14,903 research outputs found

### Shuttle relative navigation of a tethered satellite mission with current on board software

A Shuttle mission planned in 1991 will test the feasibility of tethers in space. This mission, a joint effort between Italy and the United States, will connect a satellite (built by the Italians) to the Shuttle with a 20 km long tether. This mission poses unique navigation problems. The flight software on the Shuttle was never designed to account for the low level acceleration that is generated by the gravity gradient. IMUs on the Shuttle was never designed to account for the low level acceleration that is generated by the gravity gradient. Inertial Maneuvering Units on the shuttle will sense the acceleration of the tether but it turns out that incorporating the continuous accelerometer noise also generates large error growth. Relative navigation is another important issue since the majority of the mission will be conducted while the satellite is out of the visual range of the crew. Some kind of feedback on the motion of the satellite will be desirable. Feedback of the satellite motion can be generated by using the rendezvous radar. To process the radar measurements, the flight software uses a 13 state Kalman Filter, but unfortunately with the filter currently tuned as it is, valid measurements tend to be ignored. This is due to the constraint of the tether on the satellite, which is an unmodeled force. Analysis shows that with proper tuning, relative navigation is possible

### Extremal Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of Deformed Wigner Matrices

We consider random matrices of the form $H = W + \lambda V$,
$\lambda\in\mathbb{R}^+$, where $W$ is a real symmetric or complex Hermitian
Wigner matrix of size $N$ and $V$ is a real bounded diagonal random matrix of
size $N$ with i.i.d.\ entries that are independent of $W$. We assume
subexponential decay for the matrix entries of $W$ and we choose $\lambda \sim
1$, so that the eigenvalues of $W$ and $\lambda V$ are typically of the same
order. Further, we assume that the density of the entries of $V$ is supported
on a single interval and is convex near the edges of its support. In this paper
we prove that there is $\lambda_+\in\mathbb{R}^+$ such that the largest
eigenvalues of $H$ are in the limit of large $N$ determined by the order
statistics of $V$ for $\lambda>\lambda_+$. In particular, the largest
eigenvalue of $H$ has a Weibull distribution in the limit $N\to\infty$ if
$\lambda>\lambda_+$. Moreover, for $N$ sufficiently large, we show that the
eigenvectors associated to the largest eigenvalues are partially localized for
$\lambda>\lambda_+$, while they are completely delocalized for
$\lambda<\lambda_+$. Similar results hold for the lowest eigenvalues.Comment: 47 page

### Edge Universality for Deformed Wigner Matrices

We consider $N\times N$ random matrices of the form $H = W + V$ where $W$ is
a real symmetric Wigner matrix and $V$ a random or deterministic, real,
diagonal matrix whose entries are independent of $W$. We assume subexponential
decay for the matrix entries of $W$ and we choose $V$ so that the eigenvalues
of $W$ and $V$ are typically of the same order. For a large class of diagonal
matrices $V$ we show that the rescaled distribution of the extremal eigenvalues
is given by the Tracy-Widom distribution $F_1$ in the limit of large $N$. Our
proofs also apply to the complex Hermitian setting, i.e., when $W$ is a complex
Hermitian Wigner matrix

### Time-Varying Uncertainty and the Credit Channel

We extend the Carlstrom and Fuerst (1997) agency cost model of business cycles by including time varying uncertainty in the technology shocks that affect capital production. We first demonstrate that standard linearization methods can be used to solve the model yet second moments enter the economy's equilibrium policy functions. We then demonstrate that an increase in uncertainty causes, ceteris paribus, a fall in investment supply. A second key result is that time varying uncertainty results in countercyclical bankruptcy rates - a finding which is consistent with the data and opposite the result in Carlstrom and Fuerst. Third, we show that persistence of uncertainty affects both quantitatively and qualitatively the behavior of the economy. However, the shocks to uncertainty imply a quantitatively small role for uncertainty over the business cycle.agency costs, credit channel, time-varying uncertainty

### Household Credit and Probability Forecasts of Financial Distress in the United Kingdom

The growth of unsecured household credit relative to income has been marked in recent years and many observers have questioned whether it is sustainable. This paper develops a theory-based empirical model of equilibrium household consumption and credit. The equilibrium relationships are embedded within a vector-autoregressive model that can accommodate complex dynamics with a coherent long-run structure. We define the events associated with financial distress and describe probability forecasting methods that can be applied to the model to predict the likely occurence of distress events. The analysis is illustrated using unsecured credit market data for the UK.Financial Distress, Probability Forecasts, Household Spending and Credit.

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