162 research outputs found

    An aspect of the object habit: Pliny the Elder, audience and politics

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    This paper looks at an aspect of the ‘object habit’ by considering the motivations behind an ancient technical text, Pliny the Elder’s Natural History. The text is an ‘encyclopaedia’ of knowledge covering a vast range of subjects and approaches by studying objects including things found in nature and worked by man. For Pliny, these phenomena shared enough to be considered together while presenting an inventory of the resources in the Roman world and thus controlled by the emperor Titus (AD 79–81), to whom the work is addressed. The collection of knowledge for Pliny is a political act. The Natural History’s collapse of distinctions between objects, animate or inanimate, worked by man or in a natural state, as well as its insistence on political motivations for collecting objects and knowledge, serve as starting place for considering the ‘object habit’ and the impact of politics on collecting. Two examples are discussed: a Benin ‘bronze’ at a Cambridge college, and three giraffes gifted to the superpowers of nineteenth-century Europe

    Book Reviews

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    CONSTITUTIONAL BRICOLAGE. By Gerald Garvey. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971. Pp. xi, 160. 7.50. and ANTHROPOLOGY OF LAW. By Leopold Pospisil. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1971. Pp. xiii, 385. 12.95

    The Law of Intergovernmental Relations: IVHS Opportunities and Constraints

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    Neither Peace Nor Uniformity : Local Government in the Wisconsin Constitution

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    Local Government Autonomy

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    'A selection of minor antiquities': a multi-sited view on collections from excavations in Egypt

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    This article draws upon the ‘Artefacts of Excavation’ (2014–17) project, which is investigating the worldwide distribution of finds from British-led excavations in Egypt between 1880 and 1980. The departure point for the present article is the earliest phase of these distributions. The potential for multi-sited ethnographic approaches to illuminate the history and significance of such collections is explored. It is argued that, through such analyses, it is possible to chart shifting tensions in the status of objects as they were collected, circulated and re-evaluated between the field and the museum. The article concludes by suggesting that multi-sited frameworks may also be able to re-animate ‘orphaned’ archaeological collections, some of which could be at risk from commercial sale

    A multiscale XFEM approach to investigate the fracture behavior of bio-inspired composite materials

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    In the setting of emerging approaches for material design, we investigate the use of the extended finite element method (XFEM) to predict the behavior of a newly designed bone-inspired fiber-reinforced composite and to elucidate the role of the characteristic microstructural features and interfaces on the overall fracture behavior. The outcome of the simulations, showing a good agreement with the experimental results, reveals the fundamental role played by the heterogeneous microstructure in altering the stress field, reducing the stress concentration at the crack tip, and the crucial role of the interface region (i.e. cement line) in fostering the activation of characteristic toughening mechanisms, thus increasing the overall flaw tolerance of the composite

    Book Reviews

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    HOW ARBITRATION WORKS (3rd Edition). By Frank Elkouri and Edna Asper Elkouri. Washington: Bureau of National Affairs, 1973. Pp. 797. 17.50.DEVIANCE−INSOVIETSOCIETY−CRIME,DELINQUENCYANDALCOHOLISM.ByWalterD.Connor.NewYork:ColumbiaUniversityPress.1972.Pp.327.17.50. DEVIANCE-IN SOVIET SOCIETY-CRIME, DELINQUENCY AND ALCOHOLISM. By Walter D. Connor. New York: Columbia University Press. 1972. Pp. 327. 12.50. LEGAL RIGHTS OF CHILDREN: STATUS, PROGRESS AND PROPOSALS. A Symposium of the Columbia Human Rights Law Review. Fairlawn: R. E. Burdick, Inc., 1973. Pp. 212. $9.00
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