256 research outputs found

    Dissipative processes in superfluid quark matter

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    We present some results about dissipative processes in fermionic superfluids that are relevant for compact stars. At sufficiently low temperatures the transport properties of a superfluid are dominated by phonons. We report the values of the bulk viscosity, shear viscosity and thermal conductivity of phonons in quark matter at extremely high density and low temperature. Then, we present a new dissipative mechanism that can operate in compact stars and that is named "rocket term". The effect of this dissipative mechanism on superfluid r-mode oscillations is sketched.Comment: 6 pages, 1 figure. Prepared for QCD@work 2010 - International Workshop on QCD - Theory and Experiment, 20-23 June 2010, Martina Franca - Valle d'Itria - Ital

    Effective degrees of freedom of the Quark-Gluon Plasma

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    The effective degrees of freedom of the Quark-Gluon Plasma are studied in the temperature range 12\sim 1-2 Tc T_c. Employing lattice results for the pressure and the energy density, we constrain the quasiparticle chiral invariant mass to be of order 200 MeV and the effective number of bosonic resonant states to be at most of order 10\sim 10. The chiral mass and the effective number of bosonic degrees of freedom decrease with increasing temperature and at T2T \sim 2 TcT_c only quark and gluon quasiparticles survive. Some remarks regarding the role of the gluon condensation and the baryon number-strangeness correlation are also presented.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    Effective degrees of freedom and gluon condensation in the high temperature deconfined phase

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    The Equation of State and the properties of matter in the high temperature deconfined phase are analyzed by a quasiparticle approach for T>1.2 TcT> 1.2~T_c. In order to fix the parameters of our model we employ the lattice QCD data of energy density and pressure. First we consider the pure SU(3) gluon plasma and it turns out that such a system can be described in terms of a gluon condensate and of gluonic quasiparticles whose effective number of degrees of freedom and mass decrease with increasing temperature. Then we analyze QCD with finite quark masses. In this case the numerical lattice data for energy density and pressure can be fitted assuming that the system consists of a mixture of gluon quasiparticles, fermion quasiparticles, boson correlated pairs (corresponding to in-medium mesonic states) and gluon condensate. We find that the effective number of boson degrees of freedom and the in-medium fermion masses decrease with increasing temperature. At T1.5 TcT \simeq 1.5 ~T_c only the correlated pairs corresponding to the mesonic nonet survive and they completely disappear at T2 TcT \simeq 2 ~T_c. The temperature dependence of the velocity of sound of the various quasiparticles, the effects of the breaking of conformal invariance and the thermodynamic consistency are discussed in detail.Comment: 18 pages, 9 figure

    Meissner masses in the gCFL phase of QCD

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    We calculate the Meissner masses of gluons in neutral three-flavor color superconducting matter for finite strange quark mass. In the CFL phase the eissner masses are slowly varying function of the strange quark mass. For large strange quark mass, in the so called gCFL phase, the Meissner masses of gluons with colors a=1,2,3a=1,2,3 and 8 become imaginary, indicating an instability.Comment: New Fig. 1 shows that also the masses of the gluons 3 and 8 are imaginar

    Jet energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma by stream instabilities

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    We study the evolution of the plasma instabilities induced by two jets of particles propagating in opposite directions and crossing a thermally equilibrated non-Abelian plasma. In order to simplify the analysis we assume that the two jets of partons can be described with uniform distribution functions in coordinate space and by Gaussian distribution functions in momentum space. We find that while crossing the quark-gluon plasma, the jets of particles excite unstable chromomagnetic and chromoelectric modes. These fields interact with the particles (or hard modes) of the plasma inducing the production of currents; thus, the energy lost by the jets is absorbed by both the gauge fields and the hard modes of the plasma. We compare the outcome of the numerical simulations with the analytical calculation performed assuming that the jets of particles can be described by a tsunami-like distribution function. We find qualitative and semi-quantitative agreement between the results obtained with the two methods.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

    Jet-induced gauge field instabilities in the quark-gluon plasma: A kinetic theory approach

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    We discuss the properties of the collective modes of a system composed by a thermalized quark-gluon plasma traversed by a relativistic jet of partons. The transport equations obeyed by the components of the plasma and of the jet are studied in the Vlasov approximation. Assuming that the partons in the jet can be described with a tsunami-like distribution function we derive the expressions of the dispersion law of the collective modes. Then the behavior of the unstable gauge modes of the system is analyzed for various values of the velocity of the jet, of the momentum of the collective modes and of the angle between these two quantities. We find that the most unstable modes are those with momentum orthogonal to the velocity of the jet and that these instabilities appear when the velocity of the jet is higher than a threshold value, which depends on the plasma and jet frequencies. The results obtained within the Vlasov approximation are compared with the corresponding results obtained using a chromohydrodynamical approach.The effect we discuss here suggests a possible collective mechanism for the description of the jet quenching phenomena in heavy ion collisions.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figure

    T-matrix approach to heavy quark diffusion in the QGP

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    We assess transport properties of heavy quarks in the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) using static heavy-quark (HQ) potentials from lattice-QCD calculations in a Brueckner many-body T-matrix approach to evaluate elastic heavy-quark-light-quark scattering amplitudes. In the attractive meson and diquark channels resonance states are formed for temperatures up to ~1.5 T_c, increasing pertinent drag and diffusion coefficients for heavy-quark rescattering in the QGP beyond the expectations from perturbative-QCD calculations. We use these transport coefficients, complemented with perturbative elastic HQ gluon scattering, in a relativistic Langevin simulation to obtain HQ p_t distributions and elliptic flow (v_2) under conditions relevant for the hot and dense medium created in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. The heavy quarks are hadronized to open-charm and -bottom mesons within a combined quark-coalescence fragmentation scheme. The resulting single-electron spectra from their semileptonic decays are confronted with recent data on "non-photonic electrons" in 100 AGeV Au-Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC).Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, contribution to the proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Hard and Electro-Magnetic Probes of High-Energy Nuclear Collisions (Hard Probes 2008), 8-14 June 2008, Illa da Toxa (Galicia-Spain

    Inhomogeneous phase of a Gluon Plasma at finite temperature and density

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    By considering the non-perturbative effects associated with the fundamental modular region, a new phase of a Gluon Plasma at finite density is proposed. It corresponds to the transition from glueballs to non-perturbative gluons which condense at a non vanishing momentum. In this respect the proposed phase is analogous to the color superconducting LOFF phase for fermionic systems.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure
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