2,571 research outputs found

    Kinetics of the Phase Separation Transition in Cold-Atom Boson-Fermion Mixtures

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    We study the kinetics of the first order phase separation transition in boson-fermion cold-atom mixtures. At sufficiently low temperatures such a transition is driven by quantum fluctuations responsible for the formation of critical nuclei of a stable phase. Based on a microscopic description of interacting boson-fermion mixtures we derive an effective action for the critical droplet and obtain an asymptotic expression for the nucleation rate in the vicinity of the phase transition and near the spinodal instability of the mixed phase. We also discuss effects of dissipation which play a dominant role close to the transition point, and identify the regimes where quantum nucleation can be experimentally observed in cold-atom systems.Comment: 4 pages 1 figure, typos correcte

    Anomalous galvanomagnetism, cyclotron resonance and microwave spectroscopy of topological insulators

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    The surface quantum Hall state, magneto-electric phenomena and their connection to axion electrodynamics have been studied intensively for topological insulators. One of the obstacles for observing such effects comes from nonzero conductivity of the bulk. To overcome this obstacle we propose to use an external magnetic field to suppress the conductivity of the bulk carriers. The magnetic field dependence of galvanomagnetic and electromagnetic responses of the whole system shows anomalies due to broken time-reversal symmetry of the surface quantum Hall state, which can be used for its detection. In particular, we find linear bulk dc magnetoresistivity and a quadratic field dependence of the Hall angle, shifted rf cyclotron resonance, nonanalytic microwave transmission coefficient and saturation of the Faraday rotation angle with increasing magnetic field or wave frequency.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, version as publishe

    Quantum Hall effects of graphene with multi orbitals: Topological numbers, Boltzmann conductance and Semi-classical quantization

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    Hall conductance σxy\sigma_{xy} as the Chern numbers of the Berry connection in the magnetic Brillouin zone is calculated for a realistic multi band tight-band model of graphene with non-orthogonal basis. It is confirmed that the envelope of σxy\sigma_{xy} coincides with a semi-classical result when magnetic field is sufficiently small. The Hall resistivity ρxy\rho_{xy} from the weak-field Boltzmann theory also explains the overall behaviour of the σxy\sigma_{xy} if the Fermi surface is composed of a single energy band. The plateaux of σxy\sigma_{xy} are explained from semi-classical quantization and necessary modification is proposed for the Dirac fermion regimes.Comment: 5pages, 3figure

    Bose-Einstein Condensates in Strongly Disordered Traps

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    A Bose-Einstein condensate in an external potential consisting of a superposition of a harmonic and a random potential is considered theoretically. From a semi-quantitative analysis we find the size, shape and excitation energy as a function of the disorder strength. For positive scattering length and sufficiently strong disorder the condensate decays into fragments each of the size of the Larkin length L{\cal L}. This state is stable over a large range of particle numbers. The frequency of the breathing mode scales as 1/L21/{\cal L}^2. For negative scattering length a condensate of size L{\cal L} may exist as a metastable state. These finding are generalized to anisotropic traps

    Wave localization in strongly nonlinear Hertzian chains with mass defect

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    We investigate the dynamical response of a mass defect in a one-dimensional non-loaded horizontal chain of identical spheres which interact via the nonlinear Hertz potential. Our experiments show that the interaction of a solitary wave with a light intruder excites localized mode. In agreement with dimensional analysis, we find that the frequency of localized oscillations exceeds the incident wave frequency spectrum and nonlinearly depends on the size of the intruder and on the incident wave strength. The absence of tensile stress between grains allows some gaps to open, which in turn induce a significant enhancement of the oscillations amplitude. We performed numerical simulations that precisely describe our observations without any adjusting parameters.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, submitted for publicatio

    The Boson Peak and its Relation with Acoustic Attenuation in Glasses

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    Experimental results on the density of states and on the acoustic modes of glasses in the THz region are compared to the predictions of two categories of models. A recent one, solely based on an elastic instability, does not account for most observations. Good agreement without adjustable parameters is obtained with models including the existence of non-acoustic vibrational modes at THz frequency, providing in many cases a comprehensive picture for a range of glass anomalies.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, Physical Review Letters in pres

    Lifshitz transitions in a heavy-Fermion liquid driven by short-range antiferromagnetic correlations in the two-dimensional Kondo lattice model

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    The heavy-Fermion liquid with short-range antiferromagnetic correlations is carefully considered in the two-dimensional Kondo-Heisenberg lattice model. As the ratio of the local Heisenberg superexchange JHJ_{H} to the Kondo coupling JKJ_{K} increases, Lifshitz transitions are anticipated, where the topology of the Fermi surface (FS) of the heavy quasiparticles changes from a hole-like circle to four kidney-like pockets centered around (π,π)(\pi ,\pi). In-between these two limiting cases, a first-order quantum phase transition is identified at JH/JK=0.1055J_{H}/J_{K}=0.1055 where a small circle begins to emerge within the large deformed circle. When JH/JK=0.1425J_{H}/J_{K}=0.1425, the two deformed circles intersect each other and then decompose into four kidney-like Fermi pockets via a second-order quantum phase transition. As JH/JKJ_{H}/J_{K} increases further, the Fermi pockets are shifted along the direction (π,π\pi,\pi) to (π/2,π/2\pi/2,\pi/2), and the resulting FS is consistent with the FS obtained recently using the quantum Monte Carlo cluster approach to the Kondo lattice system in the presence of the antiferrmagnetic order.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Local polariton states in impure ionic crystals

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    We consider the dynamics of an ionic crystal with a single impurity in the vicinity of the polariton resonance. We show that if the polariton spectrum of the host crystal allows for a gap between polariton branches, the defect gives rise to a novel kind of local states with frequencies within the gap. Despite the atomic size of the impurity we find that new local states are predominated by long-wavelength polaritons. The properties of these states are shown to be different from the properties of the well-known vibrational local states. The difference is due to the singular behavior of the density of states of polaritons near the low-frequency boundary of the polariton gap. Assuming cubic simmetry of the defect site we consider a complete set of the local states arising near the bottom of the polariton gap.Comment: 10 pages, 3 Postscript figures, to be published in Phys. Rev. B 1998, Vol. 57, No.

    Density of states in an optical speckle potential

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    We study the single particle density of states of a one-dimensional speckle potential, which is correlated and non-Gaussian. We consider both the repulsive and the attractive cases. The system is controlled by a single dimensionless parameter determined by the mass of the particle, the correlation length and the average intensity of the field. Depending on the value of this parameter, the system exhibits different regimes, characterized by the localization properties of the eigenfunctions. We calculate the corresponding density of states using the statistical properties of the speckle potential. We find good agreement with the results of numerical simulations.Comment: 11 pages, 11 figures, revtex
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