671 research outputs found

    Applicability of the Wigner functional approach to evolution of quantum fields

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    Evolution of highly excited quantum field is considered in the framework of Keldysh formalism . It is demonstrated that leading order (LO) term of semiclassical approximation appears as well-known Classical Statistical Approximation (CSA). In simple case of spatially homogeneous scalar field analytical expressions for leading and next-to-leading (NLO) order are presented. It is shown that the range of applicability of CSA strongly depends on the properties of the initial state of the systemComment: Based on talk given at the 19th Intenational Seminar QUARKS 201

    Sound propagation and Mach cone in anisotropic hydrodynamics

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    This letter is based on a kinetic theory approach to anisotropic hydrodynamics. We derive the sound wave equation in anisotropic hydrodynamics and show that a corresponding wave front is ellipsoidal. The phenomenon of Mach cone emission in anisotropic hydrodynamics is studied. It is shown that Mach cone in anisotropic case becomes asymmetric, i. e. in this limit they're two different angles, left and right with respect to the ultrasonic particle direction, which are determined by the direction of ultrasonic particle propagation and the asymmetry coefficient.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figure

    Thick GaN film stress-induced self-separation

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    Cracking of thick GaN films on sapphire substrates during the cooling down after the growth was studied. The cracking was suppressed by increasing the film-to-substrate thickness ratio and by using an intermediate carbon buffer layer, that reduced the binding energy between the GaN film and the substrate. Wafer-scale self-separation of thick GaN films has been demonstrated.Comment: Published in Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus

    Production of Photons and Dileptons in the Glasma

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    We study the production of photons and dileptons during the pre-equilibrium Glasma stage in heavy ion collisions and discuss the implications in light of the PHENIX data. We find that the measured distributions of such electromagnetic emissions, while having some features not well understood if hypothesized to entirely arise from a thermalized Quark-Gluon Plasma, have some qualitative features that might be described after including effects from a thermalizing Glasma. The shape and centrality dependence of the transverse momentum spectra of the so-called "thermal photons" are well described. The mass and transverse momentum dependence of intermediate mass dileptons also agree with our estimates. The low transverse momenta from which the excessive dileptons (in low to intermediate mass region) arise is suggestive of emissions from a Bose condensate. We also predict the centrality dependence of dilepton production. Uncertainties in the current approach and improvements in the future are discussed.Comment: 24 pages, 7 figures, new results and references added in v
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