15 research outputs found

    MOESM1 of A novel close-circulating vapor stripping-vapor permeation technique for boosting biobutanol production and recovery

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    Additional file 1: Fig. S1. Change in the swelling degree (%) of the PDMS membrane under different butanol titers in feed. Fig. S2. Effect of feed butanol titer on the VSVP performance using PDMS membrane

    Additional file 7: of Transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses reveal that bacteria promote plant defense during infection of soybean cyst nematode in soybean

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    Table S6. Comprehensive networks of metabolites and transcripts, changed in common KEGG pathways and differentially expressed genes among these pathways. (XLSX 13 kb

    The S<sub>50</sub> values of <i>M</i>. <i>hapla</i> J2 subjected to various regimes.

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    <p>FR = freezing regime; CD-6 h = Cryoprotective dehydration regime that held for 6 h at -1┬░C before cooled to T<sub>min</sub>, CS = cold shock at -1┬░C for 1 h and then kept at room temperature for 1 h before cooled to T<sub>min</sub>, A4 = acclimated at 4┬░C for 12 h before cooled to T<sub>min</sub>. The bars are the estimations in the 95% confidence limits. The different lowercase letters on the bars represent significantly different among various regimes, according to RMP estimates. N = 10.</p

    The effect of cold acclimation on survival of <i>M</i>. <i>hapla</i> J2.

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    <p>Samples acclimated at 4┬░C (open bars), and survival at freezing regime without acclimation (filled bars). The different lowercase letters on the bars represent significantly different (<i>P</i> < 0.05) between treatments at the same temperature. The bars are the mean ┬▒ SE in this figure. N = 10.</p

    The hatching percentage for egg mass of <i>M</i>. <i>hapla</i> at various low temperature.

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    <p>Open circles = hatching percentage at various low temperature during 10 days, Closed circle = 25┬░C. The values are the mean ┬▒ SE in this figure. N = 6.</p

    Management of the soybean cyst nematode <i>Heterodera glycines</i> with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean

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    <div><p>Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most damaging soybean pest worldwide. To improve soybean resistance to SCN, we employed a soybean seed-coating strategy through combination of three rhizobacterial strains, including <i>Bacillus simple</i>, <i>B</i>. <i>megaterium</i> and <i>Sinarhizobium fredii</i> at various ratios. We found seed coating by such rhizobacterial strains at a ratio of 3:1:1 (thereafter called SN101) produced the highest germination rate and the mortality of J2 of nematodes. Then, the role of soybean seed coating by SN101 in nematode control was evaluated under both greenhouse and two field conditions in Northeast China in 2013 and 2014. Our results showed that SN101 treatment greatly reduced SCN reproduction and significantly promoted plant growth and yield production in both greenhouse and field trials, suggesting that SN101 is a promising seed-coating agent that may be used as an alternative bio-nematicide for controlling SCN in soybean fields. Our findings also demonstrate that combination of multiple rhizobacterial strains needs to be considered in the seed coating for better management of plant nematodes.</p></div
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