.  袙懈褋薪芯胁泻懈. 袧械褋锌褉懈褟褌谢懈胁褨 写懈薪邪屑褨褔薪褨 褌械薪写械薪褑褨褩 褍 褋屑械褉褌薪芯褋褌褨 褌邪 锌芯褕懈褉械薪芯褋褌褨 褏胁芯褉芯斜 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 褋械褉械写 薪邪褋械谢械薪薪褟 锌褉邪褑械蟹写邪褌薪芯谐芯 胁褨泻褍 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻芯褩 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨 褌邪 褋褍褌褌褦胁械 锌械褉械胁懈褖械薪薪褟 芯斜谢邪褋薪懈褏 锌芯泻邪蟹薪懈泻褨胁 褋械褉械写薪褨褏 胁 校泻褉邪褩薪褨 蟹邪褋胁褨写褔褍褞褌褜 薪械芯斜褏褨写薪褨褋褌褜 褍写芯褋泻芯薪邪谢械薪薪褟 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 锌褉芯褎褨谢邪泻褌懈泻懈 啸小袣 褌邪 芯褉谐邪薪褨蟹邪褑褨褩 屑械写懈褔薪芯褩 写芯锌芯屑芯谐懈 褏胁芯褉懈屑 薪邪 褏胁芯褉芯斜懈 褋懈褋褌械屑懈 泻褉芯胁芯芯斜褨谐褍 胁 袣懈褩胁褋褜泻褨泄 芯斜谢邪褋褌褨

    Composite Ceramics Based on Garnet-type Oxide Y2.5Nd0.5Al5O12 and Silicon Carbide. Preparation. Properties

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    We have obtained powders of garnet-type complex oxide Y2.5Nd0.5Al5O12 鈥 x vol.% SiC (x = 0, 10, 20) using wet chemistry techniques. The ceramics based on the studying compounds were sintered using Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) (

    On 鈥極rganized Crime鈥 in the illicit antiquities trade: moving beyond the definitional debate

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    The extent to which 鈥榦rganized crime鈥 is involved in illicit antiquities trafficking is unknown and frequently debated. This paper explores the significance and scale of the illicit antiquities trade as a unique transnational criminal phenomenon that is often said to be perpetrated by and exhibit traits of so-called 鈥榦rganized crime.鈥 The definitional debate behind the term 鈥榦rganized crime鈥 is considered as a potential problem impeding our understanding of its existence or extent in illicit antiquities trafficking, and a basic progression-based model is then suggested as a new tool to move beyond the definitional debate for future research that may help to elucidate the actors, processes and criminal dynamics taking place within the illicit antiquities trade from source to market. The paper concludes that researchers should focus not on the question of whether organized criminals- particularly in a traditionally conceived, mafia-type stereotypical sense- are involved in the illicit antiquities trade, but instead on the structure and progression of antiquities trafficking itself that embody both organized and criminal dynamics
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