8,824 research outputs found

    The Interpretation of Experimental Observation Data for the Development of Mechanisms based Creep Damage Constitutive Equations for High Chromium Steel

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    It is very important to design a safe factor or estimating the remain lifetime for electric power plant components of steam pipes which mostly manufacture by high chromium steels and work at high temperature and low stress level. The author will develop the mechanisms based on creep damage constitutive equations for high chromium steel under lows stress in initial stage: (1) Creep cavities mostly formed attaching with the precipitation of Laves phase or on grain boundary for high chromium steel under low stress. The Laves phase should play an active role in the nucleation of creep cavities and suggest to explore the function between cavity nucleation and the evolution of Laves phase; (2) The dominant cavity nucleation mechanism is adapted to high chromium steels under low stress level; (3) Brittle intergranluar model is appropriate for high chromium steels at high temperature under low stress level; (4) High density number of cavity of crept test high chromium steel at high temperature under low stress could be as fracture criterion

    The Development and Validation of the Creep Damage Constitutive Equations for P91 Alloy

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    This paper presents research on the validation of a set of creep damage constitutive equations for P91 alloy under multi-axial states of stress, and its applicability under lower stress level. Creep damage is one of the serious problems for the high temperature industries and computational creep damage has been developed and used, complementary to the experimental approach, to assist safe operation. In creep damage mechanics, a set of constitutive equations needs to be developed and validated. Recently, a mechanism based approach for the developing creep damage constitutive equation for this type of high Cr alloy has merged and several versions of creep damage constitutive equations have been proposed. However, so far, they are limited to uni-axial case under medium to high stress level. In fact, multi-axial states of stress and lower stress level are more pertinent to the real industrial applications. That is the objective of this research. This paper contributes to the methodology and specific knowledge

    The relative significance of internal damage mechanisms on the overall creep damage and ultimate failure of P91 steel

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    This paper reports research on the study of the relative significance of various internal creep damage mechanisms on the overall creep damage and lifetime of P91 steel. The study is essentially parametric investigation based on the individual internal creep damage mechanisms and phenomenological modelling of creep cavity damage. The simulated results do show the importance of the cavity damage among all the creep damage mechanisms. However, more importantly, it also points out the deficiency in the latest approach of phenomenological approach of modelling cavity damage over a wider stress range, and addresses the necessity of considering and incorporating the micromechanics/mechanism of nucleation, growth, coalescence into the creep damage constitutive modelling work. This paper contributes to the knowledge and method for creep damage mechanics

    Gradient flow approach to an exponential thin film equation: global existence and latent singularity

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    In this work, we study a fourth order exponential equation, ut=ΔeΔu,u_t=\Delta e^{-\Delta u}, derived from thin film growth on crystal surface in multiple space dimensions. We use the gradient flow method in metric space to characterize the latent singularity in global strong solution, which is intrinsic due to high degeneration. We define a suitable functional, which reveals where the singularity happens, and then prove the variational inequality solution under very weak assumptions for initial data. Moreover, the existence of global strong solution is established with regular initial data.Comment: latent singularity, curve of maximal slope. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1711.07405 by other author

    Sublinear expectation linear regression

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    Nonlinear expectation, including sublinear expectation as its special case, is a new and original framework of probability theory and has potential applications in some scientific fields, especially in finance risk measure and management. Under the nonlinear expectation framework, however, the related statistical models and statistical inferences have not yet been well established. The goal of this paper is to construct the sublinear expectation regression and investigate its statistical inference. First, a sublinear expectation linear regression is defined and its identifiability is given. Then, based on the representation theorem of sublinear expectation and the newly defined model, several parameter estimations and model predictions are suggested, the asymptotic normality of estimations and the mini-max property of predictions are obtained. Furthermore, new methods are developed to realize variable selection for high-dimensional model. Finally, simulation studies and a real-life example are carried out to illustrate the new models and methodologies. All notions and methodologies developed are essentially different from classical ones and can be thought of as a foundation for general nonlinear expectation statistics