1,357 research outputs found

    Enhanced current noise correlations in a Coulomb-Majorana device

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    Majorana bound states (MBSs) nested in a topological nanowire are predicted to manifest nonlocal correlations in the presence of a finite energy splitting between the MBSs. However, the signal of the nonlocal correlations has not yet been detected in experiments. A possible reason is that the energy splitting is too weak and seriously affected by many system parameters. Here we investigate the charging energy induced nonlocal correlations in a hybrid device of MBSs and quantum dots. The nanowire that hosts the MBSs is assumed in proximity to a mesoscopic superconducting island with a finite charging energy. Each end of the nanowire is coupled to one lead via a quantum dot with resonant levels. With a floating superconducting island, the devices shows a negative differential conductance and giant super-Poissonian shot noise, due to the interplay between the nonlocality of the MBSs and dynamical Coulomb blockade effect. When the island is strongly coupled to a bulk superconductor, the current cross correlations at small lead chemical potentials are negative by tuning the dot energy levels. In contrast, the cross correlation is always positive in a non-Majorana setup. This difference may provide a signature for the existence of the MBSs.Comment: 11 pages, 10 figure

    Quantum impurity in the bulk of topological insulator

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    We investigate physical properties of an Anderson impurity embedded in the bulk of a topological insulator. The slave-boson mean-field approximation is used to account for the strong electron correlation at the impurity. Different from the results of a quantum impurity on the surface of a topological insulator, we find for the band-inverted case, a Kondo resonant peak and in-gap bound states can be produced simultaneously. However, only one type of them appears for the normal case. It is shown that the mixed-valence regime is much broader in the band-inverted case, while it shrinks to a very narrow regime in the normal case. Furthermore, a self-screening of the Kondo effect may appear when the interaction between the bound-state spin and impurity spin is taken into account.Comment: 11 pages, 8 figure

    Enhanced spin injection efficiency in a four-terminal double quantum dot system

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    Within the scheme of quantum rate equations, we investigate the spin-resolved transport through a double quantum dot system with four ferromagnetic terminals. It is found that the injection efficiency of spin-polarized electrons can be significantly improved compared with single dot case. When the magnetization in one of four ferromagnetic terminals is antiparallel with the other three, the polarization rate of the current through one dot can be greatly enhanced, accompanied by the drastic decrease of the current polarization rate through the other one. The mechanism is the exchange interaction between electrons in the two quantum dots, which can be a promising candidate for the improvement of the spin injection efficiency.Comment: 10 pages and 5 figure

    Nonlocal noise cross-correlation mediated by entangled Majorana fermions

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    Due to their nonlocality, qubits nested in Majorana bound states may be the key to realize decoherence-free quantum computation. Majorana bound states could be achieved at the ends of a one-dimensional topological superconductor. However, when the bound states couple directly to electron reservoirs their nonlocal correlation is quenched by local Andreev reflections. Here we propose a scheme to generate nonlocal noise cross correlation between two well-separated quantum dots, mediated by a pair of Majorana bound states. Both positive and negative cross correlations can be obtained by tuning the gate voltages applied to the dots. Within a limited range of finite temperatures, the cross correlation is not suppressed by thermal fluctuations. Furthermore, we show how the local Andreev reflections suppress the noise cross correlation when multiple dot energy levels are coupled to the Majorana bound states. The measurable cross correlation is expected to serve as a sensitive indicator for the generation of Majorana fermions.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figure

    Horndeski Gravity and the Violation of Reverse Isoperimetric Inequality

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    We consider Einstein-Horndeski-Maxwell gravity, together with a cosmological constant and multiple Horndeski axions. We construct charged AdS planar black holes in general dimensions where the Horndeski anxions span over the planar directions. We analyse the thermodynamics and obtain the black hole volumes. We show that the reverse isoperimetric inequality can be violated, implying that these black holes can store information more efficiently than the Schwarzschild black hole.Comment: Latex, 25 pages, 1 figure, references adde

    Reexploration of interacting holographic dark energy model: Cases of interaction term excluding the Hubble parameter

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    In this paper, we make a deep analysis for the five typical interacting holographic dark energy models with the interaction terms Q=3βH0ρdeQ=3\beta H_{0}\rho_{\rm{de}}, Q=3βH0ρcQ=3\beta H_{0}\rho_{\rm{c}}, Q=3βH0(ρde+ρc)Q=3\beta H_{0}(\rho_{\rm{de}}+\rho_{\rm c}), Q=3βH0ρdeρcQ=3\beta H_{0}\sqrt{\rho_{\rm{de}}\rho_{\rm c}}, and Q=3βH0ρdeρcρde+ρcQ=3\beta H_{0}\frac{\rho_{\rm{de}}\rho_{c}}{\rho_{\rm{de}}+\rho_{\rm c}}, respectively. We obtain observational constraints on these models by using the type Ia supernova data (the Joint Light-curve Analysis sample), the cosmic microwave background data (Planck 2015 distance priors), the baryon acoustic oscillations data, and the direct measurement of the Hubble constant. We find that the values of χmin2\chi_{\rm min}^2 for all the five models are almost equal (around~699), indicating that the current observational data equally favor these IHDE models. In addition, a comparison with the cases of interaction term involving the Hubble parameter HH is also made.Comment: 14 pages, 6 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1710.0306

    Disorder effects on the quantum coherence of a many-boson system

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    The effects of disorders on the quantum coherence for many-bosons are studied in a double well model. For the ground state, the disorder enhances the quantum coherence. In the deep Mott regime, dynamical evolution reveals periodical collapses and revivals of the quantum coherence which is robust against the disorder. The average over variations in both the on-site energy and the interaction reveals a beat phenomenon of the coherence-decoherence oscillation in the temporal evolution.Comment: 4 figure
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