1,010 research outputs found

    Integrable coupling in a model for Josephson tunneling between non-identical BCS systems

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    We extend a recent construction for an integrable model describing Josephson tunneling between identical BCS systems to the case where the BCS systems have different single particle energy levels. The exact solution of the generalized model is obtained through the Bethe ansatz.Comment: 8 pages, latex, to appear in edition of Int. J. Mod. Phys. B commemorating the 70th birthday of F.Y. W

    Exact form factors for the Josephson tunneling current and relative particle number fluctuations in a model of two coupled Bose-Einstein condensates

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    Form factors are derived for a model describing the coherent Josephson tunneling between two coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. This is achieved by studying the exact solution of the model in the framework of the algebraic Bethe ansatz. In this approach the form factors are expressed through determinant representations which are functions of the roots of the Bethe ansatz equations.Comment: 11 pages, latex, no figures, final version to appear in Lett. Math. Phy

    Exact solvability in contemporary physics

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    We review the theory for exactly solving quantum Hamiltonian systems through the algebraic Bethe ansatz. We also demonstrate how this theory applies to current studies in Bose-Einstein condensation and metallic grains which are of nanoscale size.Comment: 23 pages, no figures, to appear in ``Classical and Quantum Nonlinear Integrable Systems'' ed. A. Kund

    Some spectral equivalences between Schrodinger operators

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    Spectral equivalences of the quasi-exactly solvable sectors of two classes of Schrodinger operators are established, using Gaudin-type Bethe ansatz equations. In some instances the results can be extended leading to full isospectrality. In this manner we obtain equivalences between PT-symmetric problems and Hermitian problems. We also find equivalences between some classes of Hermitian operators.Comment: 14 page

    Behaviour of the energy gap in a model of Josephson coupled Bose-Einstein condensates

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    In this work we investigate the energy gap between the ground state and the first excited state in a model of two single-mode Bose-Einstein condensates coupled via Josephson tunneling. The energy gap is never zero when the tunneling interaction is non-zero. The gap exhibits no local minimum below a threshold coupling which separates a delocalised phase from a self-trapping phase which occurs in the absence of the external potential. Above this threshold point one minimum occurs close to the Josephson regime, and a set of minima and maxima appear in the Fock regime. Analytic expressions for the position of these minima and maxima are obtained. The connection between these minima and maxima and the dynamics for the expectation value of the relative number of particles is analysed in detail. We find that the dynamics of the system changes as the coupling crosses these points.Comment: 12 pages, 5 .eps figures + 4 figs, classical analysis, perturbation theor

    Representations of the quantum doubles of finite group algebras and solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation

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    Quantum doubles of finite group algebras form a class of quasi-triangular Hopf algebras which algebraically solve the Yang--Baxter equation. Each representation of the quantum double then gives a matrix solution of the Yang--Baxter equation. Such solutions do not depend on a spectral parameter, and to date there has been little investigation into extending these solutions such that they do depend on a spectral parameter. Here we first explicitly construct the matrix elements of the generators for all irreducible representations of quantum doubles of the dihedral groups DnD_n. These results may be used to determine constant solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation. We then discuss Baxterisation ans\"atze to obtain solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation with spectral parameter and give several examples, including a new 21-vertex model. We also describe this approach in terms of minimal-dimensional representations of the quantum doubles of the alternating group A4A_4 and the symmetric group S4S_4.Comment: 19 pages, no figures, changed introduction, added reference
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