1,127 research outputs found

    Nonequilibrium dynamics of a stochastic model of anomalous heat transport: numerical analysis

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    We study heat transport in a chain of harmonic oscillators with random elastic collisions between nearest-neighbours. The equations of motion of the covariance matrix are numerically solved for free and fixed boundary conditions. In the thermodynamic limit, the shape of the temperature profile and the value of the stationary heat flux depend on the choice of boundary conditions. For free boundary conditions, they also depend on the coupling strength with the heat baths. Moreover, we find a strong violation of local equilibrium at the chain edges that determine two boundary layers of size N\sqrt{N} (where NN is the chain length), that are characterized by a different scaling behaviour from the bulk. Finally, we investigate the relaxation towards the stationary state, finding two long time scales: the first corresponds to the relaxation of the hydrodynamic modes; the second is a manifestation of the finiteness of the system.Comment: Submitted to Journal of Physics A, Mathematical and Theoretica

    Entropy potential and Lyapunov exponents

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    According to a previous conjecture, spatial and temporal Lyapunov exponents of chaotic extended systems can be obtained from derivatives of a suitable function: the entropy potential. The validity and the consequences of this hypothesis are explored in detail. The numerical investigation of a continuous-time model provides a further confirmation to the existence of the entropy potential. Furthermore, it is shown that the knowledge of the entropy potential allows determining also Lyapunov spectra in general reference frames where the time-like and space-like axes point along generic directions in the space-time plane. Finally, the existence of an entropy potential implies that the integrated density of positive exponents (Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy) is independent of the chosen reference frame.Comment: 20 pages, latex, 8 figures, submitted to CHAO

    On the anomalous thermal conductivity of one-dimensional lattices

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    The divergence of the thermal conductivity in the thermodynamic limit is thoroughly investigated. The divergence law is consistently determined with two different numerical approaches based on equilibrium and non-equilibrium simulations. A possible explanation in the framework of linear-response theory is also presented, which traces back the physical origin of this anomaly to the slow diffusion of the energy of long-wavelength Fourier modes. Finally, the results of dynamical simulations are compared with the predictions of mode-coupling theory.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, to appear in Europhysics Letter

    Slow energy relaxation and localization in 1D lattices

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    We investigate the energy relaxation process produced by thermal baths at zero temperature acting on the boundary atoms of chains of classical anharmonic oscillators. Time-dependent perturbation theory allows us to obtain an explicit solution of the harmonic problem: even in such a simple system nontrivial features emerge from the interplay of the different decay rates of Fourier modes. In particular, a crossover from an exponential to an inverse-square-root law occurs on a time scale proportional to the system size NN. A further crossover back to an exponential law is observed only at much longer times (of the order N3N^3). In the nonlinear chain, the relaxation process is initially equivalent to the harmonic case over a wide time span, as illustrated by simulations of the β\beta Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model. The distinctive feature is that the second crossover is not observed due to the spontaneous appearance of breathers, i.e. space-localized time-periodic solutions, that keep a finite residual energy in the lattice. We discuss the mechanism yielding such solutions and also explain why it crucially depends on the boundary conditions.Comment: 16 pages, 6 figure

    Fluctuation Formula in the Nose-Hoover thermostated Lorentz gas

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    In this paper we examine numerically the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation formula for phase-space contraction rate and entropy production rate fluctuations in the Nos\'e-Hoover thermostated periodic Lorentz gas. Our results indicate that while the phase-space contraction rate fluctuations violate the fluctuation formula near equilibrium states, the entropy production rate fluctuations obey this formula near and far from equilibrium states as well.Comment: 4 pages, 8 figure

    The Gallavotti-Cohen Fluctuation Theorem for a non-chaotic model

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    We test the applicability of the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation formula on a nonequilibrium version of the periodic Ehrenfest wind-tree model. This is a one-particle system whose dynamics is rather complex (e.g. it appears to be diffusive at equilibrium), but its Lyapunov exponents are nonpositive. For small applied field, the system exhibits a very long transient, during which the dynamics is roughly chaotic, followed by asymptotic collapse on a periodic orbit. During the transient, the dynamics is diffusive, and the fluctuations of the current are found to be in agreement with the fluctuation formula, despite the lack of real hyperbolicity. These results also constitute an example which manifests the difference between the fluctuation formula and the Evans-Searles identity.Comment: 12 pages, submitted to Journal of Statistical Physic

    Coupled transport in rotor models

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    Acknowledgement One of us (AP) wishes to acknowledge S. Flach for enlightening discussions about the relationship between the DNLS equation and the rotor model.Peer reviewedPublisher PD

    Cooling nonlinear lattices toward localisation

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    We describe the energy relaxation process produced by surface damping on lattices of classical anharmonic oscillators. Spontaneous emergence of localised vibrations dramatically slows down dissipation and gives rise to quasi-stationary states where energy is trapped in the form of a gas of weakly interacting discrete breathers. In one dimension (1D), strong enough on--site coupling may yield stretched--exponential relaxation which is reminiscent of glassy dynamics. We illustrate the mechanism generating localised structures and discuss the crucial role of the boundary conditions. For two--dimensional (2D) lattices, the existence of a gap in the breather spectrum causes the localisation process to become activated. A statistical analysis of the resulting quasi-stationary state through the distribution of breathers' energies yield information on their effective interactions.Comment: 10 pages, 11 figure

    Divergent Thermal Conductivity in Three-dimensional Nonlinear lattices

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    Heat conduction in three-dimensional nonlinear lattices is investigated using a particle dynamics simulation. The system is a simple three-dimensional extension of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam β\beta (FPU-β\beta) nonlinear lattices, in which the interparticle potential has a biquadratic term together with a harmonic term. The system size is L×L×2LL\times L\times 2L, and the heat is made to flow in the 2L2L direction the Nose-Hoover method. Although a linear temperature profile is realized, the ratio of enerfy flux to temperature gradient shows logarithmic divergence with LL. The autocorrelation function of energy flux C(t)C(t) is observed to show power-law decay as t0.98±0,25t^{-0.98\pm 0,25}, which is slower than the decay in conventional momentum-cnserving three-dimensional systems (t3/2t^{-3/2}). Similar behavior is also observed in the four dimensional system.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures. Accepted for publication in J. Phys. Soc. Japan Letter