1,560 research outputs found

### SUSY transformation of the Green function and a trace formula

An integral relation is established between the Green functions corresponding
to two Hamiltonians which are supersymmetric (SUSY) partners and in general may
possess both discrete and continuous spectra. It is shown that when the
continuous spectrum is present the trace of the difference of the Green
functions for SUSY partners is a finite quantity which may or may not be equal
to zero despite the divergence of the traces of each Green function. Our
findings are illustrated by using the free particle example considered both on
the whole real line and on a half line

### Inverse eigenvalue problem for discrete three-diagonal Sturm-Liouville operator and the continuum limit

In present article the self-contained derivation of eigenvalue inverse
problem results is given by using a discrete approximation of the Schroedinger
operator on a bounded interval as a finite three-diagonal symmetric Jacobi
matrix. This derivation is more correct in comparison with previous works which
used only single-diagonal matrix. It is demonstrated that inverse problem
procedure is nothing else than well known Gram-Schmidt orthonormalization in
Euclidean space for special vectors numbered by the space coordinate index. All
the results of usual inverse problem with continuous coordinate are reobtained
by employing a limiting procedure, including the Goursat problem -- equation in
partial derivatives for the solutions of the inversion integral equation.Comment: 19 pages There were made some additions (and reformulations) to the
text making the derivation of the results more precise and understandabl

### Convergence of expansions in Schr\"odinger and Dirac eigenfunctions, with an application to the R-matrix theory

Expansion of a wave function in a basis of eigenfunctions of a differential
eigenvalue problem lies at the heart of the R-matrix methods for both the
Schr\"odinger and Dirac particles. A central issue that should be carefully
analyzed when functional series are applied is their convergence. In the
present paper, we study the properties of the eigenfunction expansions
appearing in nonrelativistic and relativistic $R$-matrix theories. In
particular, we confirm the findings of Rosenthal [J. Phys. G: Nucl. Phys. 13,
491 (1987)] and Szmytkowski and Hinze [J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 29, 761
(1996); J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 29, 6125 (1996)] that in the most popular
formulation of the R-matrix theory for Dirac particles, the functional series
fails to converge to a claimed limit.Comment: Revised version, accepted for publication in Journal of Mathematical
Physics, 21 pages, 1 figur

### Exact propagators for SUSY partners

Pairs of SUSY partner Hamiltonians are studied which are interrelated by
usual (linear) or polynomial supersymmetry. Assuming the model of one of the
Hamiltonians as exactly solvable with known propagator, expressions for
propagators of partner models are derived. The corresponding general results
are applied to "a particle in a box", the Harmonic oscillator and a free
particle (i.e. to transparent potentials).Comment: 31 page

### The inverse scattering problem at fixed energy based on the Marchenko equation for an auxiliary Sturm-Liouville operator

A new approach is proposed to the solution of the quantum mechanical inverse
scattering problem at fixed energy. The method relates the fixed energy phase
shifts to those arising in an auxiliary Sturm-Liouville problem via the
interpolation theory of the Weyl-Titchmarsh m-function. Then a Marchenko
equation is solved to obtain the potential.Comment: 6 pages, 8 eps figure

### Stability of the inverse resonance problem on the line

In the absence of a half-bound state, a compactly supported potential of a
Schr\"odinger operator on the line is determined up to a translation by the
zeros and poles of the meropmorphically continued left (or right) reflection
coefficient. The poles are the eigenvalues and resonances, while the zeros also
are physically relevant. We prove that all compactly supported potentials
(without half-bound states) that have reflection coefficients whose zeros and
poles are \eps-close in some disk centered at the origin are also close (in a
suitable sense). In addition, we prove stability of small perturbations of the
zero potential (which has a half-bound state) from only the eigenvalues and
resonances of the perturbation.Comment: 21 page

### Effects of Noise in a Cortical Neural Model

Recently Segev et al. (Phys. Rev. E 64,2001, Phys.Rev.Let. 88, 2002) made
long-term observations of spontaneous activity of in-vitro cortical networks,
which differ from predictions of current models in many features. In this paper
we generalize the EI cortical model introduced in a previous paper (S.Scarpetta
et al. Neural Comput. 14, 2002), including intrinsic white noise and analyzing
effects of noise on the spontaneous activity of the nonlinear system, in order
to account for the experimental results of Segev et al.. Analytically we can
distinguish different regimes of activity, depending from the model parameters.
Using analytical results as a guide line, we perform simulations of the
nonlinear stochastic model in two different regimes, B and C. The Power
Spectrum Density (PSD) of the activity and the Inter-Event-Interval (IEI)
distributions are computed, and compared with experimental results. In regime B
the network shows stochastic resonance phenomena and noise induces aperiodic
collective synchronous oscillations that mimic experimental observations at 0.5
mM Ca concentration. In regime C the model shows spontaneous synchronous
periodic activity that mimic activity observed at 1 mM Ca concentration and the
PSD shows two peaks at the 1st and 2nd harmonics in agreement with experiments
at 1 mM Ca. Moreover (due to intrinsic noise and nonlinear activation function
effects) the PSD shows a broad band peak at low frequency. This feature,
observed experimentally, does not find explanation in the previous models.
Besides we identify parametric changes (namely increase of noise or decreasing
of excitatory connections) that reproduces the fading of periodicity found
experimentally at long times, and we identify a way to discriminate between
those two possible effects measuring experimentally the low frequency PSD.Comment: 25 pages, 10 figures, to appear in Phys. Rev.

### Small-Energy Analysis for the Selfadjoint Matrix Schroedinger Operator on the Half Line

The matrix Schroedinger equation with a selfadjoint matrix potential is
considered on the half line with the most general selfadjoint boundary
condition at the origin. When the matrix potential is integrable and has a
first moment, it is shown that the corresponding scattering matrix is
continuous at zero energy. An explicit formula is provided for the scattering
matrix at zero energy. The small-energy asymptotics are established also for
the corresponding Jost matrix, its inverse, and various other quantities
relevant to the corresponding direct and inverse scattering problems.Comment: This published version has been edited to improve the presentation of
the result

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