1,105 research outputs found

    Scaling dimension of fidelity susceptibility in quantum phase transitions

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    We analyze ground-state behaviors of fidelity susceptibility (FS) and show that the FS has its own distinct dimension instead of real system's dimension in general quantum phases. The scaling relation of the FS in quantum phase transitions (QPTs) is then established on more general grounds. Depending on whether the FS's dimensions of two neighboring quantum phases are the same or not, we are able to classify QPTs into two distinct types. For the latter type, the change in the FS's dimension is a characteristic that separates two phases. As a non-trivial application to the Kitaev honeycomb model, we find that the FS is proportional to L2lnLL^2\ln L in the gapless phase, while L2L^2 in the gapped phase. Therefore, the extra dimension of lnL\ln L can be used as a characteristic of the gapless phase.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, final version to appear in EP

    Spin-spin interaction in the bulk of topological insulators

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    We apply mean-field theory and Hirsch-Fye quantum Monte Carlo method to study the spin-spin interaction in the bulk of three-dimensional topological insulators. We find that the spin-spin interaction has three different components: the longitudinal, the transverse and the transverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya-like terms. When the Fermi energy is located in the bulk gap of topological insulators, the spin-spin interaction decays exponentially due to Bloembergen-Rowland interaction. The longitudinal correlation is antiferromagnetic and the transverse correlations are ferromagnetic. When the chemical potential is in the conduction or valence band, the spin-spin interaction follows power law decay, and isotropic ferromagnetic interaction dominates in short separation limit.Comment: 9 pages, 10 figure

    Local Entanglement and quantum phase transition in spin models

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    Due to the phase interference of electromagnetic wave, one can recover the total image of one object from a small piece of holograph, which records the interference pattern of two laser light reflected from it. Similarly, the quantum superposition principle allows us to derive the global phase diagram of quantum spin models by investigating a proper local measurement. In the present paper, we study the two-site entanglement in the antifferomagnetic spin models with both spin-1/2 and 1. We show that its behaviors reveal some important information on the global properties and the quantum phase transition of these systems.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figure