150 research outputs found

    Control and Limit Enforcements for VSC Multi-Terminal HVDC in Newton Power Flow

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    This paper proposes a novel method to automatically enforce controls and limits for Voltage Source Converter (VSC) based multi-terminal HVDC in the Newton power flow iteration process. A general VSC MT-HVDC model with primary PQ or PV control and secondary voltage control is formulated. Both the dependent and independent variables are included in the propose formulation so that the algebraic variables of the VSC MT-HVDC are adjusted simultaneously. The proposed method also maintains the number of equations and the dimension of the Jacobian matrix unchanged so that, when a limit is reached and a control is released, the Jacobian needs no re-factorization. Simulations on the IEEE 14-bus and Polish 9241-bus systems are performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method.Comment: IEEE PES General Meeting 201

    Fibre Bundle Models and 3D Object Recognition

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    Fusion of Model-free Reinforcement Learning with Microgrid Control: Review and Vision

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    Challenges and opportunities coexist in microgrids as a result of emerging large-scale distributed energy resources (DERs) and advanced control techniques. In this paper, a comprehensive review of microgrid control is presented with its fusion of model-free reinforcement learning (MFRL). A high-level research map of microgrid control is developed from six distinct perspectives, followed by bottom-level modularized control blocks illustrating the configurations of grid-following (GFL) and grid-forming (GFM) inverters. Then, mainstream MFRL algorithms are introduced with an explanation of how MFRL can be integrated into the existing control framework. Next, the application guideline of MFRL is summarized with a discussion of three fusing approaches, i.e., model identification and parameter tuning, supplementary signal generation, and controller substitution, with the existing control framework. Finally, the fundamental challenges associated with adopting MFRL in microgrid control and corresponding insights for addressing these concerns are fully discussed.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figures, published on IEEE Transaction on Smart Grid 2022 Nov 15. See: https://ieeexplore-ieee-org.utk.idm.oclc.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=995140

    Improving Virtual Synchronous Generator Control in Microgrids using Fuzzy Logic Control

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    Virtual synchronous generators (VSG) are designed to mimic the inertia and damping characteristics of synchronous generators (SG), which can improve the frequency response of a microgrid. Unlike synchronous generators whose inertia and damping are restricted by the physical characteristics of the SG, VSG parameters can be more flexibly controlled to adapt to different disturbances. This paper therefore proposes a fuzzy logic controller designed to adaptively set the parameters of the VSG during a frequency event to ensure an improved frequency nadir and rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) response. The proposed control method is implemented and tested on the power inverter for the battery energy storage system of the Banshee Microgrid Feeder 2 test case system using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The effectiveness of the adaptive control scheme is validated by comparing its performance with a constant parameter VSG, a virtual inertia only fuzzy controller, and an inertial-less inverter control

    DiME and AGVIS A Distributed Messaging Environment and Geographical Visualizer for Large-scale Power System Simulation

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    This paper introduces the messaging environment and the geographical visualization tool of the CURENT Large-scale Testbed (LTB) that can be used for large-scale power system closed-loop simulation. First, Distributed Messaging Environment (DiME) implements an asynchronous shared workspace to enable high-concurrent data exchange. Second, Another Grid Visualizer (AGVis) is presented as a geovisualization tool that facilitates the visualization of real-time power system simulation. Third, case studies show the use of DiME and AGVis. The results demonstrate that, with the modular structure, the LTB is capable of not only federal use for real-time, large-scale power system simulation, but also independent use for customized power system research.Comment: 5 pages, 7 figures, conferenc
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