3 research outputs found

    Functionalizing TiO<sub>2</sub> Nanoparticles with Fluorescent Cyanine Dye for Photodynamic Therapy and Bioimaging: A DFT and TDDFT Study

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    In the field of nanomedicine, significant attention is directed toward near-infrared (NIR) light-responsive inorganic nanosystems, primarily for their applications in photodynamic therapy and fluorescence bioimaging. The crucial role of the NIR range lies in enabling optimal tissue penetration, which is essential for both irradiating and detecting nanoparticles deep within the human body. In this study, we employed density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations to explore the structural and electronic properties of cyanine-functionalized TiO2 spherical nanoparticles (NPs) with a realistic diameter of 2.2 nm. We revealed that different adsorption configurations of cyanine (VG20-C1) on the TiO2 NP surface exhibit distinct features in the optical spectra. These cyanine dyes, serving as bifunctional linkers with two carboxylic end groups, can adsorb in either a side-on mode (binding with both end groups) or an end-on mode (binding only one end group). In end-on adsorption structures, low-energy excitations are exclusive to dye-to-dye electronic transitions, while side-on structures exhibit electron charge transfer excitations from the dye to the TiO2 NP at low energy. This thorough analysis provides a rational foundation for designing cyanine-functionalized TiO2 nanosystems with optimal optical characteristics tailored for specific nanomedical applications such as photodynamic therapy or fluorescence bioimaging

    Hierarchical representation of the 32 clusters generated by Splinecluster

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    <p><b>Copyright information:</b></p><p>Taken from "Time-course analysis of genome-wide gene expression data from hormone-responsive human breast cancer cells"</p><p>http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2105/9/S2/S12</p><p>BMC Bioinformatics 2008;9(Suppl 2):S12-S12.</p><p>Published online 26 Mar 2008</p><p>PMCID:PMC2323661.</p><p></p

    Water-Assisted Hole Trapping at the Highly Curved Surface of Nano-TiO<sub>2</sub> Photocatalyst

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    Heterogeneous photocatalysis is vital in solving energy and environmental issues that this society is confronted with. Although photocatalysts are often operated in the presence of water, it has not been yet clarified how the interaction with water itself affects charge dynamics in photocatalysts. Using water-coverage-controlled steady and transient infrared absorption spectroscopy and large-model (∼800 atoms) ab initio calculations, we clarify that water enhances hole trapping at the surface of TiO<sub>2</sub> nanospheres but not of well-faceted nanoparticles. This water-assisted effect unique to the nanospheres originates from water adsorption as a ligand at a low-coordinated Ti–OH site or through robust hydrogen bonding directly to the terminal OH at the highly curved nanosphere surface. Thus, the interaction with water at the surface of nanospheres can promote photocatalytic reactions of both oxidation and reduction by elongating photogenerated carrier lifetimes. This morphology-dependent water-assisted effect provides a novel and rational basis for designing and engineering nanophotocatalyst morphology to improve photocatalytic performances