46,374 research outputs found

    Superfluid response in electron-doped cuprate superconductors

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    We propose a weakly coupled two-band model with dx2y2d_{x^2-y^2} pairing symmetry to account for the anomalous temperature dependence of superfluid density ρs\rho_s in electron-doped cuprate superconductors. This model gives a unified explanation to the presence of a upward curvature in ρs\rho_s near TcT_c and a weak temperature dependence of ρs\rho_s in low temperatures. Our work resolves a discrepancy in the interpretation of different experimental measurements and suggests that the pairing in electron-doped cuprates has predominately dx2y2d_{x^2-y^2} symmetry in the whole doping range.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, title changed and references adde

    In-plane ferromagnetism in charge-ordering Na0.55CoO2Na_{0.55}CoO_2

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    The magnetic and transport properties are systematically studied on the single crystal Na0.55CoO2Na_{0.55}CoO_2 with charge ordering and divergency in resistivity below 50 K. A long-range ferromagnetic ordering is observed in susceptibility below 20 K with the magnetic field parallel to Co-O plane, while a negligible behavior is observed with the field perpendicular to the Co-O plane. It definitely gives a direct evidence for the existence of in-plane ferromagnetism below 20 K. The observed magnetoresistance (MR) of 30 % at the field of 6 T at low temperatures indicates an unexpectedly strong spin-charge coupling in triangle lattice systems.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Optimizing Hartree-Fock orbitals by the density-matrix renormalization group

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    We have proposed a density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) scheme to optimize the one-electron basis states of molecules. It improves significantly the accuracy and efficiency of the DMRG in the study of quantum chemistry or other many-fermion system with nonlocal interactions. For a water molecule, we find that the ground state energy obtained by the DMRG with only 61 optimized orbitals already reaches the accuracy of best quantum Monte Carlo calculation with 92 orbitals.Comment: published version, 4 pages, 4 figure

    Hysteresis and Anisotropic Magnetoresistance in Antiferromagnetic Nd2xCexCuO4Nd_{2-x}Ce_xCuO_{4}

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    The out-of-plane resistivity (ρc\rho_c) and magnetoresistivity (MR) are studied in antiferromangetic (AF) Nd2xCexCuO4Nd_{2-x}Ce_xCuO_{4} single crystals, which have three types of noncollinear antiferromangetic spin structures. The apparent signatures are observed in ρc(T)\rho_c(T) measured at the zero-field and 14 T at the spin structure transitions, giving a definite evidence for the itinerant electrons directly coupled to the localized spins. One of striking feature is an anisotropy of the MR with a fourfold symmetry upon rotating the external field (B) within ab plane in the different phases, while twofold symmetry at spin reorientation transition temperatures. The intriguing thermal hysteresis in ρc(T,B)\rho_c(T,B) and magnetic hysteresis in MR are observed at spin reorientation transition temperatures.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Comment on "Time-Dependent Density-Matrix Renormalization Group: A Systematic Method for the Study of Quantum Many-Body Out-of- Equilibrium Systems"

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    In a recent Letter [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 256403(2002), cond-mat/0109158] Cazalilla and Marston proposed a time-dependent density- matrix renormalization group (TdDMRG) algorithm for the accurate evaluation of out-of-equilibrium properties of quantum many-body systems. For a point contact junction between two Luttinger liquids, a current oscillation develops after initial transient in the insulating regime. Here we would like to point out that (a) the observed oscillation is an artifact of the method; (b) the TdDMRG can be significantly improved by incorporating the non-equilibrium evolution of the goundstate into the density matrix.Comment: 1 page, 2 figure

    Formation of matter-wave soliton trains by modulational instability

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    Nonlinear systems can exhibit a rich set of dynamics that are inherently sensitive to their initial conditions. One such example is modulational instability, which is believed to be one of the most prevalent instabilities in nature. By exploiting a shallow zero-crossing of a Feshbach resonance, we characterize modulational instability and its role in the formation of matter-wave soliton trains from a Bose-Einstein condensate. We examine the universal scaling laws exhibited by the system, and through real-time imaging, address a long-standing question of whether the solitons in trains are created with effectively repulsive nearest neighbor interactions, or rather, evolve into such a structure

    Improved lattice QCD with quarks: the 2 dimensional case

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    QCD in two dimensions is investigated using the improved fermionic lattice Hamiltonian proposed by Luo, Chen, Xu, and Jiang. We show that the improved theory leads to a significant reduction of the finite lattice spacing errors. The quark condensate and the mass of lightest quark and anti-quark bound state in the strong coupling phase (different from t'Hooft phase) are computed. We find agreement between our results and the analytical ones in the continuum.Comment: LaTeX file (including text + 10 figures