6,836 research outputs found

    The effect of concentration on the Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of p-Aminothiophenol

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    The organic compound p-aminothiophenol (pATP, HS-Ph-NH2) has become very popular because it is often used for checking the enhancement capability of each new SERS substrate due to its very intense SERS spectra. SERS of pATP on silver electrode is significantly different from its ordinary Raman spectra and it is very dependent on the particular conditions of the SERS experiment. In this work the effect of adsorbate concentration on the potential dependent SERS spectra of pATP recorded on a silver electrode has been studied using NaClO4 as electrolyte. On the other hand, MS-CASPT2 have been performed in order to help the analysis of the experimental results by computing resonance Raman spectra of selected structural models of the metal−adsorbate surface complex. It is found that the spectra are dependent on adsorbate concentration and dominated by a resonant charge transfer (CT) mechanism, where the charge is always transferred from the adsorbate to the metal. The relative SERS enhancements are due to Franck−Condon factors related to the CT process, and there are not intensified bands through Herzberg−Teller contributions. Furthermore, the Raman signals of the SERS recorded at low concentration arise from at least three different molecular species: (i) pATP bonded to silver electrode through sulfur atom (Agn-S−-Ph-NH2); (ii) pATP bonded to silver electrode through both sulfur and nitrogen atoms (Agn-S−-PhNH2-Agm); (iii) The azo derivative p,p′-dimercaptoazobenzene (or its nitrene precursor).Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech

    Detection of different species of p-aminothiophenol on silver nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS)

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    In the present work we have analyzed the experimental and theoretical SERS spectra of the organic compound p-aminothiophenol (pATP, HS-Ph-NH2) recorded on silver nanoparticles. DFT calculations have been performed to support the experimental results in order to estimate the adsorption specie and the corresponding Raman bands assignment. It is found a different adsorption behavior of pATP not only by changing the concentration of the adsorbate but also by exciting the sample at different wavelengths.Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech

    Quantum point contacts as heat engines

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    The efficiency of macroscopic heat engines is restricted by the second law of thermodynamics. They can reach at most the efficiency of a Carnot engine. In contrast, heat currents in mesoscopic heat engines show fluctuations. Thus, there is a small probability that a mesoscopic heat engine exceeds Carnot's maximum value during a short measurement time. We illustrate this effect using a quantum point contact as a heat engine. When a temperature difference is applied to a quantum point contact, the system may be utilized as a source of electrical power under steady state conditions. We first discuss the optimal working point of such a heat engine that maximizes the generated electrical power and subsequently calculate the statistics for deviations of the efficiency from its most likely value. We find that deviations surpassing the Carnot limit are possible, but unlikely.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figures. Contribution to the Physica E special issue on "Frontiers in quantum electronic transport" in memory of Markus Buttiker. Published versio

    Evanescent states in quantum wires with Rashba spin-orbit coupling

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    We discuss the calculation of evanescent states in quasi-one-dimensional quantum wires in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction. We suggest a computational algorithm devised for cases in which longitudinal and transverse motions are coupled. The dispersion relations are given for some selected cases, illustrating the feasibility of the proposed computational method. As a practical application, we discuss the solutions for a wire containing a potential step.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figure

    SU(4) Kondo Effect in Carbon Nanotubes

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    We investigate theoretically the non-equilibrium transport properties of carbon nanotube quantum dots. Owing to the two-dimensional band structure of graphene, a double orbital degeneracy plays the role of a pseudo-spin, which is entangled with the spin. Quantum fluctuations between these four degrees of freedom result in an SU(4) Kondo effect at low temperatures. This exotic Kondo effect manifests as a four-peak splitting in the non-linear conductance when an axial magnetic field is applied.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Spin-current noise from fluctuation relations

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    We present fluctuation relations that connect spin-polarized current and noise in mesoscopic conductors. In linear response, these relations are equivalent to the fluctuation-dissipation theorem that relates equilibrium current--current correlations to the linear conductance. More interestingly, in the weakly nonlinear regime of transport, these relations establish a connection between the leading-order rectification spin conductance, the spin noise susceptibility and the third cumulant of spin current fluctuations at equilibrium. Our results are valid even for systems in the presence of magnetic fields and coupled to ferromagnetic electrodes.Comment: Submitted to the Proceedings of the 31st ICP

    Thermoelectric effects in quantum Hall systems beyond linear response

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    We consider a quantum Hall system with an antidot acting as an energy dependent scatterer. In the purely charge case, we find deviations from the Wiedemann-Franz law that take place in the nonlinear regime of transport. We also discuss Peltier effects beyond linear response and describe both effects using magnetic-field asymmetric transport coefficients. For the spin case such as that arising along the helical edge states of a two-dimensional topological insulator, we investigate the generation of spin currents as a result of applied voltage and temperature differences in samples attached to ferromagnetic leads. We find that in the parallel configuration the spin current can be tuned with the leads' polarization even in the linear regime of transport. In contrast, for antiparallel magnetizations the spin currents has a strict nonlinear dependence on the applied fields.Comment: 17 pages, 8 figure

    Large thermoelectric power and figure of merit in a ferromagnetic-quantum dot-superconducting device

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    We investigate the thermoelectric properties of a quantum dot coupled to ferromagnetic and superconducting electrodes. The combination of spin polarized tunneling at the ferromagnetic-quantum dot interface and the application of an external magnetic field that Zeeman splits the dot energy level leads to large values of the thermopower (Seebeck coefficient). Importantly, the thermopower can be tuned with an external gate voltage connected to the dot. We compute the figure of merit that measures the efficiency of thermoelectric conversion and find that it attains high values. We discuss the different contributions from Andreev reflection processes and quasiparticle tunneling into and out of the superconducting contact. Furthermore, we obtain dramatic variations of both the magnetothermopower and the spin Seebeck effect, which suggest that in our device spin currents can be controlled with temperature gradients only.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figure
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